Journal of Buddhist Education and Research https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jber <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;วารสารนี้ เป็นของมหาวิทยาลัยมหาจุฬาลงกรณราชวิทยาลัย วิทยาเขตขอนแก่น มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อตีพิมพ์เผยแพร่บทความด้านพระพุทธศาสนา ปรัชญา การศึกษา มนุษยศาสตร์ สังคมศาสตร์ และสหวิทยาการกับสาขามนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์ ของนักวิชาการ นักวิจัย อาจารย์ นิสิต นักศึกษาและประชาชนทั่วไป&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> มหาวิทยาลัยมหาจุฬาลงกรณราชวิทยาลัย วิทยาเขตขอนแก่น en-US Journal of Buddhist Education and Research 2586-9434 AN ANALYSIS OF DEIXIS IN SPEECHES OF FAMOUS AMERICANS https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jber/article/view/254789 <p>The purposes of the study were to analyse the types of deixis, their frequencies, and the context of the deixis in speeches of famous Americans. Deictic and idiomatic expressions in the speeches were also interpreted. In conducting the research, both descriptive qualitative approach as well as quantitative data analysis methods were used to analyse in great detail the different types of deixis namely, person deixis, spatial or place deixis, temporal or time deixis, social deixis and discourse deixis and their usages in contextual situations in the select speeches. The research data included one speech each of six famous Americans: Barack Obama (Speech 1), Michelle Obama (Speech 2), Hillary Clinton (Speech 3), Steve Jobs (Speech 4), Oprah Winfrey (Speech 5) and Dwayne Johnson (Speech 6).</p> <p>Following the traditional understanding and analysis of deixis in the works of pioneers in the field like Fillmore, Lyons and Levinson, in this research qualitative analysis is done in a very detailed manner so as to provide contextual information of all the five types of deixis in each speech. The qualitative descriptive analysis indicates how each speaker has used deixis in a very professional way to motivate their audience and to draw attention to the ideas that the speaker intended to put across before the addressee-/participant-audience. The analysis clearly shows that the frequency in the use of deixis is actually governed to a great extent by the content of the speeches and the speakers’ intention and purpose behind delivering the speeches.</p> <p>For quantitative data analysis the AntConc 3.5.9 programme was used to identify and classify the deixis used in all the six speeches. The frequency of each deixis was calculated and expressed as a percentage. The quantitative data analysis clearly indicates that in each of the speeches person deixis is used with the highest frequency, followed by other deixis that varied from speech to speech.</p> <p>From the analysis it is clear that the deixis act like ‘sutures’ keeping the flow of ideas stitched in the pattern that each speaker intended to weave the content and messages in the speech with, thereby producing the intended effect on the audience.</p> Suriya Bunyarang Sooksil Prasongsook Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhist Education and Research 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 8 2 1 16 ANALYZE THE PERSONALITY OF CHARACTERS IN THE SHORT STORIES OF DEUANWAD PIMWANA https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jber/article/view/255564 <p> This documentary research study aimed to analyze the personality of the characters and to study the self-defence mechanisms of the 50 characters in 4 volumes of 47 short stories by Duanwad Pimwana by applying the Theories of Personality in the analysis, and the findings were presented in analytical descriptive method.</p> <p> The results of study were found that the personality of the characters from the highest to the lowest level consists of: 1) the life attitude 2) the love attitude 3) the social attitude 4) the family attitude and 5) the occupation.</p> <p> The self-defence mechanisms of the characters found that there were 15 types from the highest to the lowest level consists of: 1) the rationalization 2) the projection 3) the reaction formation 4) the repression 5) the fantasy 6) the denial 7) the substitution 8) the compensation 9) the identification 10) the sublimation 11) the introjection 12) the regression 13) the somatization 14) the dream and 15) the undoing.</p> <p> The study of the personality and self-defence mechanisms of the characters is the cross-disciplinary support by applying the psychological theory, which is the different fields of science, in the analysis of the characters in the literature to understand human behaviour because the character behaviour is like the mirror reflecting the current human society.</p> กรฎา สุขุม Sarita Patjusanon Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhist Education and Research 2022-09-01 2022-09-01 8 2 17 29 LEARNING ACTIVITIES ABOUT NONG KLAP STUDY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIV THINKING OF PRIMARY 6 STUDENTS USING LEARNING RESOURCES AT NONG KLAP TEMPLE, NONG BUA DISTRICT, NAKHORN SAWAN PROVINCE https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jber/article/view/260169 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;The objectives of this research is to study the present learning resource at Nong Klup temple, and to create learning activities with the title Nong Klup study for the development of creative thinking. This research is aqualitative research. Main informants consist of two groups. First group are clergy at Nong Klup Temple, community leaders, experienced teachers who teach social studies, religion and culture subject, Nong Klup temple administrative committee, local trainers and local experts. Second group are 61 students. Research area is Nong Klup subdistrict, Nong Buo District, Nakorn Sawan Province. Inductive data analysis was done using qualifying record. Reliability of the research was evaluated through triangular data collection method.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;From the research results, we found from the present situations and problems of learning management of social studies subject that student did not pay attention to learning in the classroom, teachers had limited teaching time, there was not any appropriate learning methods for Nong Klup temple study and there was not any learning activities using temple area to develop creative thinking. The learning activities called “Non Klup Study” were set up to emphasize the development of creative thinking of students using active learning process. Five learning bases were set up, including venerable Derm (previous highly respect abbot), local harmony, group ordination, color stone at Phra mountain, and abundant local museums. The research results were analyzed from 3 parts including appropriate learning resources, the ability to integrate various teaching subjects of teachers and creative works of students. The results were summarized in the form of learning guideline of Nong Klup temple study. The research process also made students be aware of learning resources nearby through the local awareness activities, and caused in part the enduring of knowledge, a path toward sustainable development.</p> Phrasamu Amonthep Wiangkieo Atchara Sriphan Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 8 2 30 45 CREATING A BUDDHIST ORIENTED IDENTITY FOR THE MENTAL HEALTH OF THE ELDERLY ROI ET PROVINCE https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jber/article/view/259611 <p>The research entitled the Creating a Buddhist Oriented Identity For the Mental health of the Elderly Roi Et Province has three objectives: 1) to study the Buddhist identity of elderly school Roi Et province. 2) To develop the model for creating the Buddhist identity for the mental health of the elderly Roi Et province. 3) To analyze the Buddhist identity of the mental health of the elderly Roi Et province.</p> <p>This is Mixed method research. It consists of Quantitative research by using a Questionnaire Semi Experimental Research, by using a questionnaire trial program which consists of knowledge training. Practicing Buddhist activities. The sample group use in researching is the elderly in the 4 schools. 1) Changhan Subdistrict Manicipality 51 person. 2) Buengngam Subdistrict Administrative Organization 52 person. 3) Thamuang Subdistrict Manicipalily 118 person. 4) Nongbuao Subdistrict Administrative Organization 200 person. Including 421 person. The Qualitative research by using in-dept interview from the key informants. To be qualified, local leader, elderly school administrators, village health volunteer and government representative. Whom involved in this research from the 4 elderly school; 12 person per school, Including 48 person, be analyzed synthesize information for the objective. The result of researching are:</p> <p>1) The school's Buddhist identity for the elderly Roi Et Province There are various educational activities. physical activity recreational activities bring the principles or methods of Buddhism to teach Learning is a matter of proving and experimenting to see how the continuous use of Buddhist teachings and activities to develop the mind and solve problems of the elderly can make them better. Not a burden to the community, family and society.</p> <p>2) To develop the model for creating a Buddhist identity for the mental health of the elderly Roi Et province. From the field visit, the most of elderly are agreed with to have the Buddhist activities into the activities of the elderly school. Which is the model for creating a Buddhist identity for the mental health of the elderly Roi Et province has 3 points; 1) Chanting, paying respect to monks, receiving precepts, including bowing the mind, praying for the triple gems, chanting for consider physic and loving kindness. 2) Meditation, including sitting meditation, walking meditation and setting the posture. 3) Listening to the sermon, including the impermanence of physical about purifying the mind and about happiness in the present.</p> <p><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">3) การวิเคราะห์อัตลักษณ์ทางพระพุทธศาสนาเพื่อสุขภาพจิตของผู้สูงอายุจังหวัดร้อยเอ็ด พบว่า สุขภาพจิตของผู้สูงอายุในกลุ่มตัวอย่างอยู่ในระดับกลาง หลังจากเข้าร่วมโครงการ พบว่า โดยรวมแล้วผู้สูงอายุมีอาการดีขึ้น ค่าเฉลี่ยความหวาดกลัวสุขภาพจิตมีนัยสำคัญทางสถิติที่ระดับ .05</span></span></p> Phra Natthawut Siricando/Srichan Phrakrupralad Sommai Attasitto Phrakru Sutaworathammakit Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Buddhist Education and Research 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 8 2 46 60 THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENGLISH LEARNING ACTIVITIES BY USING BOARD GAMES TO IMPROVE THE ENGLISHSPEAKING ABILITY FOR MATHAYOM 1 STUDENTS https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jber/article/view/260156 <p> The study’s purposes were 1) to establish and determine the effectiveness of English learning activities by using board games to improve the English speaking ability for Mathayom 1 students according to the criteria 75/75. 2) To try out of English learning activities through using game boards to improve the English speaking ability for Mathayom 1 students before and after class by using board games. 3) To study the satisfaction of Mathayom 1 students with learning activities by using board game as follows: The researcher followed the research processes of research and development. The sample group of 20 students in Mathayom 1, Semester 2, Year 2020 at Wat Phrao School. The sample group of students by Simple Random Sampling. The scope of the research tools were English learning activities by using board games, English speaking proficiency test and Satisfaction Survey. The statistics used for data analysis were percentage, mean, standard deviation and a one-group t-test one sample. Research findings were as follows;</p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> 1. English learning activities using board games to improve the English speaking ability for Mathayom1 students, the efficiency is 75.52/76.04, the criteria 75/75</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> 2.</span><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">Mathayom 1 students have English speaking ability after class by using English learning activities using board games to improve their English speaking ability for Mathayom1 students, they were 75% higher than the criteria at the level .05 and satisfied at the high level.</span></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Rapisa Kansook Jakkrit Jantakoon Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 8 2 61 71 THE DEVELOPMENT OF LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT AND FUTURE PROBLEM SOLVING FOR MATHAYOMSUKSA 1 STUDENTS https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jber/article/view/260157 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;This independent study purpose were: 1) to create and study the effectiveness Index of learning activities in the Future Problem Solving for Grade 7 students 2) to study of learning activities to future problem solving for Grade 7 students by learning level after using learning activities by the Future Problem Solving and compare ability of Future Problem Solving ".</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;The researcher use methodology method by research and development in 2 processes as follows, to create and study the effectiveness Index of learning activities in the Future Problem Solving for Grade 7 students 2) to study of learning activities to future problem solving for Grade 7 students with 20 students by 17 hours. The collect data was analyzed by mean standard deviation t-test for dependent and content analysis.</p> <p>The results of the study revealed that:</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;1. Learning activities in the Future Problem Solving for Grade 7 students were composition includes learning activity, purpose activity, content activity, process activity, instructional media activity, and measurement and evaluation, the learning activities in the future problem solving was suitable at high level (x̅) = 4.74, S.D.= 0.38) and the effectiveness was 0.5821</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;2. The results of Learning activities in the Future Problem Solving for Grade 7 Conclude as follows,</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;2.1 The ability in thinking of future problem solving for Grade 7 after using learning activities in the future problem solving was significantly higher at based on (percentage 75.63)</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 2.2 The ability in thinking of future problem solving for Grade 7 after using learning activities in the future problem solving were higher than the previous study with statistical Significance at .05 level.</p> Supranee Khampang Chaiwat Sutthirat Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 8 2 72 82 THE DEVELOPMENT OF LEARNING ACTIVITIES BY USING CASE BASD LEARNING THAT PROMOTE CAPACITY TO COPE WITH DISASTERS OF MATHAYOM 1 STUDENTS https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jber/article/view/260159 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;This research aims to 1) establish and determine the effectiveness of learning activities by using case-based learning that promote capacity for the natural disaster response of Mathayom 1 students according to the criteria 75/75 and 2) to study the effects of using learning activities as well as using case-based learning that promote their ability to cope with the natural disasters of students in Mathayom1 by comparing their knowledge about disasters before and after school with learning activities by using case-based learning and study the ability to prepare for disaster after school with learning activities by using case-based learning. The sample consisted of 15 Mathayomsuksa 1 students in the second semester of the academic year 2020 at the Sarit Sena Pittayakom School, Wang Thong District, Phitsanulok Province. Obtained by means of selection (purposive selection). Research tools include Case-based learning activities that enhance the ability to cope with disasters of students in Mathayomsuksa 1, the Disaster Knowledge Measurement Form and disaster preparedness measures The statistics used to analyze the data were mean, standard deviation.&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; T-test and percentage value</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The result found that</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;1. case-based learning activities that enhance the ability to cope with the natural disasters of Mathayom1 students developed learning activities were appropriate at the highest level ( = 4.74, S.D. = 0.45) and the efficiency value was 77.25/76.99.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;2.The effects of using learning activities using case-based learning that promote the capacity to cope with the natural disasters of students in Mathayom1 can be summarized as follows:</p> <p><strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</strong>2.1 Knowledge of the natural disasters of Mathayom1 students after studying increased more than before. It was statistically significant at the .05 level.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;2.2 The ability to prepare for the natural disasters of the students in Mathayom1 who studied with the learning activities by using case-based learning were at a high level (81.56 percent).</p> Nantanee Pitakpakawiwat Chaiwat Suttirak Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 8 2 83 93 THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TASK-BASED LEARNING IN ENGLISH READING COMPREHENSION ABILITY OF GRADE-6 STUDENTS https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jber/article/view/260168 <p>The purpose of this study was to compare English reading comprehension ability of grade-6 students between before and after using task-based learning. The sample group was 30 grade-6 students, during the second semester of the academic year 2020 at Chumchon Bankaeng School that were selected by purposive sampling. The research method was pre-experimental research design using one group pretest-posttest design. The research instruments were seven English reading comprehension lesson plans based on task-based learning for grade-6 students and English reading comprehension test for grade-6 students. The data was analyzed by Mean, Standard Deviation and T-test Dependent. The result showed that students’ English reading comprehension ability of grade-6 students after studying through the task-based design was significantly higher than before studying through it at the .05 level.</p> Parawi Ngam-anant Sudakarn Patamadilok Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 8 2 94 105 EFFECTING OF ELDERLY HEALTH PROMOTION PROGRAM NONGYAI COMMUNITY, KHON KAEN MUNICIPALITY https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jber/article/view/259574 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;The objective of this study was to study of the effect of Elderly Health Promotion Program, Khon Kaen Municipality. The sample consisted of 47 Elderly Person Methodology research was quasi-experimental research according to the One Group Pre-Posttest Design research model. Research tools were the Opinion in activity in Elderly Health Promotion Program and satisfaction assessment form. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, percentage, mean, standard deviation, paired t –test and the qualitative data was analyzed by content analysis. and summarized as inductive data. The results revealed that Component of Elderly Health Promotion Program that story telling about their own happiness, meditation therapy, and rhythmic activities. The sample group had the opinion to post activity in Program higher before participated in the program and they had the highest level of overall satisfaction (=4.72, S.D.=0.43). Reflection that the elderly have a happiness in activity and can applying to using in daily life to promote to be well-being are ready to develop themselves to be Smart People under Khon Kaen Smart City project.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Kasom Chanawong Veena Isarangura na Ayudhya Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 8 2 106 115 FACTORS AFFECTING SME ENTREPRENEURS TO USE BUSINESS LOANS SERVICE OF GOVERNMENT SAVINGS BANK IN BANGKOK AND METROPOLITAN REGION https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jber/article/view/260237 <p>The research objectives of study were 1) to study the factors of business characteristics, expectations and perceptions of the business operator loan service. 2) to study the marketing mix factors affecting the decision to use the business loan services of the Government Savings Bank. 3) to study the relationship between the factors of business characteristics and the factors of marketing mix that affecting the decision to use the business loan services of the Government Savings Bank. The study method was quantitative research. A questionnaire was used to collect information from the sample group 400 people in Bangkok and metropolitan region. The statistics used included frequency, percent, mean, standard deviation and Chi-square.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results were found that 1) Most of the sample groups were male, aged between 31-40 years old, with a period of not more than 3 years in business, operating in the category of other services with sales of less than 50 million baht. As for the decision making behavior of business loan, it was found that most of the sample group used business loan services with Kasikorn Bank. Total business credit limit for all financial institutions was less than 50 million baht, most of them used overdraft loans and received business loan information by bank employees. And most of the sample were known about business loan services by the media online. The expectation and the perceived level of business loan, it was found that there were 3 factors that had lower level of expectation before receiving the service is interest rate not high compared to other banks, loan service fee rates, provides fast and convenient. 2) Overall marketing mix factors that affect to use business loan service of government savings bank at the high level. In terms of product, price and physical evidence Affect to use the service at the highest level. While the place, promotion, people and process Affect to use the service at the high level. 3) The Chi-square test shows the period of business and sale correlated with the price, place, promotion and physical evidence In addition, the business category correlated with the price. While total credit limit for business correlated with the price, place and promotion with a statistically significant level of 0.05.</p> Phufa Eawsakul Akaranant Kidsom Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 8 2 116 129