https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jslc/issue/feed Journal of Srilanchang Review 2022-06-30T23:27:24+07:00 พระครูพิสุทธิธรรมมาภรณ์ slc.journal@mbu.ac.th Open Journal Systems <p>The objective of the Journal of Srilanchang Review (JSR), Mahamakut Buddhist University, Srilanchang Campus, Loei province, was to publicize academic and research works on Buddhism, philosophy, religions, education, political sciences, public administration, and law. There are only academic and research articles considered and accepted by the journal, and each article is engaged in tree reviews to ensure the journal's international quality, and it is able to be cited in reference. There are annually two issues: the January - June issue and the July - December issue.</p> https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jslc/article/view/254596 THE EFFECTS OF PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING ON LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT AND SCIENTIFIC MIND OF 5TH GRADE STUDENTS IN ANUBANLUMPUK (WANKRU 2503) SCHOOL 2022-02-24T15:29:04+07:00 SUVAPAN SUVAPONG suvapan_note@hotmail.com Chaet Suvapong Suvapan_note@hotmail.com Somsiri Singlop Suvapan_note@hotmail.com <p> The objective of this research were to 1) compare the student’s achievement of science before and after implementing the problem-based approach. 2) compare the student’s achievement of science after implementing the problem-based approach with 70% criterion. And 3) studies scientific mind of grade 5<sup>th</sup> students after implementing the problem-based approach. The sample were consisted of 40 students in grade 5<sup>th</sup> of Anubanlumpuk (wankru2503) school in Yasothon province. They were selected by cluster random sampling. The research design was One group Pretest-Posttest design. The research tools were 1) lesson plan with problem-based approach, 2) achievement test as a pre-test and post-test. Reliability ranged in value was 0.787 and 3) scientific mind test. Reliability ranged in value was 0.87. The independent <em>t-test</em> , one sample and mean analysis were conducted.</p> <p> The research were ;</p> <ol> <li>The learning achievement of grade 5<sup>th</sup> students after implementing problem-based approach in “living things” unit was increased significantly (<em>p</em> = .05)</li> <li>The learning achievement of grade 5<sup>th</sup> students after implementing problem-based approach in “living things” unit was significantly higher than evaluation criteria at 70%. (<em>p</em> = .05)</li> <li>The scientific mind of grade 5<sup>th</sup> students after implementing problem-based approach in “living things” unit was at the most level.</li> </ol> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Srilanchang Review https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jslc/article/view/255702 THE ADMINISTRTION IN ACCORDANCE WITH GOOD GOVERNANCE OF BASIC SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE LOEI PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 2 2022-05-03T15:05:14+07:00 Phra Lang Dhammasorn ab0973163716@gmail.com <p> The objectives of this research were t0: 1) study the administrative condition of educational institution administrators; 2) study the administration according to the good governance of educational institution administrators; 3) purpose guidelines for the administration according to the good governance principles for the educational institution administrators under Loei Elementary Education Service Area Office 2. The sample was 302 school teachers under the Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 2. The tool was a questionnaire. obtained data were analyzed using a statistical program for research. The statistics used were: Frequency, Percentage, Mean and Standard Deviation. The researcher conducted interviews with five key informants. The tool used was an interview form, and then content analysis was used to conclude the qualitative study.</p> <p>Research results were as follows</p> <p> 1) Overall, the administrative condition of educational institution administrators under Loei Elementary Education Service Area Office 2 was statistically rated at the highest level in all studied aspects. 2) The administration, according to the good governance of educational institution administrators under Loei Elementary Education Service Area Office 2, was at the highest level overall and in each aspect. 3) The guidelines for the administration according to the good governance principles for the educational institution administrators under Loei Elementary Education Service Area Office 2 were that (1) Rule of law: the administrators should promote learning campaigns, cultivate conscience and giving importance to compliance with government regulations; (2) Ethics: administrators should have good human relations, be friendly.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Srilanchang Review https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jslc/article/view/255712 THE ADMINISTRATION BASED ON THREEFOLD LEARNING OF SCHOOL ADMINISTRRATORS UDER THE LOEI PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 1 2022-05-03T15:18:35+07:00 Nawaphat Phommarat 96.nawaphat@gmail.com <p><strong> </strong>การวิจัยนี้มีวัตถุประสงค์ (1) เพื่อศึกษาสภาพการบริหารของผู้บริหารสถานศึกษา (2) เพื่อศึกษาการบริหารตามหลักไตรสิกขาของผู้บริหารสถานศึกษา และ (3) เพื่อเสนอแนวทางในการพัฒนาการบริหารตามหลักไตรสิกขาของผู้บริหารสถานศึกษา สำนักงานเขตพื้นที่การศึกษาประถมศึกษาเลย เขต 1 ผู้วิจัยได้ใช้การวิจัยแบบผสานวิธี ประชากร คือ ผู้บริหารโรงเรียนสังกัดสำนักงานเขตพื้นที่การศึกษาประถมศึกษาเลย เขต 1 จำนวน 143 คน กลุ่มตัวอย่าง จำนวน 108 คน ผู้วิจัยได้ทำการสุ่มตัวอย่างแบบแบ่งชั้นภูมิ หลังจากนั้นผู้วิจัยได้ทำการสุ่มอย่างง่าย ด้วยการจับสลาก เครื่องมือที่ใช้ คือ แบบสอบถาม มีค่าความเชื่อมั่น เท่ากับ .958 วิเคราะห์ข้อมูลโดยใช้โปรแกรมสำเร็จรูปทางสถิติเพื่อการวิจัย สถิติที่ใช้ ได้แก่ ค่าความถี่ ค่าร้อยละ ค่าเฉลี่ย ค่าส่วนเบี่ยงเบนมาตรฐาน และผู้วิจัยได้ทำการสัมภาษณ์ผู้ให้ข้อมูลสำคัญ ได้แก่ นักวิชาการ จำนวน 5 รูป/คน เครื่องมือที่ใช้ คือ แบบสัมภาษณ์ และใช้การวิเคราะห์เชิงเนื้อหาและหาข้อสรุปสำหรับการศึกษาเชิงคุณภาพ</p> <p>ผลการวิจัยพบว่า</p> <ol> <li>การศึกษาสภาพการบริหารของผู้บริหารสถานศึกษา พบว่า สภาพการบริหารงานของผู้บริหารโรงเรียน สังกัดสำนักงานเขตพื้นที่การศึกษาประถมศึกษาเลย เขต 1 โดยภาพรวมทุกข้ออยู่ในระดับมาก</li> <li>กรศึกษาการบริหารตามหลักไตรสิกขาของผู้บริหารสถานศึกษา พบว่า การบริหารตามหลักไตรสิกขาของผู้บริหารสถานศึกษา สำนักงานเขตพื้นที่การศึกษาประถมศึกษาเลย เขต 1 โดยภาพรวมอยู่ในระดับมาก</li> <li>แนวทางในการพัฒนาการบริหารตามหลักไตรสิกขาของผู้บริหารสถานศึกษา สำนักงานเขตพื้นที่การศึกษาประถมศึกษาเลย เขต 1 ด้านศีล ผู้บริหารควรเป็นแบบอย่างที่ดีในการใช้ชีวิต ด้านสมาธิ ผู้บริหารควรสร้างแรงจูงในการทำงาน ด้านปัญญา ผู้บริหารควรสนับสนุนบุคลากรพัฒนาตนเอง</li> </ol> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Srilanchang Review https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jslc/article/view/255752 ADMINISTRATION ACCORDING TO THE SAPPURISADHAMMA FOR SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS UNDER THE NONG BUA LAMPHU PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 2 2022-05-03T14:05:48+07:00 Pramaha Raksak Boonchai raksak.1530@gmail.com Phrakhruplad Somchai Prakobpornchai Raksak.1530@gmail.com Pramaha Supavit Paphatsaro Raksak.1530@gmail.com <p> The objectives of this research were: 1) to study the administration of school administrators; 2) to study the level of school administration according to the Sappurisadhamma (qualities of a good man) of the school administrators; 3) to propose the guideline for the development of school administrators according to the Sappurisadhamma of the school administrators under Nong Bua Lamphu Primary Educational Service Area 2. This study was carried out by means of mixed-method research. The samples used in this study were 285 teachers in schools under Nong Bua Lamphu Primary Educational Service Area 2. This sample size was determined by using the method of R.V. Krejcie and D.W. Morgan and simple sampling with a lottery method. The instrument used was a five-rating scale questionnaire. Also, the researcher interviewed key informants, including five academics. The tool used was an interview form for a qualitative study.</p> <p> The research results were as follows:</p> <p> 1) For the administration of school administrators under Nong Bua Lamphu Primary Educational Service Area 2, overall, teachers have opinions about the administration of the school administrators under Nong Bua Lamphu Primary Educational Service Area 2 at the highest level. Considering each aspect, it was at the highest level in all aspects sorted from highest mean to lowest mean: general administration, budget administration, academic administration, and personnel administration, respectively. Therefore, personnel management should be improved.</p> <p> 2) For the school administration, according to the Sappurisadhamma of the school administrators under Nong Bua Lamphu Primary Educational Service Area 2, overall, teachers have opinions about the administration of the school administrators under Nong Bua Lamphu Primary Educational Service Area 2 at the highest level. In considering each aspect, all aspects were at the highest level, sorted from highest mean to lowest mean: Mattaññuta (moderation), Puggalaññutā (knowing the individual), Parisaññutā (knowing the assembly), Kāluññuta (knowing the proper time), Attaññutā (knowing oneself), Dhammaññutā (knowing the law), Atthaññutā (knowing the meaning).</p> <p> 3) The guideline for the development of school administrators according to the Sappurisadhamma of the school administrators under Nong Bua Lamphu Primary Educational Service Area 2 in all four aspects was that the administrators could integrate the Seven Sappurisadhamma to develop the school administration.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Srilanchang Review https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jslc/article/view/256224 A STUDY OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEUR’S CHARACTERISTICS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SAMUT PRAKAN PROVINCE 2022-05-06T11:43:08+07:00 Rujira Rakwong krurujira.rpr@gmail.com Sukanya Cheamcoy Sukanya.chae@chula.ac.th <p> This research aims 1) to study level of social entrepreneur’s characteristics of secondary school students in Samut Prakan province and 2) to compare level of social entrepreneur’s characteristics of secondary school students in Samut Prakan according to gender and education levels. The informants were 383 students from 25 secondary schools in Samut Prakan province in academic year of 2021. Data were collected by questionnaire. The collections were analyzed by descriptive statistics which were frequency, percentage, means, and standard deviations and inferential statistics which were independent Two-way ANOVA and Scheffe’s Method.</p> <p> The results were found that:</p> <ol> <li>Level of social entrepreneur’s characteristics of secondary school students in Samut Prakan both in overall and individual aspect were at high level.</li> <li>Social entrepreneur’s characteristics of secondary school students in Samut Prakan between different gender were not different. The social entrepreneur’s characteristics of secondary school students in Samut Prakan among different education levels were different statistically significant at .05level. The variance of social entrepreneurs’ characteristics of the students by using two independent variables which were gender and education levels did not interact.</li> </ol> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Srilanchang Review https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jslc/article/view/256752 FACTORS AFFECTING CAREER SUCCESS OF SENIOR PROFESSIONAL LEVEL TEACHERS (K 3 TEACHERS) UNDER BUENGKAN PROVINCIAL EDUCATION OFFICE 2022-06-01T21:23:08+07:00 Jedsada Mahakhort jedsadabeer1992@gmail.com Maneeya Surat jedsadabeer1992@gmail.com <p> The objectives of the research article were (1) to study the relationship between factors affecting the career success of senior professional level teachers (K3 teachers) under Buengkan Provincial Education Office, (2) to study factors affecting the career success of K3 teachers under Buengkan Provincial Education Office, and (3) to construct the predictive equation of the career success of K3 teachers under Buengkan Provincial Education Office. The research samples were 200 K3 teachers under Buengkan Provincial Education Office, selected through the stratified random sampling. The research instrument used for data collection was the measurement of career success. The statistics used for data analysis consisted of arithmetic mean, standard deviation, Pearson product moment correlation coefficient (Pearson’s correlation), and multiple regression analysis.</p> <p> The results were as follows:</p> <p> 1) The predictor variables correlated with the career success of senior professional level teachers (K3 teachers) under Buengkan Provincial Education Office were the organizational climate (X<sub>3</sub>) at the correlation equal to 0.661, the social support (X<sub>4</sub>) at the correlation equal to 0.562, the family status (X<sub>2</sub>) at the correlation equal to 0.367 and the personality (X<sub>1</sub>) at the correlation equal to 0.295. When analyzed the correlation coefficient between the predictor variables and the career success of K3 teachers, the range of the correlation coefficients was between 0.295 - 0.562. The factor most highly correlated with the career success of K3 teachers was the organizational climate (X<sub>3</sub>), followed by the social support (X<sub>4</sub>) and the family status (X<sub>2</sub>), respectively. The factor most lowly correlated with the career success of K3 teachers was the personality (X<sub>1</sub>).</p> <p> 2) The analysis result of factor affecting to the success in career of K3 teachers in the Buengkan Provincial Education Office. It was found that the family status (X<sub>2</sub>), the social support (X<sub>4</sub>), the organizational climate (X<sub>3</sub>) and the personality (X<sub>1</sub>) were able to predict the career success of K3 teachers at a statistically significant level of 0.01. The multiple correlation coefficient (R) was 0.903. The coefficient of prediction () was 0.812. The standard error (S.E.<sub>est</sub>) was 0.267. The overall variables could predict percentage 81. and the coefficient predictor variable of raw score (b) of family status (X<sub>2</sub>), social support (X<sub>4</sub>), organizational climate (X<sub>3</sub>) and personality (X<sub>1</sub>) was 0.254, 0.243, 0.238 and 0.201, respectively. The coefficient predictor variable of standard score (Beta) was 0.538, 0.459, 0.319 and 0.285, respectively, and there was a constant of predictor equation of the raw scores was .359. The equation was written in raw scores and standard scores below as follows:</p> <p> Equation in raw score</p> <p> Y' = 0.39 + 0.201X<sub>1</sub> + 0.254X<sub>2</sub> + 0.238X<sub>3</sub> + 0.243X<sub>4</sub></p> <p> Equation standard scores</p> <p> ZY' = 0.285ZX<sub>1</sub> + 0.319ZX<sub>2</sub> + 0.538ZX<sub>3</sub> + 0.459ZX<sub>4</sub></p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Srilanchang Review https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jslc/article/view/256824 DEVELOPMENT OF CRITICAL THINKING ABILITY TEST FOR MATHAYOMSUKSA 1 STUDENTS UNDER SECONDARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE BUENGKAN THROUGH 3PL IRT MODEL 2022-06-01T21:15:13+07:00 Nadol Kunakom kroonadol@gmail.com Maneeya Surat kroonadol@gmail.com <p> The objectives of the research article were to construct the critical thinking ability test for Mathayomsuksa 1 students in the schools under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Buengkan by applying the three Parameter Logistic (3PL) Item Response Theory (IRS) Model, and to discover the quality of the critical thinking ability test. The population of the research was a total of 3,702 Mathayomsuksa 1 students in the schools under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Buengkan, studying in the first semester of the academic year 2564; 738 research samples were selected through the multi-stage sampling. The construct validity of the test was investigated by the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and the quality analysis of the test based on the 3PL IRS model. The research result revealed that the 39-item critical thinking ability test for Mathayomsuksa 1 students in the schools under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Buengkan was the four-choice situational measure, consisting of five factors: seven-item inference, seven-item recognition of assumption, eight-item deduction, nine-item interpretation, and eight-item evaluation of argument. According to the examination of the test quality, the item-objective congruence (<em>IOC</em>) of the test was between 0.80 – 1.00; its construct validity was available. The model was consistent with empirical data (GFI = 0.90, AGFI = 0.89, CFI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.025), the item discrimination ranged from 0.93 to 2.31, the item difficulty ranged from -0.90 to 1.37, and the guessing parameter or the pseudo-chance score level ranged from 0.10 to 0.28. The item information function was mostly peak at the moderate level of critical thinking ability, and the test information function was peak at the moderate level of critical thinking ability.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Srilanchang Review https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jslc/article/view/257118 PROMOTION OF PEOPLE ̉S POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN DEMOCRATIC FORM OF GOVERNMENT WITH THE KING AS HEAD OF STATE IN LOEI PROVINCE 2022-06-14T12:02:56+07:00 Satawat Songkaphan rak2125252499@Gmail.com <p> The objectives of this research were 1) to study the general condition, problems and obstacles in promoting political participation of the people in Loei Province; 2) to study the factors affecting the promotion of political participation in the democratic system of the people in Loei Province. 3) To present the promotion of political participation in the democratic regime of government with the King as Head of State of the people in Loei Province.</p> <p> The results showed that: 1) General conditions, problems and obstacles in promoting political participation of people in Loei Province Citizens and regular government officials, as well as city officials, as well as community leaders There is a clear lack of cooperation in many areas, resulting in the promotion of political participation of the people in general, not as much political awareness as they should be. People in general as well as government officials There is still a lack of confidence in politicians. 2) Factors affecting the promotion of political participation in the democratic regime of people in Loei Province found that the factors affecting the promotion of political participation Overall, it was at a high level. 3) Promotion of political participation in the democratic regime of government with the King as Head of State of the people in Loei Province According to the principle of the abyss, which is the matter of political, economic, social, and political culture All people within the community, villages, and societies when meeting should cooperate without any prejudice, attend the meeting and listen to the problems of the country in unison. When the village society is prosperous, has a democratic regime and the basic cultural and customary governance that has been upheld for a long time, it should be preserved and should not be torn or destroyed. Should not add provisions that should not be added to the rules of the community or village because it may violate the customs that have been held for a long time. Respect should be given when there are traditional festivals that have been held for a long time. Continue that activity in order to raise awareness of the children who have respect and gratitude towards the people who are the elders of the village. Women's rights and liberties are equal to that of men.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Srilanchang Review https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jslc/article/view/254964 AUTHORING TECHNIQUES AND BUDDHIST CONCEPTS IN NORRARAT RAKDEE’S MORAL NOVEL OF “RAK AN TA RAI” 2022-06-01T22:05:00+07:00 Kittiya Kunarak kittiya.k1807@gmail.com Manoch Nanthaprom Kittiya.k1807@gmail.com <p><strong> </strong>The objective of the academic article was to study the authoring techniques and Buddhist concepts in the morality-oriented alternative novel “Rak An Ta Rai” (Dangerous Love), written by Norrarat Rakdee. The literary analysis techniques and concepts, based on structuralism and Buddhism, were used as the conceptual framework to study six components: 1) Reality – the reality was found in the contemporary language usage in terms of English transliterated words (Borrowed words) in the description or the dialogue. 2) Roles – main actor and actress, including significant characters, were characterized by gentleness and politeness without weakness. It reflected the dynamics of those characters on the situations concerning the cultural surrounding context of Thai people in the past. 3) Idealism – the significant characters were found to develop the countryside with knowledge on farming and cropping. The rural waste land was changed into the complete source of agricultural crop production. 4) Setting - the setting was described in detail to have the readers profoundly understand the novel’s crux. The idiomatic explanation was used to illustrate colorful images reflecting the emotions and surroundings of the rural area. 5) Style – the specific writing style and art was remarkably used to demonstrate reality, beauty and calm. 6) Buddhist Concept – the Buddhism-oriented concept conveyed the Buddhist principles: belief in Karma (the law of action) and transmigration. Besides, historical story in the Buddha’s period was found to entertain the readers in the literature and the principle of living life.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Srilanchang Review https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jslc/article/view/255131 The Use of Media and Tool for Communication of Dhamma By Phra Rājavajirasudhī 2022-03-11T14:26:32+07:00 พระรุ่งโรจน์ รตนวณฺโณ noorungroj2020@gmail.com <p> The objectives of the academic article were (1) to study the usage of media and communication equipment to propagate the Buddha’s teachings by Phra Rājavajirasudhī as appearing in his media and books, (2) to study the effective communication method Phra Rājavajirasudhī and (3) to integrate the usage of communication equipment to learning of Life Coach and Performance according to Buddhist Science. The study was found as follows: 1) The usage of media and communication equipment by him, appearing in the media and books, was counted on his journey to propagate the Buddha’s teachings in several provinces of Thailand, including other media. Apart from the interview, Phra Rājavajirasudhī, like most Buddhist monks in Thailand, went bowling in earlier morning, made a morning sermon, taugh lay persons the Buddha’s teaching in the holy days, made an evening sermon and suggested new monks and novices the appropriate ecclesiastical routines. Personal media, Dhamma media, social and cultural media, natural and environmental media, language media, comparative media, novel media, book media and online media were used to teach by him.</p> <p>2) The effective communication method of Phra Rājavajirasudhī was applied from the Buddha’s teaching method. It started from the goal and objective setting for the usage of media and communication equipment. For example, the person model was selected from the monks, novices, or lay persons, the national media were selected from the environment like storms, the earthquake in Laos effective to Thailand, and Loei River flood overwhelmed Wat Srisuddhavasa and its vicinity. As a result, those people heard understanding the Dhamma and able to follow his teaching based on the true doctrine (Saddhamma): Pariyatti, Patipatti and Pativeda. 3) The integration of media and communication equipment to his teaching of Life Coach and Performance according to Buddhist Science was distinctly seen from the evidence that his media, including several communication tools, were applied to the student’s skills based on 5 knowledge standards of Mahamakut Buddhist University. That was to say, (1) the moral and ethical skill: the Buddhist principles of loving-kindness and compassion, etc., were integrated to integrate of learning and teaching in order to have the students show loving-kindness and compassion to their classmates. (2) The knowledge skill: the knowledge base from Ātittapariyāyasutta, for instance, was taken to solve the problems on the student’s inappropriate view and to generate their positive attitude. (3) The wisdom skill was integrated to the systematical analysis. (4) The skills of personal relation and responsibility were integrated to team work and public hearing among students. (5) The skills of numerical analysis, communication and information technological literacy were integrated to the students’ skills of speaking, reading, listening, writing, presentation and communication to several people in an appropriate manner. From the above, the knowledge base was described that Phra Rājavajirasudhī devoted himself to Buddhist studies, following the Buddha’s teaching and nurturing wisdom, morality and ethics in the society. </p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Srilanchang Review https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jslc/article/view/255714 HUMAN RESOURCE CREATIVITY MANAGEMENT: CREATIVE LEADERSHIP OF ADMINISTRATORS OF PHRAPARIYATTIDHAMMA SCHOOL ON GENERAL EDUCATION UNDER OFFICE OF NATIONAL BUDDHISM 2022-04-05T17:06:25+07:00 PARIYATTIKITWORAWAT SOMNUK pariyattikitworawat@gmail.com <p> The objective of the academic article was to present the creative leadership of administrators of Phrapariyattidhamma schools on general education to equip them with self-development guidelines in order to enhance their abilities to lead others with imagination, vision, flexibility with new approaches. In addition, the creativity management was implemented to create human resources creative with the human relationship in team work, able to perform challenging tasks, fearless of obstacles or failure, and willful of best practices or the educational innovations in the digitalized society. They were also developed to organize suitable environments for learning motivation, to equip with skills to transform know how to learners, to enhance life skills, morality and ethics, to complete with education standard proficiency and qualification, and to associate with a happy life in the society </p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Srilanchang Review