RTNA Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj <p>RTNA Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education (ThaiJo2 ISSN : 2392-5663 (Print) ISSN : 2730-1427 (Online)) publishes high-quality academic articles in the fields of social sciences, humanities and education, which aims at encouraging instructors and students in those fields both inside and outside the academy. The journal is published annually (January-December).</p> en-US <p>The author has the sole responsibility for the material published in RTNA Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities, and Education, which the editorial team may not agree on that material.</p> <p>&nbsp;RTNA Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities, and Education owns the copyright of the text, the illustration, or other material published in the journal. No parts or the whole of the material published may be disseminated or used in any form without first obtaining written permission from the academy.</p> santingamsert@gmail.com (Capt.Kanchid Cheuawong, RTN) santingamsert@gmail.com (Cdr. Asso.prof. Santi Ngamsert, RTN) Sat, 30 Jul 2022 16:05:37 +0700 OJS 3.3.0.8 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Effects of blended learning by using learning management system and educational applications for online learning on self-directed learning skills and academic achievement of 4th year cadets in Military Psychology and Administration (PC 4103) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/255390 <p>This research aims at comparing pre and post self-directed learning skills and academic achievement of cadets after trained by learning integration. The learning integration is learning management system and educational applications for online learning. The 180 participants from 4<sup>th</sup> year cadets in Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy during the academic year 2021 were chosen by purposive sampling. Instruments for doing research were learning management system and educational applications for online learning, a self-directed learning skills scale, and a test in Military Psychology and Administration (PC 4103). Data were analyzed by using descriptive Statistics and t-test Dependent. After the implementation, the result shows that the learning integration help to improve self-directed learning skills. Firstly, cadets gain higher self-directed learning skills about .05 level significance. Secondly, cadets gain higher academic achievement about .05 level significance.</p> Pavaris Chailapo, Sornnarin Kanjananopinit Copyright (c) 2022 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/255390 Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Development of resilience scale concerned with social desirability responses for the Naval operational medicine school https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/254574 <p>This research regarding development methodologies aims to develop resilience scale regarding social desirability responses of the Naval operational medical school (NOMS). <br />The samples consist of 110 NOMS students. The instruments are resilience scale and social desirability scale analyzed by descriptive statistic and inferential statistic. The results are as following. 1) The 26 items of resilience scale are 1.1) the discrimination index is between 0.20 - 0.73., <br />1.2) the Index of Item–objective congruence (IOC) is between 0.60 to 1.00, 1.3) the second order confirmatory factor analysis shows that the measurement model has a goodness of fit <img title="\chi 2" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\fn_cm&amp;space;\chi&amp;space;2" />=238.03 df=32 p=0.06 CFI=0.95 NFI=0.95 RMR=0.04 RMSEA=0.02) and 1.4) the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient is 0.89. 2) The results for 40 items of Social desirability scale are 2.1) the discrimination index is between 0.31-0.57, 2.2) the Index of Item-objective congruence (IOC) is between 0.60 to 1.00, 2.3) the second order confirmatory factor analysis shows that the measurement model has a goodness of fit <img title="\chi 2" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\fn_cm&amp;space;\chi&amp;space;2" />=1629.361 df=665 p=0.05 CFI= 0.98 NFI=0.95 RMR = 0.02 RMSEA=0.01) and 2.4) The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient is 0.90. 3). It can conclude that the most of NOMS students are at high resilience level and the rest are at medium level.</p> Nuchpiya Thongchot Copyright (c) 2022 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/254574 Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Synthesis the development model of the elderly’s health service system towards the excellence of tertiary hospitals attached to the Royal Thai Navy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/254159 <p>This research was qualitative research and aimed to study the elderly’s health service system of tertiary hospitals and synthesize the development model of the elderly’s health service system of tertiary hospitals attached to the Royal Thai Navy. The data had been collected between October 2019-March 2020.The analysis was conducted to find the development model of the elderly’s service health system towards the excellence of tertiary hospitals attached to the Royal Thai Navy. The analysis applied the key information to support 17 key informants for processes which are interviewing, and recording of information from focus group discussion, recording of sound and pictures and using of documents and reports. The acquired information went through the Content Analysis by determining the content from interpretation and determining the issue framework of the development model of the elderly’s health service system towards the excellence in tertiary hospitals attached to the Royal Thai Navy. The research revealed the results of development model of health service system as the following: 1) The result of the society engaged elderly in the perspective of efficient operation was activities towards the excellence namely clear policy of health service and development of the potential of the club for the elderly, health promotion, promotion of service mind and development of knowledge source of the club for the elderly. 2) The home attached elderly in the perspective of efficient operation showed result about management of relationships of networks, increase the potential of network and home visits, support of participation from families, clubs, temples. 3) The bedridden elderly in the perspective of efficient operation was about development of knowledge and innovation; assessment of the health behavior and annual medical checkup, home visit, activities of health promotion and rehabilitation of specific diseases, development of potential of the caregivers of the bedridden elderly. And, 4) The guideline of development elderly’s health service system by establishing the Geriatric Medical Center, Naval Medical Department, would serve as the center of operation on the elderly, the administrative center of control, supervision, follow-up, and coordination of network, regular up to date risk management of the elderly, assessment of performance of the elderly’s health service system of the Royal Thai Navy, and linkage of works on the elderly of hospitals attached to the Royal Thai Navy by using telemedicine network system.</p> Benjapak Sanghuaiprai, Wisakha Phoochinda Copyright (c) 2022 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/254159 Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Integration of Automatic Identification System (AIS) with Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) for Thai Maritime Enforcement Command (THAI-MECC) https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/252424 <p>The objectives of this research are: 1) to study guidelines for using automated identification systems (AIS) for supporting maritime security operations; 2) to propose guidelines for integrating AIS systems in Thailand for supporting information exchange and strengthening Maritime Domain Awareness, and 3) to propose policy-driven approaches for the practical integration of AIS systems into MDA. This research is a quantitative research using Delphi technique. The study groups, who are related to the AIS system or Maritime Domain Awareness, are two focus groups which are government officials, i.e. people working in agencies under the SSC, and 2 people from each private port. Specially, the focus groups from each unit will be 2 classifications, 1 from executive level and the other from operational level. The research consists of 2 types of questionnaires which are an open-ended questionnaire to acquire the current facts of the AIS and MDA systems and closed-ended questionnaire with the rating scale method. The closed-ended questionnaire is developed from the answers of an open-ended questionnaire to prioritize each question. The statistics used in the data analysis were median, interquartile range. The summary of the research are as follows: <span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">1. The guidelines for using the AIS system is necessary for the operation of the government agencies and other maritime units regarding maritime safety. </span><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">2. Integration of the AIS system from various maritime agencies for national maritime interest protection is necessary for completing the network structure of the AIS system that makes the system useful and understandable </span><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">3. The study about the policy guidelines for the integration of AIS systems reveals that AIS system structure and responsible organization are none. Thus, the purpose of the research is that the AIS systems should be under any governmental agency regarding maritime activities for authority and responsibility.</span></p> Jutamas Pobsuk, Padermsak Jarayabhand, Wachiraporn Wongnakornsawang , Aranya Sriyap Copyright (c) 2022 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/252424 Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 The Solution of Rohingya Refugee in the Maritime National Security Dimension https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/252545 <p>This research examines the maritime smuggling of Rohingya regarding Maritime National Security with the objectives which are (1) to scrutinize the real reason of Rohingya smuggling (2) to study the impact of Rohingya maritime smuggling on Maritime National Security and <br />(3) to find the appropriate and sustainable methods for solving the illegal immigration problem of Rohingya smuggling in Thailand. This research is the qualitative research by using In-depth interview from stakeholders who related in this field and including with studying the related research ideas and theories for designing the interview questions. The information from the experts reveal that the evolution of Rohingya immigration has changed. The more travelling in the sea, the less stopover in Thailand. The origin is from Rakhine state, Myanmar to the destination countries which are Malaysia or Indonesia whereas Thailand is either destination or transit state. The reasons of Rohingya smuggling have been transformed from economic reason to the right of citizenship, oppression and violence in Rakhine state. The summary of research is that the impacts of Rohingya smuggling on the Maritime National Security are moderately negative effects which regard to the marine safety and involved in transnational crimes, human trafficking, using a boat without flag and the maritime immigration which consequences from land security.</p> Boodsayapan Thitanon, Padermsak Jarayabhand , Soparatana Jarusombat Copyright (c) 2022 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/252545 Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Using Mathematics Game as Cooperative Learning Media with Think-Pair-Share Technique on Pyramid Cone and Sphere of Grade 3 Students https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/253208 <p>The objectives of this research were to compare the Mathematics learning achievement on Pyramid, Cone and Sphere of grade 3 students who received cooperative learning using Think-Pair-Share technique and Mathematics game before learning and after learning, to compare the Mathematics learning achievement on Pyramid, Cone and Sphere of grade 3 students who received cooperative learning using Think-Pair-Share technique and Mathematics game with the required criteria, and to study the satisfaction of Grade 3 students on the cooperative learning by using Think-Pair-Share technique together with Mathematics game on Pyramid, Cone and Sphere. The research design is an experimental research. There is an experimental design as the one-group pretest-posttest design. The population consisted of 3 classrooms of grade 3 students at Yothinburana 2 (Suwansuttharam) School in the first semester of the academic year 2021, and the sample consisted of 20 students in grade 3, Room 3/1. The instruments used in the research consisted of: achievement test and the satisfaction assessment form for the learning. The statistics used in the data analysis were percentage, mean, standard deviation, and t-test. The results of the research showed that the Mathematics learning achievement on Pyramid, Cone and Sphere of grade 3 students who received cooperative learning using Think-Pair-Share technique and Mathematics game after learning was higher than before learning, at a significant level of .05, and higher than the required criteria, at a significant level of .05. Moreover, the overall satisfaction of grade 3 students on the cooperative learning by using Think-Pair-Share technique with Mathematics game on Pyramid, Cone and Sphere is at a high level. </p> Supaporn Saduakdee , Thimaporn Onnom , Niphon Rungsawang , Pornsinee Kongmanee , Wattanachai Ngoksilp Copyright (c) 2022 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/253208 Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Results of Mathematics Learning Management by using SQRQCQ Strategy together with Problem-based Learning on Similarity of Grade 3 Students https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/253206 <p>The purposes of this research are to 1) compare the Mathematics learning achievement on Similarity of the 3<sup>rd</sup> grad students before and after receiving the learning management by using SQRQCQ strategy together with problem-based 2) compare the Mathematics learning achievement on Similarity of the 3<sup>rd</sup> grad students who received the learning management by using SQRQCQ strategy together with problem-based learning with the 70% criteria and 3) study the satisfaction of the 3<sup>rd</sup> grad students on learning management by using SQRQCQ strategy together with problem-based learning on Similarity. The research is an experimental research. The experimental research focuses on one-group and comparison between pretest-posttest is the result of research. The population are 5 classrooms of the 3<sup>rd</sup> grad students at Wichutit School in the first semester of the academic year 2021. The sample consisted of 37 students from grad 3/5. The sample selection is the cluster random sampling method. Achievement test and the satisfaction assessment form for learning management are tools for the research. Analysis for collected data is statistical analysis such as percentage, mean, standard deviation, and t-test. The results of the research are as follows 1) the Mathematics learning achievement on Similarity of the 3<sup>rd</sup> grad students receiving the learning management by using SQRQCQ strategy together with problem-based learning after learning is higher than before learning, at a significant level of .05, 2) the Mathematics learning achievement on Similarity of grad 3 students receiving the learning management by using SQRQCQ strategy together with problem-based learning was higher than the 70% criteria, at a significant level of .05 and 3) the overall satisfaction of the 3<sup>rd</sup> grad students towards learning management by using SQRQCQ strategy together with problem-based learning on Similarity is at the highest level.</p> Supaporn Saduakdee , Teerapong Katthong, Thipphaporn Pracharung , Siriporn Saikeaw, Farida Phumidet Copyright (c) 2022 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/253206 Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 The Legal Status of Ko Losin https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/252287 <p>The end of memorandum of understanding between the Kingdom of Thailand and Malaysia for the sea-bed in defined area around the continental shelf of the two countries in the Gulf of Thailand in 2029 was highlighted legally about the status of Ko (island) Losin. Regarding to Article 121 regime of islands of UNCLOS 1982, Ko Losin was legally defined as a rock. Maritime zones of rocks are none. The fact that Thailand has never claimed maritime zones for Ko Losin. But, Ko Losin was just a turning point as part of straight baseline area 4 of Thai Water. As a part of straight baseline, Ko Losin was lawful under either UNCLOS 1958 or UNCLOS 1982</p> Samharn Dairairam, Sirirat Boonsopa Copyright (c) 2022 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/252287 Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Topology for Maritime Delimitation: Case study of judgments of International Courts https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/255947 <p>Special circumstances for maritime delimitation can be considered as objective and subjective. The subjective circumstances are such as historical title, social life or economical profit in specific sea area for a long time. The subjective circumstances are arguable because they are unilaterally claimed. Length of coastlines, general direction of the coast, shape of the coast, islands or rock are objective circumstances which are naturally tangible and cannot be made up. Either International Court of Justice (ICJ) or International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) always objectively delineate the maritime boundary regarding coastlines, islands or rocks as special circumstances. This article aims at studying the result from judgments about maritime boundaries which are adjusted by topographic circumstances and comparing the topography between Thailand and neighboring coastal States for preparing maritime boundary negotiation.</p> Chaiyoth Kongkwan Copyright (c) 2022 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/255947 Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Comprehensive Literature Review of Factors Influence Work Happiness of Employees during the COVID-19 Pandemic https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/250726 <p>The number of COVID-19 cases on August 18, 2021, had been over 208 million globally, with over 4,300,000 deaths. With the rapid spread of COVID-19, all countries have to prevent its spread by social distancing, prolonged lockdown, wearing masks, closure communities, clubs, bars, schools and businesses, especially hotels and restaurants. Most hotel and restaurant staff have to work from home. Some lay off and don't have payment, so there is an effect on their work happiness and get anxiety. Stress can cause of fear, anger, sadness, worry, numbness, or dissatisfaction. People might feel nervous about the future or unsatisfied by the way their life has changed. However, satisfaction at the workplace is essential for improving productivity in any organization. Happiness at work refers to how pleasant moods and certainty. This paper reviews the definition, causes, and consequences of happiness at the hotel and restaurant staff's work during the COVID-19 pandemic by selecting staff's traits, economic, internal organization, and anxiety factors to know what factors could affect employee happiness during the COVID-19 pandemic. To maintain long-term staff satisfaction at the workplace of hotels and restaurants could probably enhance and prolong hotels and restaurants efficiency and effectiveness.</p> Pichyada Pheunpha Copyright (c) 2022 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/250726 Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Moulmein: A Seaport and Administrative Center of the British Colony in Burma, 1826-1852 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/251630 <p>This article aims at studying the Moulmein as a seaport and capital of British colony in Burma during 1826-1852. The objectives of the study were: 1) the settlement and colonization, 2) trading and products from Moulmein, 3) the forest concession and teak industry, and 4) the development of Moulmein. The article will focus on colonization and expansion of trade networks. The sources are from primary and secondary such as the British Colonial newspaper and the missionaries’ journals in Moulmein. The research process is a historical methodology. The results of the study show that the establishment of Moulmein reflected British’s desire to expand powers for covering maritime routes in the Andaman Sea. Moulmein is considered as the center of goods in two reasons: 1) importing and exporting forest products between continental states via sea trade routes and 2) distributing sources from the colonies to the continental states via land trade routes. Additionally, Moulmein’s economic growth was rapid during colonial period because of forestry industries such as the lumber industry and the shipyard industry. Moulmein’s potential to support land and sea trade became a colonially prosperous center of in Burma. The prosperity was expanded around the states. The main ideas from this paper are about Moulmein’s role as a main seaport for transporting consumer goods to the other ports in the Malacca Peninsula. It was founded that those cities had to rely on agricultural products from Moulmein to support their colonial populations. Therefore, the establishment of Moulmein as a seaport reflected expanding maritime influence on the British colonial port network in Southeast Asia.</p> Chaiwat Pasuna Copyright (c) 2022 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/251630 Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Quality learning process management to create a connection between early childhood education and grade 1 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/255875 <p>The learning management process for seamless integrating between early childhood and 1<sup>st</sup> grade is extremely important because transition from kindergarten to primary school effect the children’s learning ability. The suitable transition can help children for learning smoothly. The success for transition depends on three elements which are 1) leadership and educational administration and management, 2) teachers and the process of teaching quality and 3) Parent. All relevant person in charged must cooperate, support, and trust in connecting the learning of students from both levels.</p> Pawinee Thungthaisong Copyright (c) 2022 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/255875 Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700