Journal of Buddhistic Sociology https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BSJ <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; วารสารพุทธสังคมวิทยาปริทรรศน์ มหาวิทยาลัยมหามกุฏราชวิทยาลัย วิทยาเขตศรีธรรมาโศกราช เลขมาตรฐานสากล ISSN : 2697-5130 (Print) และ ISSN : 2697-5254 (Online) เป็นสื่อกลางส่งเสริมการเผยแพร่องค์ความรู้ในด้านพระพุทธศาสนา สังคมศาสตร์ มนุษยศาสตร์ และการประยุกต์ใช้องค์ความรู้จากการบูรณาการศาสตร์ต่าง ๆ เข้ากับพระพุทธศาสนา&nbsp; เปิดรับผลงานทั้งทางด้านการวิจัย และผลงานทางวิชาการ บทความวิจัย หรือบทความวิชาการ ในมิติด้าน พุทธศาสนา การพัฒนาสังคม สังคมวิทยา ศิลปศาสตร์ รัฐศาสตร์ รัฐประศาสนศาสตร์ และสหวิทยาการ ทุกบทความที่ตีพิมพ์เผยแพร่ได้ผ่านการพิจารณาจากผู้ทรงคุณวุฒิ อย่างน้อย 2 ท่าน ในลักษณะปกปิดรายชื่อ (Double blind peer-reviewed) เปิดรับบทความทั้งภาษาไทยและภาษาอังกฤษ&nbsp; โดยรับพิจารณาตีพิมพ์ต้นฉบับของบุคคลทั้งภายในและภายนอกมหาวิทยาลัย ตั้งแต่ปี พ.ศ. 2564 เป็นต้นไป กำหนดพิมพ์ปีละ 4 ฉบับ คือ ฉบับที่ 1 เดือนมกราคม-มีนาคม / ฉบับที่ 2 เดือนเมษายน-มิถุนายน / ฉบับที่ 3 เดือนกรกฎาคม-กันยายน / และฉบับที่ 4 เดือนตุลาคม-ธันวาคม (ราย 3 เดือน) โดยผลงานที่ส่งมาจะต้องไม่เคยเสนอหรือกำลังเสนอตีพิมพ์ในวารสารวิชาการใดมาก่อน บทความอาจถูก ดัดแปลง แก้ไขเนื้อหา รูปแบบ และสำนวน ตามที่กองบรรณาธิการเห็นสมควร ทั้งนี้เพื่อให้วารสารมีคุณภาพใน ระดับมาตรฐานสากล และนำไปอ้างอิงได้ หากผู้นิพนธ์มีข้อสงสัยในการจัดเตรียมต้นฉบับสามารถตรวจสอบ ระเบียบการตีพิมพ์ล่าสุดของวารสาร หรือสอบถามได้ทาง E-mail: <a href="mailto:thammarat.yo@mbu.ac.th">thammarat.yo@mbu.ac.th</a></p> มหาวิทยาลัยมหามกุฏราชวิทยาลัย วิทยาเขตศรีธรรมาโศกราช en-US Journal of Buddhistic Sociology 2697-5130 BAWORN: THE MAIN POWER IN CREATING BUDDHIST ART IN SRIVIJAYA IN THE PRESENT AGE https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BSJ/article/view/251863 <p>This article aimed to 1) present the knowledge of Buddhist arts in Srivijaya and 2) present the Baworn power, the supreme power in creating Buddhist art in Srivijaya currently, by using a descriptive writing approach.<br />The study showed that Baworn participation enhanced the collective consciousness of institutions, houses, temples, and schools using the participation principle to create Buddhist artworks in the Srivijaya area. This participation principle allowed houses, temples, and schools to participate in the conceptual aspect, construction operation and solving obstacles by joining together both physically and mentally and jointly invested in creating and developing the Buddhist art in the Srivijaya style to meet the goals that have been set together. According to historical evidence, the outstanding architecture is Phra Borommathat Chaiya. The outstanding sculpture is the Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara which is currently being replicated at the Ubosot located in the middle of the water in Srivijaya style in Thung Sied Temple, Surat Thani Province. The Baworn was the supreme power in building the Ubosot in the middle of the water in Srivijaya style art to achieve the goals that have been mutually agreed upon. When everyone participated in creating using the power of faith as the medium to make unity and work together, the feeling of empathy, possessive, and cherishing arose for the Buddhist art of Srivijaya, including understanding the history of the Srivijaya area and the Buddhism through the Buddhist Art of Srivijaya to help carry on Buddhism prosperously.</p> Phrakrukittiwattananukul (Apipoonyo) Sengnui Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhistic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-27 2022-03-27 7 1 81 94 LEADERSHIP AND THE ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT IN NEW NORMAL AGE https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BSJ/article/view/254049 <p>With a situation in which Coronavirus 2019 (Covid-19) is outbreaking, it causes a significant change to the world called “New Normal,” the new standard for the potentiality of living on as long as possible. Organizational management has to adapt for survival and the ability to continue a business. Thus the leadership of the executives is essential to make an organization reach its objectives efficiently.<br />The article presents leadership and organizational management in the New Normal age. The article proposes five essential things of leadership (Vi-STAR Model): 1) Vision, 2) System Thinker, 3) Technology, 4) Accountability, and <br />5) Resilience. These five leaderships will make organizational management reach the objectives and survive in the new normal society. </p> Weerapong Kiatpraiyot Phrapalad Sathid Phodhiyano Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhistic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-27 2022-03-27 7 1 123 134 DEVELOPMENT OF ONLINE LESSONS ON DESIGN, PRODUCTION, AND APPLICATION OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY MEDIA FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES BY USING THE THEORY OF CONSTRUCTIONISM TO CREATE THE WORK FOR SECOND--YEAR UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS, NAKHON SI THAMMARAT COLLEGE OF DRAMATICS ARTS https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BSJ/article/view/248765 <p>The development of online lessons on design, production, and application of digital technology media for educational purposes by using the theory of Constructionism to create the work for second-year undergraduate students, Nakhon Si Thammarat College of Dramatics Arts was the experimental research with the control group and having pretest and posttest. The research aimed to 1) develop an online lesson on design, production, and application of digital technology media for learning using the theory of Constructionism to create the work to be effective under the 80/80 criteria, 2) compare the post -student achievement between the experimental group studying based on online media lessons and the control group studying by the demonstration method, and 3) study the satisfaction of the experimental group learning with online lesson media. The sample group was 40 second - year undergraduate students who enrolled in the Information and Communication Technology Education course in semester 2, the academic year 2021 of Nakhon Si Thammarat College of Dramatics Arts. The sample group, selected by purposive sampling, was divided into an experimental group with 20 students and a control group with 20 students. <br /><strong>The results showed that:</strong><br />1. The experimental group's efficacy analysis results were 89.96/95.43, which was higher than the established benchmark (80/80).<br />2. When comparing the results after school achievement of the experimental group and the control group, it was found that the experimental group who studied online lessons had higher post-student achievement than the control group who studied with the demonstration teaching at the statistical level .01.<br />3. The study results on the satisfaction of the experimental group using online lesson media found that overall, the students had the highest level of satisfaction.</p> Kewwaritha Rongphon Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhistic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-27 2022-03-27 7 1 1 14 BUDDHADHAMMA INTEGRATION FOR ENHANCING POLITICAL COMMUNICATION TO THE PEOPLE IN PHRA NAKHON SI AYUTTHAYA PROVINCE https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BSJ/article/view/250743 <p>This research aimed to 1) study the general conditions of people’s political communication in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province, 2) study the people’s political communication process in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province, and 3) propose the Buddhadhamma (Sangahavattu 4) integration for enhancing political communication of people in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province.<br /><strong>Findings were as follows:</strong><br />1. Knowing and understanding the principle of sending a message depends on the truth. People should have communication skills, a good attitude, ability to make informed, the content sent out must be relevant and clear, accurate and valuable, knowing how to use all kinds of online media or channels that are accessible quickly and not contrary to the belief, having critical thinking consciously. <br />2. Political communication process was found at high level (x ̅ = 3.75, S.D. = 0.59). When considering each aspect, the receiver had the highest level of opinions (x ̅ = 3.84, S.D. = 0.71), followed by the media or channel (x ̅ = 3.81, S.D. = 0.70) and the lowest level was the sender (x ̅ = 3.61 S.D. = 0.63).<br />3. The results of knowledge sharing to analyze the political situation revealed that the words that are endearing polite, sweet, and pleasant to listen to help have a broad perspective. Ways to create respect for each other to make political communication understandable quickly were as follows: behave beneficially; have a heart; love to benefit each other with honesty and fairness for the common interest; be consistent and rational; provide clear and accurate information to individuals and society.</p> Phra Chinnakorn Sucitto Thongdee Anubhumi Sowkasem Surapon Suyaprom Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhistic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-27 2022-03-27 7 1 15 28 SOCIAL WELFARE PROVISION OF PUBLIC SECTOR FOR MIGRANT WORKERS IN UPPER NORTH REGION https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BSJ/article/view/250773 <p>This research aimed to 1) study the social welfare provision of the public sector for migrant workers in the upper north region, 2) study the components of social protection in social welfare provision of public sector for migrant workers in the upper north region, and 3) apply the Buddhist principles to the social welfare provision of public sector for migrant workers in the upper north region. The research methodology was qualitative research. Data were collected from 35 key informants by in-depth-interviewing and from 9 participants in focus group discussion. Data were analyzed by using descriptive interpretation. <br />The results showed that: <br />1. Social welfare provision of the public sector for migrant workers in the upper north region consisted of; 1) Health Service 2) Residential 3) Social Security 4) Education and 5) Social Work. <br />2. The components of social protection in social welfare provision of the public sector for migrant workers in the upper north region consisted of; 1) Protective Measures 2) Preventative Measures 3) Transformative Measures and 4) Promotive Measures. <br />3. For the application of Buddhist principles to the social welfare provision of the public sector for migrant workers in the upper north region, the principles of Saraniyadhamma 6 was applied based on the operation principles as follows: the service must be based on good service with good communication, reduce the conflict and create unity in coexistence, regard for accuracy as the norm, respect for the rights and freedoms without discrimination, recognize the dignity of equal humanity. To effectively provide social welfare for migrant workers, there must be a consensus as a fundamental principle that will lead to effective and targeted solutions.</p> Sirisuda Saengthong Termsak Thongin Surapon Suyaprom Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhistic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-27 2022-03-27 7 1 29 45 INTEGRATION OF BUDDHADHAMM FOR ENHANCING DEMOCRATIC POLITICAL CULTURE OF PEOPLE IN PHETCHABURI PROVINCE https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BSJ/article/view/250916 <p>This research article aimed to 1) study the general condition, problems, and obstacles of enhancing the democratic political culture of people in Phetchaburi province, 2) study the factors affecting the enhancing of the democratic political culture of people in Phetchaburi province, and 3) present the integration of Buddhadhamm for enhancing the democratic political culture of people in Phetchaburi province. <br />This research was mixed-method research. Concerning qualitative research, data were collected by in-depth interviews from 18 key informants and analyzed by descriptive interpretation. For quantitative research, data were collected by questionnaires from 400 people who were the voting population with elections aged 18 years old and over in Phetchaburi Province from all 3 districts, totaling 380,759 people. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics: Frequency, Percentage, Mean, Standard deviation.<br /><strong>The results showed that:</strong><br />1. The general condition, problems, and obstacles of enhancing the democratic political culture of people in Phetchaburi province: Politics in Phetchaburi was a continual patronage system. <br />2. The factors affecting the enhancing of the democratic political culture of people in Phetchaburi province: Overall, it was at a high level. When considering each aspect by the mean from the highest to lowest, the levels were as follows: Political Socialization and Sàràniyadhamma 6 for enhancing the democratic political culture of people in Phetchaburi Province. <br />3. The integration of Buddhadhamm for enhancing the democratic political culture of people in Phetchaburi Province based on Sàràniyadhamma 6 focused on the political change in political ideology, political attitudes adhering to the principles of democracy.</p> Phrakhruvinaithon Athit Suvadฺdฺho Sookpanich Vacharin Chansilp สุรพล สุยะพรหม Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhistic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-27 2022-03-27 7 1 46 63 APPLICATION OF THE BUDDHIST GOOD GOVERNANCE PRINCIPLE FOR ENHANCING PEOPLE’S POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN NAKHON SI THAMMARAT PROVINCE https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BSJ/article/view/251246 <p>This research article aimed to 1) study the general condition and obstacles of the political participation of the people in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, 2) study the components of the promotion of political participation of the people in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, and 3) present the application of the Buddhist Good Governance principles to promote political participation of people in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. <br />The results showed that:<br />1. General condition of the political participation of people in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province was as follows: old-fashioned political commentary used the current conversation to express opinions online; the interests in government administration and politicians; keeping up with the latest news; knowledge, and understanding of political rights and duties according to perceptions; having cooperation with the government to develop their society.<br />2. Elements of promoting political participation included freedom of thought, audits and criticisms of government's operation, political awakening, and support from government and political parties. <br />3. The application of the Buddhist Good Governance principles in promoting the political participation of people in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province under the 7 principles of Aparihaniyadhamma was as follows: regular meetings, meeting with readiness, joint determination for political rules, respecting the president, respecting the women and the protection of the weak, the respect of the nation's place, and the preservation of Buddhism.</p> Ekkawin Asim Thachanan Issadet Surapon Suyaprom Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhistic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-27 2022-03-27 7 1 64 80 THE EFFECTS OF USING A COMPUTER-ASSISTED INSTRUCTION PROGRAM ON OPINION EXPRESSION WRITING FOR PROMOTING OPINION EXPRESSION WRITING ABILITY AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS THAI LANGUAGE LEARNING OF GRADE 5 STUDENTS IN SCHOOLS UNDER PHUKET PRIMARY EDUCATION SERVICE AREA OFFICE https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BSJ/article/view/253106 <p>This research aimed to 1) develop a computer-assisted instruction program on the opinion expression writing in Thai Language subject for Grade 5 students based on the pre-determined efficiency criterion, 2) compare the opinion expression writing ability of Grade 5 students who learned from the computer-assisted instruction program with the students who learned from traditional instruction, and 3) compare the attitude towards Thai language learning of Grade 5 students who learned from the computer-assisted instruction program with the students who learned from traditional instruction.<br />The sample group, obtained by multi-stage sampling, consisted of Grade 5 students of Wat Thep Nimit School under Phuket Primary Education Service Area Office during the academic year 2021 from two intact classrooms, 30 students for each. One classroom was randomly assigned as an experimental group, and the other classroom was the control group. The employed research instruments were 1) a computer-assisted instruction program on the topic of opinion expression writing in the Thai Language, 2) learning management plans for the instruction using the computer-assisted instruction program, 3) learning management plans for traditional instruction, 4) a learning achievement test on opinion expression writing ability, and 5) a scale to assess attitude towards Thai language learning. <br />Statistics employed for data analysis were average, standard deviation, and T-test dependent. <br /><strong>The research showed that:</strong><br />1. The developed computer-assisted instruction program was efficient at 81.57/81.87, higher than the 80/80 efficiency criterion.<br />2. The opinion expression writing ability of the group of students who learned from the computer-assisted instruction program was higher than the counterpart ability of students who learned from traditional instruction at the .01 level of statistical significance. <br />3. The attitude towards Thai language learning of the group of students who learned from the computer-assisted instruction program was higher than the counterpart attitude of the group of students who learned from traditional instruction at the .01 level of statistical significance.</p> กนกวรรณ สุมน Suwannee Yahakorn Apirak Anaman Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhistic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-27 2022-03-27 7 1 95 108 A STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND EFFECTIVENESS OF STUDENT AFFAIRS ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE EDUCATION SERVICE AREA OFFICE SECONDARY SCHOOL DISTRICT 12 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BSJ/article/view/253449 <p>This research aimed to study transformational leadership, the effectiveness of student affairs administration, the relationship between transformational leadership and the effectiveness of student affairs administration, and construct a forecast equation for the relationship between transformational leadership and schools’ effectiveness of student affairs administration. The sample group was school administrators and 260 teachers who are the heads of student affairs administration. The sample size was stratified. The tool was a questionnaire. The statistics used were percentage, mean, standard deviation, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression statistics. <br /><strong>The research showed that:</strong> <br />1. Overall, transformational leadership was at a high level. The highest average was the motivational aspect, and the lowest average was the consideration of individuality. <br />2. Overall, the effectiveness of the student affairs administration of the educational institutions was at a high level. When considering each aspect, the highest average was student activities, and the lowest average was the guidance aspect. <br />3. Overall, the correlation between transformational leadership and the schools’ effectiveness of student affairs administration was positive at a high level. The level of statistical significance was 0.01. <br />4. For the forecasting equation, the ideological influence (X2) and the consideration of individuality (X3) were able to predict the effectiveness of the student affairs administration of the educational institutions with a statistical significance at the 0.01 level. The ideological influence (X2) and the consideration of individuality (X3) jointly predicted the transformational leadership and the effectiveness of student affairs administration at 71.5%.</p> Sorawit Phetphumiphat Jutiporn Assawasowan Surapong Uasiripornrit Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhistic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-27 2022-03-27 7 1 109 122 GUIDELINES FOR ADMINISTRATION OF FIX IT CENTER BASE ON PARTICIPATION METHOD OF THE COLLEGES UNDER NAKHON SI THAMMARAT VOCATIONAL EDUCATION COLLEGE https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BSJ/article/view/254067 <p>This qualitative research aimed to 1) study the condition of Fix IT Center of the colleges under the vocational education in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province using the interview for 15 stakeholders, 2) study the participatory administration of Fix IT Center of the colleges under the vocational education in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province using in-depth interview for 4 experts, and 3) present a participatory administration of Fix IT Center of the colleges under the vocational education in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province using the focus group discussion of 7 experts. <br /><strong>The research showed that:</strong><br />1. For the condition of Fix IT Center on repair activities, there were problems as follows: in coordinating with the community, insufficient budget, not enough service personnel, inappropriate service time, inappropriate compensation, and lack of motivation.<br />2. The guidelines of the participatory administration of Fix IT Center were as follows: the first aspect was choosing an area for community service, the second was project operation, the third was scheduling appropriate activities, the fourth was managing the budget which was allocated, and the fifth was planning the compensation and building motivation. <br />The participatory administration, which was practical, appropriate, and valuable, was presented as the guideline of the Fix IT Center of the colleges under the vocational education in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. The guidelines were from the experts' suggestions gained from the focus group discussion, keeping with the draft of the participatory administration of Fix It Center. The study showed that this method was practical in the participatory administration of the Fix IT Center of the colleges under the vocational education in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province.</p> Chaiyan Khwanhua Teeraphong Somkhaoyai Samit Onkhong Maliwan Yotharak Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhistic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-27 2022-03-27 7 1 135 148 ADMINISTRATORS’ ETHICAL LEADERSHIP AFFECTING DESIRED CHARACTERISTICS OF STUDENTS UNDER NAKHON SI THAMMARAT PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 4 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BSJ/article/view/254079 <p>The study aimed to study administrators' ethical leadership affecting the desired characteristics of students under Nakhon Si Thammarat Primary Educational Service Area Office 4. This research used a survey research model. The population used in this research was 1,437 teachers under Nakhon Si Thammarat Primary Educational Service Area Office 4. A simple group was selected from 304 teachers, and the research tools consisted of questionnaires and an interview form for development guidelines. The statistics used for data analysis were percentage, mean, standard deviation, and multiple regression analysis.<br /><strong>The results showed that:</strong><br />1. overall, the ethical leadership of administrators was at the highest level. When considering each aspect, loyalty and good citizenship had the highest average, followed by honesty, and fairness had the lowest average. The desired characteristics of the students were generally at a high level. When considering each aspect, love nation, religion, and the monarchy had the highest average, followed by honesty and integrity. The aspect with the lowest average was seeking to know and living based on sufficiency.<br />2. The ethical leadership of administrators in honesty, responsibility, and good citizenship affected the desired characteristics of the students.<br />3. The guidelines for developing the ethical leadership of school administrators that affect students' desired characteristics in loyalty, fairness, honesty, responsibility, and good citizenship were as follows: the administrators should behave with care, be willing to work, respecting to the privacy of others, having fairness in the administration, performing duties with honesty and sincerity, giving priority to public interest over self-interest. </p> Akarat Iadkaew Teeraphong Somkhaoyai Prapalad Kosit Kosito Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhistic Sociology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-27 2022-03-27 7 1 149 163