The Journal of International Association of Buddhist Universities (JIABU) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu <p><strong>ISSN: 1906-8190 (Print) </strong></p> <p><strong>ISSN: 2697-5068 (Online)</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Aims and Scope:</strong></p> <p><em>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</em>The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Universities is an academic journal published twice a year (1<sup>st</sup> &nbsp;issue January-June, 2<sup>nd</sup> &nbsp;issue July-December). &nbsp;It aims to promote research&nbsp;and disseminate&nbsp;academic and&nbsp;research&nbsp;articles for&nbsp;researchers, academicians, lecturers, and graduate students. The Journal focuses on Buddhism, Sociology, Liberal Arts and Multidisciplinary of Humanities and Social Sciences. &nbsp;All the articles published are peer-reviewed by at least two experts.</p> <p><em>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</em>The articles, submitted for The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Universities, should not be previously published or under consideration of any other journals. The author&nbsp;should carefully&nbsp;follow the submission&nbsp;instructions of&nbsp;The Journal of&nbsp;the International Association of Buddhist Universities including the reference style and format.</p> <p><em>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</em>Views and&nbsp;opinions expressed in the&nbsp;articles published by&nbsp;The Journal of&nbsp;the International Association of Buddhist Universities, are of responsibility by such authors but not the editors and do not necessarily reflect those of the editors.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>Views and opinions expressed in the articles published by The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Universities (JIABU),&nbsp;are of responsibility by such authors but not the editors and do not necessarily reflect those of the editors.</p> weerasak.su@mcu.ac.th (Ven. Phra Weerasak Suwannawong) weerasak.su@mcu.ac.th (Ven. Phra Weerasak Suwannawong) Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Preface https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205677 <p>This publication of volume 12 No.1 could not have been possible without<br>the persistence, hard work, and dedication of MCU’s scholars, Buddhist’s Scholars<br>worldwide and IBSC staff. Ven. Prof. Dr. Phrarajapariyatkavi and his team supervise<br>communication and collection of the paper. Director of the IABU Secretariat Office,<br>Venerable Assoc. Prof. Dr. Phramaha Hansa Dhammahaso and his team produce<br>a decent format and design. We wish to also thank all members of the Executive<br>Council and the Editorial Committee for their devotion. We are also grateful to our<br>many sponsors of the last World Mindfulness Forum during 15 May 2019, the IABU<br>Executive Secretary Venerable Khammai Dhammasami, the academic team of IABUMCU for their assistance, particularly Ven. Phra Weerasak Jayadhammo – for his<br>kind dedication and editing, we would also like to welcome James Featherstone and<br>Samaneri Daria Mikheeva who joined the team for an Internship in Academic Works<br>at JIABU.</p> Weerasak Suwannawong Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205677 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Good Citizenship in the 21st Century Democratic Society https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/208987 <p>Being a citizen does not mean we should just let things happen to us, gone are<br>the days when people think in hierarchies; currently, the people of a country think in<br>networks and expect governments to be another node within that network. This 21st century<br>is undergoing a far-reaching change. Today, we are understanding what good citizenship<br>under democracy means while creating new ways to employ it. Therefore, a good citizen<br>in this democratic society should possess freedom and be able to rely upon themselves.<br>Moreover, they must use their liberty and rights responsibly, respect the liberty and rights of<br>others, value the differences, respect equality, obey the rules, do not solve the problems by<br>using violence, realize that they are part of the society, be responsible for the community<br>at large, have a public mind and be enthusiastic to take responsibility or be part of social<br>development.</p> Winit Pharcharuen Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/208987 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Doctrine of Perception in Buddhism https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/216911 <p>In the Indian classical epistemology major and, perhaps the most controversial<br>issue is the etymology of perception. Most of the Indian philosophical schools accept<br>perception as the primary means of knowledge, but differ on the nature, kinds, and objects<br>of perceptual knowledge. The Buddhist epistemology which is known as pramāna is the<br>study of right knowledge which is classified into two perception (pratyakṣa) and inference<br>(anumāna). Perception or pratyakṣa was declared as direct knowledge while anumāna was<br>understood as indirect knowledge.<br>The perceptual objects such as svabha, svalaksaṇa, self or the particular nature of the<br>object etc. and whether the external world truly exists or not—all these issues were crucially<br>debated, disputed during the period of Northern Main Buddhist stream or Nikāya Buddhism<br>within and out of the Buddhist schools. All these factors are indirectly and directly related<br>to the concept of perception. This paper will broadly focus on the doctrinal controversies<br>such as what can we know, and how we know it i.e. direct and indirect perception among<br>the different Buddhist schools.</p> Mokesh Barua Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/216911 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 A SWOT Analysis for Nontraditional security on Cyber Security Between China and Thailand https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217157 <p>This research paper analyzed nontraditional security on cybersecurity between China<br>and Thailand for mutual security benefits which used a SWOT analysis method. The new<br>global non-security has been shaped by internet technology. Hence, many criminals have<br>been using internet technology such as social media and telecommunication for terrorism,<br>telecommunication fraud, and credit card have increased over past three years. This research<br>paper was qualitative research by conducted document review based on non-traditional<br>theory and strategic planning (SWOT analysis). The result of the SWOT analysis found<br>that the strength of both China and Thai relationship had strong. The weakness was China<br>and Thailand military have conducted some operation in non-traditional security in multilevels for a shot period which was not continued. While the major opportunity were relied<br>on civilian especially Chinese tourist and economic cooperation. The threats were main<br>player counties such as United States and Japan dominate in economy and military power.<br>Also ASEAN community which was has a conflict with China in case of South China<br>Sea. Moreover, they did not have strategic plan for non-traditional security. Therefore, for<br>a long term security China and Thailand need to initiate a strategic plan by set up formal<br>Sino-Thai transnational organization for non-traditional security for bilateral beneficial</p> Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217157 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Role of Kispasaran Buddhist Mission Darjeeling (K.B.M.D) in Preparing the Good Youth Behavior for Darjeeling Run by Ven. Dhamm Dhiroo and PemaWangdi https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217248 <p>Human Resource development is essential for the progress of any country in the world. Human resource development has become synonymous with the development process of a country in preparing human resource. It should no longer postpone further the achievement of the goal of education for all. It should be addressed urgently as the basic learning need according to A.P.J. Abdul Kalam “the country doesn’t deserve anything less than success from us, let us aim for success.<br>This article is related to Role of K.B.M.D in preparing the behavior of the good youth toward Darjeeling. The objectives of this study paraphrase on the background of K.B.M.D., the role of 1.1.1.D it is run by Ven. Dhamma Dhiroo in preparing the good youth behavior and the achievement of ex-students of K.B.M.D into Darjeeling and India. The descriptive survey and document analysis were used for this study, the purposive sampling was done, structural interview and participant observation has been chosen for tool and data collection. The result of this study was found that: the K.B.M.D is an NGO, it called to the mission was found by Dhamma Viriyo Mahathero for taking care of the child in need from Below Poverty Line (BPL). The role of K.B.M.D in preparing the behavior of the good youth according to the Buddhist way in other hands, Tri-Sikkha (Three Fold Training). It is applied for management. The ex-students can surveillance themselves and help society in many dimensions.</p> Natthapong Panichsiri Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217248 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Paths to Attaining Enlightenment in Theravāda and Mahāyāna Buddhism and Their Application into Daily Life https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201193 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The article aims to demonstrate the Paths to attaining Enlightenment in Theravāda and Mahāyāna schools leading to the same highest goal in Buddhism, the Theravāda school is the practice of thirty-seven Factors of Enlightenment to achieve Arahantship, nevertheless the Mahāyāna school emergence is the practice of the Bodhisattva Path through the complete Perfections (Pāramitās) to attaining Buddhahood. As a result, the harmonization of the Arahant Path and the Bodhisattva Path is the sacrifice of Arahant and Bodhisattva lives to bring compassion and loving kindness in serving others in the world as the way of the Buddhist Paths attaining enlightenment applies into daily life. After all, through a drawing of both Paths in Buddhism, it illustrates a comprehensive of the Paths to attaining enlightenment in Theravāda and Mahāyāna Buddhism and the application leading to happiness and peacefulness in daily life.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> TRAN THI BINH Copyright (c) 2019 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201193 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Evolution of Early Chinese Buddha Figures https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201233 <p>The Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha compose the Triple Gem in all Buddhist traditions<br>(Theravada, Mahayana and Vajrayana), and the Buddha figure, image or statue usually<br>represent the Lord Buddha after his <em>Mahaparinirvana</em>. However, Buddha figures evolved<br>in different cultures and developed in various styles influenced by the Buddhism that was<br>introduced into and practiced in those different cultures.<br>The aim of this article is to study the evolution of early Chinese Buddha figures that<br>were produced over the period of the Eastern Han Dynasty (25 B.C. – 220 A.D.) and though<br>to end of the Tang Dynasty (618 A.D. – 907 A.D.). This period was important because it<br>was during this time that Buddhism developed and transformed from being a cultural import<br>into something more uniquely Chinese in style. This adaptation into a real Chinese form<br>of Buddhism can be seen in the areas of sutra translation, Buddhist teachings and Buddha<br>figures. This article is mainly focused on the characteristics of Chinese Buddha figures, such<br>as roble style, facial features, and hairstyles during this early time of evolution. The article<br>also examines the factors that influenced the evolution of early Chinese Buddha figures;<br>these factors caused the Buddha figures to gradually change in appearance.</p> Chang Yuan Zang, Nantakorn Piyabhani, Sanu Mahathanadull Copyright (c) 2019 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201233 Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 An Analytical Study of the Pattern of Teaching Insight Meditation of the Most Venerable Paṇḍitārāma Shwe Taung Gon Sayādaw U Paṇḍitābhivaṁsa https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201246 <p>The aims of this paper are: 1) to analyze of the pattern of Insight Meditation in<br>Theravāda Buddhism, 2) to study the life and the works of the Most Ven Paṇḍitārāma<br>Shwe Taung Gon Sayādaw, 3) to study of the Pattern of teaching Insight Meditation of the<br>Most Ven Paṇḍitārāma Shwe Taung Gon Sayādaw. This research methodology based on<br>the life and work of the Most Venerable Paṇḍitārāma Shwe Taung Gon Sayādaw. Needless<br>to say, the Most Ven. Paṇḍitārāma Shwe Taung Gon Sayādaw established many meditation<br>centers around the world, and he had a great skill to teach Vipassana meditation. So that<br>the number of Buddhist practitioner from the West as well as the East follow his footsteps<br>on the Dhamma. Meticulous research from this study finds an instruction of Meditation<br>Methods to Meditator, the rules of Meditation Center and Disciples of the Most Sayādaw.</p> Nun Sudassanā, Sanu Mahathanadull Copyright (c) 2019 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201246 Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Concept of Bodhicitta in Mahāyāna Sūtras https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201247 <p>This paper is a contribution to the study of the interpretation of the concept of<br><em>Bodhicitta</em>. This concept is a technical term of frequent occurrence in Buddhist Sanskrit<br>literature. Within the Mahayana Buddhist tradition, <em>Bodhicitta </em>is closely related to the spiritual<br>practices of the Buddhist aspirant to enlightenment. The form of this study is as follows:<br>first, the meaning of <em>cittta </em>in Therevada and Mahayana sutras, and the actual meaning if<br><em>Bodhicitta</em>. Secondly, the meaning of <em>Bodhicitta </em>depicted in Mahāyāna Sūtras. Lastly, the<br>Metaphors and Similes on <em>Bodhicitta </em>in the Mahāyāna Sūtras, and the types of <em>Bodhicitta</em>.<br>Such studies and practice could bring one to the realization that what is described by it is<br>indeed the only possible reality. This means that <em>Bodhicitta </em>is the means to as well as the<br>description of the goal to attain.</p> Gayleg Tenzin, Anon Ānando Copyright (c) 2019 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201247 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 A Buddhist Well-Being Model and Its Contribution to a Society https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201251 <p>This research article applies mixed methods between qualitative and quantitative<br>approaches. At the first stage, the qualitative approach is employed in terms of documentary<br>review of literature and the in-depth interview of twelve key informants. At the second stage,<br>the quantitative approach is applied to survey research using the questionnaires constructed<br>based on information from the interview and documentary research, including data analyses<br>and inquiry of Buddhist factors for well-being on observation, n=460 people, from 20-59<br>years old. Statistics used in research include percentage, arithmetic mean (X ¯), standard<br>deviation <em>(</em>S.D.), T-Test, F-Test, Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation, and Multiple<br>Regression Analysis. The findings show that the three Buddhist factors—sīla, samādhi,<br>paññā—can the mostly explain well-being of working age people in the Bangkok Metropol<br>area 56 % at the level of significance of .001 (p&lt;.001). A Model of Buddhist Well-Being<br>with this Threefold Training as the Buddhist explanatory variables and the theoretical base<br>for the development of the human being spirituality and behaviour will contributes the greatest<br>benefits to the society.</p> Chompoonuch Changcharoen, Soontaraporn Techapalokul Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201251 Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Concept and Practices of Mahayana Buddhist Vegetarianism in Vietnamese Society https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201252 <p>The objectives of this paper are 1) to study the concept of vegetarianism in<br>Mahayana Buddhist canon; 2) to study the concept and practice of Mahayana Buddhist<br>Vegetarianism in Vietnamese society and 3) to analyze the roles of Mahayana Buddhist<br>vegetarian in Vietnamese society. This qualitative study rotate issue on the concept and<br>the practice of Mahayana Buddhist Vegetarianism in Vietnam society.<br>The study is also found that it is not necessary for one to be a vegetarian in order<br>to become a Buddhist. Buddhist motivations for abstaining from meat-eating draw from a<br>wide range of traditions. Theravada tradition emphasizes non-harming, Right Livelihood, and<br>detachment; Mahayana tradition highlights interdependence, Buddha-nature, and compassion.</p> Ngo Dinh Bao Hiep, Sanu Mahathanadull Copyright (c) 2019 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201252 Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Gestalt Interpretation of Ego and Dependent Origination https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201253 <p>Buddhist translators and teachers commonly use the term ‘ego’ to depict and<br>elucidate Buddhist concepts. But when we examine how they use the term it is found to<br>be poorly defined and of many divergent meanings. In the psychological sense, according<br>to the standard Freudian interpretation, ego has a very clear, specific meaning, which is<br>very different to the way people commonly understand. At the same time as Freud was<br>popularizing his theories, another school of psychology called Gestalt also had an alternative<br>ego theory. In this paper will be analyzed the meaning of ‘ego’ as Freud intended it, how<br>it is commonly interpreted by non-psychologists, and how the Gestalt school understood it.<br>Each definition will be compared to Buddhism to find the common and divergent points.<br>Finally will be shown how the Gestalt interpretation fits with dependent origination.</p> Pandit Cittasaṃvaro, Phra Rajaparipattimuni Copyright (c) 2019 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/201253 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Promoting the Buddhist Five Precepts of People of Mahar Aung Myay Township, Mandalay, Myanmar https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205678 <p>This research article is aiming to promote of the Buddhist Five Precepts of people<br>of Mahar Aung Myay Township, Mandalay, Myanmar in order to encourage people’s<br>consciousness of morality to lead the society to living a good life and peaceful cohabitation.<br>In fact, the Five Precepts are the essential of all good qualities and the fulfi llment of higher<br>stages of concentration and wisdom. It also upholds whatever wholesome states one already<br>has. This qualitative research article involves in-depth interviews of fi ve key informants<br>and 100 research participants for data concerning demographical characteristics and for<br>the promotion of moral values of people of the Township mentioned in this paper. The<br>results show that there is a higher tendency of people to break the precepts during the last<br>couple of years (2017-2018) due to the continuous stimulation on such human natures as<br>greed, avariciousness, and wants by mainly capitalism, and materialism. Besides, an indepth interview gives informative knowledge about the causes of decline moral values and<br>the way to promote moral values of their people in the township. In addition, the use of<br>Training Program as an approach to promote moral values of people is successful. About<br>26 participants or 26% of total 100 participants drink alcohol, and 12 persons have decided<br>to stop drinking alcohol. Nevertheless, in Buddhism the Five Precepts are not for the sake<br>of morality alone, they are for the base concentration and wisdom.</p> Venerable Vajira Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205678 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Life of Recluseship and Right Livelihood https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205684 <p>The aim of this research paper is to explore the life of recluseship and delineate<br>the notion of right livelihood from Buddhist perspectives. According to the Theravāda<br>Buddhism, Magadha was considered as the center of religious life and speculation. Needless<br>to say, Magadha was less favored by Orthodox Brahmins rather than North West of India.<br>Those who directly opposed to the Brahmins and their way of life came to be referred by<br>the general term Paribbājaka, which means wandering recluses. However, the recluses have<br>to be faced with the task of sustaining of bodies in order to last long precious human lives<br>and to practice the <em>Dhamma</em>. In this regard, a question might be occurred on the notion of<br>right livelihood for the life of recluseship. The Buddha provides a clear instruction on the<br>right livelihood for the Saṅgha Order in the context of ancient Indian society. Henceforth,<br>the researcher would like to explore the meaning of recluseship, right-livelihood, and how<br>to practice moral discipline regarding to livelihood as a recluse or a monk.</p> Venerable Sandarwara Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205684 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Human Personality Development: An Integration Method of Psychoanalysis and Theravāda Buddhism Perspective https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205691 <p>The main objectives of this research paper are to discuss on the concept of human<br>personality development and propose an integration method of human personality development<br>from Psychoanalysis and Theravāda Buddhist perspectives. This is a qualitative research<br>methodology used primarily document, research reports. During the course of this work,<br>the fi ndings of the revolutionary theory of psychoanalysis and it is indeed a great idea in<br>human personality. Sigmund Freud’s perspective of human personality is a grand theory to<br>explain from the interactions among what he proposed as the three fundamental structures<br>of the human mind: the id, ego, superego and the consciousness, the pre-consciousness<br>and the unconsciousness. Meticulous research delves into the origins and course of human<br>personality development, the nature of mind, the abnormal aspects of personality and how<br>human personality development can be changed by psychotherapy.</p> Thi Bich Luy Dinh Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205691 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Impact of Political and Cultural Trends on the Spread of Buddhism in Russia https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205730 <p>Buddhism in Russia was known as a traditional religion of several ethnic minorities<br>from the 17th century A.D. and since then has been influenced by complex cultural and<br>political processes. Not least, religion in Buddhist regions and interest in Buddhism among<br>people from non-Buddhist backgrounds throughout history was heavily influenced, if not<br>defined, by the state. This article examines how Buddhism is represented within the framework<br>of multi-ethnic and multi-confessional state, and which trends in cultural and political life<br>had the major influence that shaped its modern appearance. While territorial expansion<br>and political agenda in the East had encouraged oriental studies and brought first research<br>dedicated to the Buddhist teaching and culture, the hardline anti-religious policy during the<br>times of the Soviet Union led to the suspension of Buddhism-related research and destruction of<br>the traditional Buddhist culture in the three Buddhist regions of Buryatia, Kalmykia, and Tuva.<br>For three decades now, the country is experiencing a period of religious revival, which<br>involves not only traditional religions but a diversity of religious groups that historically<br>have never existed within Russian borders.</p> Daria Mikheeva Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205730 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 An Action Research of UG5 Retreat Programs on Enhancing the Noble Eightfold Path https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205737 <p>According to what the Buddha taught, every Buddhist followers can practice the<br>Buddha’s teaching in order to escape all of the sufferings and attain the genuine happiness<br>that is nirvana. However, the way of understanding could be affected by people’s background<br>and environment. It is needed to have some ideas suitable for the modern lifestyle, and let<br>people without any religious belief also can accept them easily. UG5 is the shortened<br>form of Universal Goodness Five. It is a very new good concept that means the five<br>kinds of universal goodness including cleanliness, orderliness, politeness, punctuality, and<br>concentration. In this research, the concepts of UG5 was used to develop a series of retreat<br>programs, and all of these retreat programs aimed to let the trainees enhance their practice<br>of the Noble Eightfold Path. The objects of this research are to design and act the UG5<br>retreat programs for enhancing the Noble Eightfold Path practice in daily life.</p> Kan-ju Huang Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205737 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Sectarian Thoughts Alternations among Different Versions of the Prajñāpāramitāhṛdaya, the Heart Sūtra, until the Time of the Yogācāra School https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205739 <p>By the variants found in the textual expression among different versions of the<br>Pra jñāpāramitāhṛdaya, the Heart Sūtra, this article tried to ask and answer the questions<br>which nobody has asked before in the academic field: Why the extant Sanskrit texts are<br>treated as the original form? If they are something that has been altered, in what sense<br>that they can be used as the base of comparison? Simply speaking, how do we know that<br>they are the most primitive appearance? By some basic arguments and the study of the two<br>crucial differences among different versions of the Sūtra, the researcher discovered that the<br>scripture had been undergoing a chain of alternations due to sectarian thoughts differences<br>between schools. The earlier version consists of thoughts of the Mādhyamika school was<br>later altered into a form which is correlated to the doctrinal ideas of the Yogā cāra school.<br>These ideas involved the concept of seeds, Ālayavijñāna, its related aspects as well as the<br>Three-natures. All of these ideas are the core doctrines of the Yogācārian teachings which<br>gave them no choice but to delete the Mādhyamikan sole acceptable sentences in the original<br>Sūtra. The extant Sanskrit text also shows such alternations which means it is without a doubt<br>belong to the product of the later stage of Buddhism development.</p> Ven. Kar Lok Ng, Anon Ānando Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205739 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 A Study of the Five Precepts Regulation for the young at Bat Mau temple, Hanoi, Vietnam https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205753 <p>The article aims is to study the fi ve Precepts regulation for the young at Bat Mau<br>temple, Hanoi, Vietnam. The objectives of the study are classifi ed into three categories as<br>the following: 1). To study the state of the problems of Five precepts practically at Bat Mau<br>temple, 2). To study an essential and training process of Five precepts for the young, and<br>3). To propose the fi ve precepts regulation for the young at Bat Mau temple, Hanoi in<br>Vietnam. As a result, the researcher found that young still have a lack of knowledge of<br>cultivation Five precepts and Basic Buddhism. After all, fi ve precepts are very potential for<br>the young to practice practically in their daily life. The Five Precepts are hugely helpful<br>for young to enhance or uplift to reveal and develop their moral life.</p> Bhikkhuni Cao Thi Bich Diep Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205753 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 An Analytical Study on Pure Land Concept in Mahāyāna Buddhism: A Case Study of Junto Society in Korea https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205760 <p>This paper aims to review Jungto Society, a dynamic modern movement to see<br>if it follows the Buddha’s teachings. All materials were analyzed in a systematic and<br>academic way for a better understanding of Pure Land teaching and its application in Jungto<br>Society, Korea. The research shows that Pure Land teaching with its root in Mahāyāna<br>must always be understood from Mahāyāna trikaya teaching. Main Mahāyāna concepts of<br>Interconnectedness, Dependent Co-arising = ‘sunyata, Pure/ Original Mind, Non-duality<br>in practice and the Bodhisattva Path are also to be considered. Pure Land teaching is<br>dynamic and adapts its practice through changing times and needs. The study shows that<br>Jungto Society is a modern example of reinterpretation for Dependent Origination, Four<br>Noble Truths, Eight Noble Path, Tilakhana and Bodhisattva path in Mahāyāna.<br>The results of the study indicate how the concept of Pure Land and its later day<br>innovation are taught by Jungto Society. The Pure Land foundational sūtras, the background<br>of Jungto Society, its Buddhist activities, impact and contributions on Korean society were<br>examined.</p> Young Jin Park Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/205760 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Conflict Management by Buddhist Peaceful Means of Loving-kindness (metta) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/208965 <p>This paper aims to present the conflict management by Buddhist peaceful means of<br>loving-kindness. This studying applies the Buddhist perspective on the causes of conflict,<br>ways to manage on conflict and realizing the peace by practical ways of loving-kindness,<br>modern approach of Buddhist loving-kindness and mindfulness meditation. So, the researcher<br>will explore the potentials of loving-kindness and Buddhist contributions to the peacemaking<br>efforts of peace in the present day. The Buddhist loving-kindness and mindfulness can<br>be utilized as a conflicts resolution in human society. Loving-kindness is one of the best<br>things among the four sublime Dhamma and it is a solution of conflicts which is non-violent<br>intervention. The Buddhist outlook is premature in accordance with the insights of peace<br>studies that are the process of peace and insistence of peace. And, the holistic framework of<br>peace would play a vital role in the efforts of bringing the culture of peace into existence<br>in the world. Therefore, the researcher will explore conflict management by Buddhist<br>loving-kindness and mindfulness in human societies.</p> Venerable Neminda Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/208965 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Role of Psychology in the Doctrine of Dependent Origination from Various Schools of Buddhist Thought https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/208971 <p>The concept of Dependent Origination (paṭiccasamuppāda) is so deep and profound<br>that it plays important teaching in Buddhism. The Buddha himself praised those who<br>could understand the theory of causation through intensive observation of suffering, training<br>of insight, absorption of knowledge and seeing the truth as it is. Apart from the Buddha’s<br>presentation of the teaching of Dependent Origination, it was also skillfully ascribed by the<br>Buddha’s immediate pupils and subsequent eminent Buddhist scholars, such as Nāgārjūna<br>(2nd Century CE.) and Buddhaghosa (5th Century CE.). The Buddha and his disciples’<br>interpretation of the doctrine of Dependent Origination has appeared in the early Nikāya texts<br>of the Pāḷi traditions. Moreover, the framework for this seminal teaching appeared to the<br>Buddha during the period when he struggled for and later attained enlightenment. The doctrine<br>of Dependent Origination captured the Buddha’s vision, knowledge, and highest wisdom.<br>It provides the conceptual framework for Buddhist psychology which describes the origin<br>and cessation of suffering and how to wisely reflect on the mind (yoniso manasikāra). The<br>aim of this research paper is to describe the role of psychology in the doctrine of Dependent<br>Origination from various schools of Buddhist thought.</p> Sanjoy Barua Chowdhury Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/208971 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Building Sustainable Peace as depicted in Kutadanta Sutta https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/208974 <p>Human history has recorded the suffering of all sentient beings in wars. Therefore,<br>Peace is the burning desire of mankind, the virtue of civilization. Buddhism is a religion of<br>peace. In many Buddhist scriptures, the Buddha pointed the path that leads us to true Peace,<br>true Happiness. In Kutadanta Sutta, The Buddha guided how to build sustainable peace, from<br>inner peace to external peace, and finally absolute peace, Nibbana.<br>From Kutadanta Sutta, we can find ways to transform human suffering in the<br>present world. People are in need of a spiritual path, that teaching nonviolence, satisfaction,<br>compassion, generosity, and peace of mind.<br>This article suggests useful practical techniques to soothe anger, control desire and<br>create a harmonious relationship. Buddhism teaches us to nurture peace in the heart and<br>work to relieve the suffering of all people. Peace at the national as well as the global level<br>is only possible if we apply Buddhism to everyday life.</p> Do Le Anh Thi Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/208974 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Ceremony of Confession of Buddhism: A Study Based on the Records in the book of A Record of the Inner Law Sent Home from the South Seas 《南海寄歸內法傳》 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/208978 <p><em>A Record of the Inner Law Sent Home from the South Seas </em>was written by Yijing an<br>eminent monk who lived in Chinese Tang dynasty including forty chapters about Buddhist<br>Sangha life in the seventh century in the region of India and the Malay Archipelago. Such as<br>Vassa, the ceremony of chanting, the ordination and so on. The ceremony of confession is<br>one of the chapters of this book. In this chapter, Yijing introduced the ceremony of two kinds<br>of confessions, including the time, regulations, procedure of confession. This study aims at<br>providing an overview of the ceremony of confession the Buddhist Vinaya life based on the<br>records of the ceremony of confession in <em>A Record of the Inner Law Sent Home from the South</em><br><em>Seas</em>《南海寄歸內法傳》 of Yijing and the related records in Buddhist Vinayapiṭaka. The<br>results have shown that there are different records on the time of <em>Pavarana </em>in different school’s<br>Vinaya, but all of them are depending on the time of the Summer-Retreat. Yijing’s records on the<br>ceremony of <em>Uposatha have corresponded</em>&nbsp;with the records in Pāli Vinaya. The advantages of<br>the confession to Buddhism has been discussed as well.</p> Zhang Jingting Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/208978 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Belief and Practice of Dāna in Khmer Traditional Ceremonies https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/208980 <p>The purpose of this paper is to explore the Belief and Practice of Dāna of Khmer<br>People through their traditional ceremonies and to study generally the concepts and<br>significance of Dāna of Khmer People as well as the general practice dāna of them in Chol<br>Chnam Thmay Ceremony (Khmer New Year) and Bun Phchum Bind Saen Donta Ceremony<br>(gratitude to ancestors), and showing about the methods practice dāna that have a lot of<br>important benefits of Khmer people on the occasion of traditional ceremonies and relation<br>with Theravāda Buddhism.</p> Thach Hai Giang Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/208980 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The prime causes of the conflict and its resolutions with special reference to Mahānidānasutta https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/216931 <p>This research article aims to explore the prime causes of conflict and its resolution<br>with special reference to Mahānidānasutta and other relevant discourses. The methodology<br>of this research article is qualitative approach. Every human being faces with the problems<br>in the life time. Here the problem refers to the conflicts or suffering which were included<br>in part of life. The Mahānidānasutta came from dialogue between the Buddha and his<br>disciple Ananda, in conversation, Ven. Ananda said that depentorigination is too easy to<br>understand but the Buddha reply to him it was totally wrong, as dependent origination was<br>not easy to understand because depend origination is a key principle of Buddhist teachings<br>which states that all the Buddha teachings arise in dependence upon other “if this exists,<br>that exists; if this ceases to exist, that also ceases to exist”. The Buddha used the principle<br>of Dependent Origination to understand human suffering and how to bring that suffering<br>to an end. According to the principle, if suffering depends on something, and that thing<br>is eliminated, the suffering will come to an end. The Buddha understood the causes and<br>conditions of suffering and how to remove them. It is with this insight that the Buddha<br>could then teach a path to liberation. The study shows that five categories of areas mainly<br>have occurred the conflicts as root causes and finds resolutions as much as possible.</p> Venerable Zanaka Copyright (c) 2019 The Journal of International Association of Buddhist Universities (JIABU) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/216931 Thu, 19 Sep 2019 10:30:45 +0700 The Beliefs and Practices of Making Holy Water in Theravāda Buddhism https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217153 <p>In this article comprise the origin and development of making holy water in<br>Theravāda Buddhism and study the process of making holy water in Theravāda Buddhism<br>both Buddha’s time and present time. This examines how holy water influences the<br>Buddhist and their society. Firstly, the making of holy water in Theravāda Buddhism is<br>the Buddha’s strategy to make people get closer to religion practices; Water element is so<br>physically vital to all forms of life, the way of chanting <em>sutta </em>was introduced its pattern<br>until the chanting <em>Paritta </em>can heal people from mentally inside out, and with understanding<br>of the discourses in term of prevention, resolution, and therapy through recitation. The<br>evolution of the making holy water was the key to maintaining the moral support of the hearer<br>and Holy water must be connected to Dhamma water that is the core of Buddhism.</p> Phra Tai Issaradhammo Dhammakij Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217153 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Practice, Management and Key Successes of Mahāsī Meditation Centre https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217154 <p>This research article aims to spread the method of meditation taught by the late<br>Mahāsī Sayādaw for the sake of the people and share the Mahāsī Meditation Centre<br>how to manage the centre and why it becomes successful based on SWOT analysis. The<br>methodology of this research article is a qualitative approach including an in-depth interview<br>with the Centre Meditation Master and interview 60 practitioners. After Myanmar had an<br>independence on July 4, 1948 the role of the insight meditation became prosperous with<br>learning side by side. There are appeared many meditation centres which gave priority to<br>the insight meditation. Among them, the effective and earliest meditation centre was the<br>Mahāsī Meditation Centre headed by the Mahāsī Sayādaw. The Venerable Mahāsī Sayādaw<br>had delivered the insight meditation for 33 years. The method taught by Mahāsī Sayādaw<br>is satipaṭṭhāna that is good and right. The study shows that Mahāsī Sayādaw and Mahāsī<br>Meditation Centre are a benefit not only Myanmar people but also people around the world<br>who are interested in insight meditation. The practice, management, and key successes in<br>Mahāsī Meditation Centre in this article is to gain meditation benefits, to a successful<br>organization, and also key successes which support Mahāsī Meditation Centre to be a<br>successful one.</p> Venerable Vimala Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217154 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 The Effects of Buddhist Psychological Factors on the Resilience of Adolescents in Bangkok https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217159 <p>The aims of this research were to 1) investigate the concept of resilience in regard<br>to the western psychological paradigm and Buddhism 2) examine the statistical significance<br>of on the resilience of adolescents in Bangkok and 3) predict the effects of Buddhist<br>psychological factors on the resilience of adolescents in Bangkok.<br>This research is mixed methods Research. The first stage of the research is<br>qualitative research which aims to collect the variables and then design the instruments<br>in the quantitative research in the second stage. 12 key-informants were selected by using<br>purposive sampling. The sample population consists of 495 adolescents in Bangkok by<br>purposive sampling. The instrument of research was a tripartite questionnaire of which the<br>three parts were: 1) a part eliciting data concerning demographical characteristics; 2) a part<br>used to assemble data concerning Buddhist Psychological factors, and 3) a part utilized for<br>ascertaining resilience. Using techniques of descriptive statistics, the researcher analyzed<br>the data collected in terms of percentage, mean and standard deviation. The techniques of<br>t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) in addition to Person’s product-moment<br>correlation coefficient method and multiple regression analysis were also employed by the<br>researcher.<br>It was discovered that the most influential factors on the resilience of adolescents in the<br>Buddhist perspectives are Yoniso-manasikāra (Wise Reflection) (15.79%), Paratoghosa (the<br>Words of Others) (15.79%) , Sati (Mindfulness) (10.52%), and Viriya (Effort) (10.52%).<br>In the perspectives of modern psychologists, the influential factors on the resilience of<br>adolescents Parent-child bonding (9.09%) and Emotional-Regulation (9.09%). The inclusion<br>of the Buddhist psychological factors can predict the level of resilience displayed by the<br>adolescents in Bangkok understudy at 70 % at a statistically significant level of .001<br>(p&lt;.001).</p> Nadnapang Phophichit Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217159 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Buddhist Monk’s Well-being: Development of a Buddhist Based Well-being Promotion Model by Community Public Health Integration for Better Life Qualities in Chiang Rai province https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217253 <p>This research had the purpose to study the problem, model and development the model of Buddhist based well-being promotion model by community public health integration for better life qualities in Chiang Rai province. This research is qualitative research. The research tools were an in-deep interview and focus group, the data was analyzed by contents analysis. The research found: 1. The Buddhist monk’s well-being problem was there not in the level standard of government public organization. The behavior in eating high in fat food. They were not exercising. They did not take care of their health by frequency and not manage to be well of the environment near themselves. 2. The model in making and promoting by using 4 principles; promote, protect, threat, recovery. Also, 6 ways; food, emotion, air, sanitation, no disease and away from allurements which lead to ruin. 3. The development model in Buddhist based well-being promotion through Buddhist integrated was 4 principles with Pavana 4 and knowledge was the integration in Pavana 4, 4 Principle in making and promoting, 6 ways that be the efficacy in Buddhist monk’s well-being.</p> Chaweewan Suwanapha Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217253 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Curriculum Quality Management with Quality Cycle and Four Iddhipadas in the Higher Education Institution https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217264 <p>This research aims, to study the importance of quality assurance within the curriculum in higher education institutions, both public and private, to study the qualification cycle of PDCA and the Four Iddhipadas related to quality assurance. Interviews with 36 experts, 400 questionnaires were conducted, the results follow.<br>The curriculum management shall be carried out in accordance with the standard curriculum. The quality cycle (PDCA). For the exercise of the Four Iddhipadas, Chanda is passionate and eager to do what is good for students. Viriya is patient and persevere. Citta is dedicated to quality management. Vimamsa to improve and further development in the next academic year. Opinions on the quality cycle. Including the high level was high, Planning highest average, Checking was high, Acting was average and Doing was the lowest. The opinions on the Four Iddhipadas, were the high-level average Viriya, had the highest level, Citta was the high level, Vimamsa is the high level, Chanda high-level average.<br>For the relationship between the opinion on the Quality Cycle and the Four Iddhipadas. By the conclusion, the relationship between the opinions of the sample and the performance of Quality Cycle and Four Iddhipadas are positive correlation were correlatively high levels.</p> Aphinant Chantanee Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217264 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 A Theoretical Model of Learning Process Based on Modern Educational Psychology and the Concept of Seed in Yogācāra Buddhism https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217266 <p>This qualitative research consists of three objectives: 1) to study the learning process in modern educational psychology; 2) to study the concept of Seed in Yogācāra Buddhism; 3) to propose a theoretical model of the learning process based on modern educational psychology and the concept of Seed in Yogācāra Buddhism. Findings show that theories in modern educational psychology have great disputes concerning the source of learning, the role of the learner and the faculty that enables learning. As the concept of Seed in Yogācāra Buddhism deals with the mechanism of the mind at a fundamental level, it helps the establishment of a theoretical model that explains learning process in an integral way in which Seeds and the manifest activities have an influence upon one another, known in this paper as Tri-interaction. As an extension, the model engages an effective learning process in which the function of Object Contingent and Wholesome Mental Factors is emphasized while that of the Unwholesome ones discouraged.</p> Ven. Hui Chen Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217266 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700 Living Buddha, Living Christ https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217270 <p>For over half a century, the remarkable contribution of Venerable Thich Nhat Hanh (Thây) in promoting social peace through mindfulness meditation practice and inter-religious dialogues cannot be overestimated. Sectarian strife which manifests into widespread tension and warfare in the history of humankind is all rooted in clinging on “self”, particularly self “views”. Religious exclusivism, thinking our own religious tradition is monopolizing the only Truth, is a tumor and culprit to the above strife. To remedy this, the religious leaders must be consciously lobbying commonalities and shared values among various religious teachings, respecting pluralism, and avoiding magnifying doctrinal confl icts. Thây’s long-term effort in promulgating religious understanding and tolerance has been widely noted, leading him to be nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize at his earlier career.</p> Ven. PJ Paññādīpa [Kah Poh Tan] Copyright (c) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Jiabu/article/view/217270 Wed, 15 May 2019 00:00:00 +0700