RTNA Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj <p>RTNA Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education (ThaiJo2 ISSN : 2392-5663 (Print) ISSN : 2730-1427 (Online)) publishes high-quality academic articles in the fields of social sciences, humanities and education, which aims at encouraging instructors and students in those fields both inside and outside the academy. The journal is published annually (January-December).</p> en-US <p>The author has the sole responsibility for the material published in RTNA Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities, and Education, which the editorial team may not agree on that material.</p> <p>&nbsp;RTNA Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities, and Education owns the copyright of the text, the illustration, or other material published in the journal. No parts or the whole of the material published may be disseminated or used in any form without first obtaining written permission from the academy.</p> santingamsert@gmail.com (นาวาเอก ผู้ช่วยศาสตราจารย์ ปิยะ ลิ้มสกุล) santingamsert@gmail.com (นาวาโท รองศาสตราจารย์ สันติ งามเสริฐ) Wed, 18 Aug 2021 09:58:44 +0700 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Straight Baselines in Thai Water https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/246306 <p>Thailand has claimed straight baselines for measuring maritime zones. For maritime zone delineation along the shorelines without claimed straight baseline, normal baselines will be the starting points. Normal baselines are low water lines marked on nautical charts. Measuring maritime zones from normal baselines or low water lines is very difficult especially the transitional zones between territorial sea and contiguous zone that causes territorial water and contiguous zones overlapping. Law enforcement in territorial sea, sovereignty zone, is different from contiguous zones, sovereign right zone. Shape of normal baselines will follow geography of the coastline topographically. The erosion shortens whereas the deposition extends the maritime zones. This research is to transform normal baselines to be straight baselines because straight baselines can make maritime zones stable and easy for identifying the exact position of any incident. The other result is the increasing of sovereignty area of Thai Water, internal water and territorial sea, about 5,437.80 sq.km.</p> Samharn Dairairam Copyright (c) 2021 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/246306 Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0700 A development of an objective structured clinical examination in performance assessment for Advance emergency medical technician https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/248294 <p>To develop a performance procedure to assess clinical skills for Advance emergency medical technician (AEMT) students. This study aimed to develop and validate structured clinical examination (OSCE). This study modified the logical development steps proposed to incorporate the following four steps: 1) blueprints and mapping 2) scenario development 3) examiner training 4) validity and reliability testing. An OSCE of 3 situations of 10 min each were adopted. A sample consisted of 20 AEMT students from Naval operational medical school.</p> <p>The results were summarized as follows: 1. Item-level analyses 1) Task difficulty index in rater 1 of situation 1, 2, 3 were 0.69, 0.71, 0.69 and rater 2 of situation 1, 2, 3 were 0.70, 0.73, 0.69. 2) Discrimination index in rater 1 of situation 1, 2, 3 were 0.74, 0.26, 0.74 and rater 2 of situation 1, 2, 3 were 0.74, 0, 0.38. 2.Test level analysis 1) Item Objective Congruence: IOC was 0.66 2) Inter-rater reliability by Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient of situation 1, 2, 3 were 0.88, 0.98, 0.97 and use Generalizability Coefficient (G-coefficient) PXSXR design were G-coefficient for relative decision (&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 11.6667px;"><img title="\rho" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\rho"></span><sup>^</sup>&nbsp;<sub><img title="\delta" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\delta"></sub><sup>2</sup>) &nbsp;were 0.49 and G-coefficient for absolute decision ( <img title="\rho" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\rho"><sup>^</sup> <sub><img title="\Delta" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\Delta"></sub><sup>2</sup>) &nbsp;were 0.48. To keep reliability less than 0.7, then use rater five persons in the test.</p> Nuchpiya Thongchot Copyright (c) 2021 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/248294 Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0700 The Development of Reading Comprehension Skills for Ggrade-5 students using Moral book Stories https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/248459 <p>This research aims to develop a teaching style for improving reading comprehension by moral storybooks. The comparison between pre reading comprehension with non-moral storybooks and post reading comprehension with moral storybooks will prove that the moral storybooks is suitable for improving reading comprehension. Grad 5 student 30 persons are target group. The methods of research are 30 multiple-choice knowledge measurements and teaching observations. Without moral storybooks, 18 students, 60 percent, are not qualified the criteria whereas with moral storybooks, all students are qualified for reading comprehension. By applying t-dependent, the research shows 9.36 about mean and 2.23 about standard deviation for pretest and 16.16 about mean and 1.34 about standard deviation for posttest. The posttest scores indicate higher significantly statistical implication than pretest scores at 0.001 level (t = 27.094, p = .000). Apparently, students’ reading comprehension can be improved by moral story books. In addition, the moral story books not only are fun but also contain knowledge which is various in different field such as honesty and sacrifice. These make students better for reading comprehension.</p> Chonticha Chunsaard, Pongthep Jiraro Copyright (c) 2021 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/248459 Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0700 A study of the conditions and making recommendations for reading policies into practice of educational institutions affiliated with the office of the Non – formal and informal Education Ubon Ratchathani Province https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/245533 <p>A study of the conditions is for making recommendations regarding to reading policies which will be implemented for educational institutions affiliated with the office of the Non - formal and informal Education Ubon Ratchathani Province. There are 3 purposes of the study. The first is to study the state and results of reading promotion activities of the District, the second is to analyze the factors affecting to the success of reading policy implementation, and the last is to purpose reading policy to the office of the Non – formal and informal Education Ubon Ratchathani Province. This research is mix method of research. The research population consist of 4 groups which are a non-formal education director, a district office director, district teachers, and 803 students. The three tools for study are questionnaires, structured interview and focus group. The quantitative data were analyzed by mean, standard deviation and percentage. The qualitative data is for content analysis. The results of the research are as follows: 1. Operating conditions for implementing reading policies overall, the result is at the high level. 2. The factors affecting to the success of implementing reading policies into practice are policies, Processes/Methods, Supervision, Monitoring and Evaluation, Support for resources of teacher and personnel activities, Students and community networking partners. 3. The reading policies proposal is as follows: 3.1 For Implementation of the policy, the policy from the higher agency should be clear and concrete. The higher agency should understand the educational institution. The importance of policy implementation should be the first priority. 3.2 An Operational management, budgets and resources should be allocated specifically, be separated from other budgets and be appropriated for the population in each area. 3.3 For personnel management, assigned persons should be responsible for reading policies. Teachers and persons in educational institutions should be assigned to share roles and responsibilities of operations. 3.4 The public relations reading policies, there should be publicity through the media. 3.5 The network parties should clearly understand the reading policies because the network parties can help to analysis, scrutinize, formulate the policies and can help for planning the implementation. This can be accomplished by meeting.</p> Yutthakarn Suebkeaw Copyright (c) 2021 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/245533 Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Knowledge and Practice on Nursing Supervision of Nurse Supervisors in Somdech Phra Pinklao Hospital https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/249061 <p>This descriptive research aimed to study knowledge, practice and relationship regarding personal factors on nursing supervision of nurse supervisors in Somdech Phra Pinklao Hospital. The participants were 210 professional nurses who performed nursing supervision at all level were selected by using multistage random sampling. The research instrument was the questionnaire that included: demographic data, knowledge and practice on nursing supervision. The questionnaire was validated by 5 experts. The precision indexes were 0.80 and 0.74 and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient were 0.84 and 0.86, respectively. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics including percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson product-moment correlation. The research results revealed that: 1) The overall nursing supervision knowledge was at the moderate level (M=18.37, SD=3.03), the highest score was the restorative clinical supervision at the high level (M=7.09, SD=1.25, the normative and the formative clinical supervision were at moderate level (M=5.73, SD=2.61 and M=5.50, SD=1.45 respectively). 2) The overall nursing supervision practice was at the high level (M=4.09, SD=0.47), the 3 aspects were at the high level, whereas the formative and restorative clinical supervision were equal scores (M=4.12, SD=0.05, SD=0.45 respectively), and the lowest score was the restorative clinical supervision (M=4.03, SD=0.56). 3) Bachelor degree was not relevant with the knowledge and practice in nursing supervision, but age and duration of working were positive associated at low and moderate level with the nursing supervision practice significantly at .05 level (r=.194,.204 respectively)</p> Thanaporn Yaemsuda, Khankaew Lukananukul Copyright (c) 2021 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/249061 Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0700 The Development of Professional Learning Community to Research (PLC to R) The Models for Teacher in Basic Education School in the Thai Eastern Region https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/249981 <p>This research aims to study teachers’ research efficacy which are about knowledge and understanding the teacher self-improvement process regarding the Professional Learning Community (PLC) process. Additionally, the research is also to develop and evaluate a model for implementation of professional learning communities to research hereafter PCL to Research. 478 peoples stratified random sampling are target group. 17 experts are professors from the Faculty of Education, administrators, and teachers with experience in research and PLC. All of them have doctoral degrees. 42 teachers were the experimental targets. The result are consensus analysis by Mdn, IQR, Descriptive Statistic using Mean, SD, Frequency, and Percentage. Inferential Statistic using t-test, One-way ANOVA, Pair comparison by Scheffe's Method, correlation analysis by Pearson's correlation coefficient (rxy). The summaries of research are as follows: Pre participation, the teachers’ research efficacy indicate that the overall efficacy is at the moderate level (M=3.28, SD=0.62) whereas post participation, the overall research ability is at the higher level (M= 4.60, SD=0.49). 77.34 percent of the overall relative development index for each teachers’ knowledge and understanding of PCL operation indicates that teachers are at the high level of knowledge and understanding of PLC operation (M=4.05, SD =0.86). Applied Delphi Techniques are tools for developing a PLC model to be research. A model of conducting professional learning community as research (PLC to Research) of teachers is a traditional process. Activities and research mechanisms and PLC processes are 30 items. Evaluation from 17 Experts, based on accuracy, appropriate from the median (Mdn), and the inter-quartile range (IQR), shows the highest rating in all items which are correlated all together. Based on mean and standard deviation of the feasibility, utility of activities and mechanisms of the PLC to R model of 30 items, the evaluation from 42 teachers, the target group, is clear to show the feasibility evaluation and the benefits of the activities and mechanisms of the PLC to R model overall are at the high level (M=4.22, SD=0.23). 7 items of the PLC to R model are at the highest level whereas 23 items are at high level. The results confirm the benefits of the PLC to R model.</p> Phongthep Jiraro Copyright (c) 2021 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/249981 Wed, 18 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Has Appeasement been the best policy towards dictatorships in the past and will continue to be in the future? https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/249436 <p>The statement “appeasement has been the best policy towards dictatorships in the past and will continue to be in the future” is not convincing based on the historical knowledge. To clarify the contradiction to the statement, this essay will use the case of the rise of Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany, which eventually led to World War II. The maxim “compromise seems better than conflict” appropriately describes the diplomatic relations between European superpowers, particularly Britain, France, and Germany post-World War I. If viewed in detail, World War II could be considered as a string that evolved from the failure of the appeasement policy adopted by British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain in the 1930s. What is to be noted here is the legitimacy of the appeasement policy by the British, whether it is a thriving democratic move to postpone the war or something that should not be done because, in the end, there was also World War II. As a result of the British failure to appease Germany, which triggered World War II, this essay argues that appeasement has not been, and might never be, the right strategy and suitable policy against dictatorships.</p> Kullmanoch Wanwarn Copyright (c) 2021 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/249436 Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0700 How effective the LOSC as “Constitution for the Oceans” deal with maritime issues in Thailand in the case of IUU fishing and human trafficking https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/245992 <p>After the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Convention (LOSC) came into force in 1994, it has become the primary international maritime law which has been widely utilized by many countries all over the world. Likewise, Thailand has been one country utilizing the LOSC to adopt and revise national laws, particularly fisheries laws and policies. Due to these revised laws, Thailand could deal with IUU fishing more systematically and effectively in the country. By contrast, it seems that the LOSC still has loopholes and insufficient consideration in some areas, such as human trafficking, which has been aroused in Thailand for a long time. Nevertheless, it can be argued that the LOSC as “the constitution for the oceans” has effectively contributed on the improvement of conservation and administration of living resources. One tangible evidence is that Thailand could successfully lift the EU’s yellow card last year.</p> Chaidech Chantarasena Copyright (c) 2021 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/245992 Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Organization of quality assurance information system within basic education institutions Integrate the organization of information system for Integrity and Transparency assessment in the operations of government agencies https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/248775 <p>Since the National Education Act 1999 has entered to force, Thailand’s education has been reformed several times. Every educational reformation aims to improve the quality of education and solve the educational crisis that arises. It can be considered that the education of Thailand has been facing a crisis of modern technology and management. Because of the latest situation with the coronavirus outbreak (COVID - 19), education management has to be adjusted. That requires more information technology involved in our daily life. Similarly, the quality assurance system for educational institutions should be technologically reformed for external assessments from the Office for National Education Standards and Quality Assessment. For quality assessment outside educational institutions, the Site Visit assessment should be replaced by an information technology system. Alternatively, Automated QA is an information system for supporting the entire external assessment process. For example, the assessor’s performance is from the paper-based EQA to the digital-based EQA. Personally, the researcher as the primary educational agency in the government sector would like to propose the policy which will integrate the organization of quality assurance information system within primary schools. The objective of the purposed policy is to develop the new management that emphasizes quality. The organization of information systems for assessing the moral and transparency of the operations of government agencies (ITA online) helps to solve the crisis of development of information systems. Creation of an organizational quality culture is suitable for the New Normal era.</p> Dueanpen Ananpattanakul Copyright (c) 2021 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/248775 Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Educational Supervision in the Situation of the COVID-19 Epidemic : A Case Study on A Using SM3 supervisory process https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/248287 <p>Reformation of traditional education supervision was accelerated by the 2019 COVID-19 pandemic, prompting an educational supervision process which is the combination between participatory action research and blended learning concepts. The supervisory process is SM3, where SM1 is social media supervision, SM2 is supervision Meeting, and SM3 is supervisory by opening innovation houses. The supervision activities were adjusted according to the coronavirus outbreak situation following the measure from the government. Supervising learning innovation, supervisors via social media, from classroom research of primary school teachers helps teachers to invent teaching innovation. Most teachers strongly believe that the educational supervision process initiates knowledge and understanding to develop learning innovation and to improve writing for an innovation development report. The supervision is strongly supported by that the innovations from 30 schools are qualified as the district quality schools project under the Office of the Basic Education Commission Ministry of Education.</p> Sutidan Phonrawatjaradwat Copyright (c) 2021 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/248287 Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Suwannaphum : An Analysis of Belief and Religious Dimension https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/247023 <p>Suwannaphum was a land known to the Indians, Lankans, Chinese and Western peoples, each of which called it a different name. But, it had the same meaning as “golden land” which implies for “fertile land”. In the 3rd century, Suwannaphum was a land where Buddhism was spreading at the 8th line, led by Phrasonathera and Phra uttarathara. They have brought the teaching of Buddhism which was an intellectual civilization worthy of implementation as an alternative to the local people. It resulted in modified mix of traditional beliefs, Brahmanism and Buddhism.</p> Manop Nakkanrian, Banchuen Nakkanrian, Chatsuphang Saramart Copyright (c) 2021 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/247023 Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Death preparation based on Buddhist concepts https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/247024 <p>The study of death is limited and remains a mystery to humans. According to the Buddhist principles, death is a common condition associated with birth, regarding with three interrelated symptoms between life and death. These are Aniccata (impermanence), Dukkhata (the state of being subject to suffering) and Anattata (soullessness) that affect the happiness and suffering of all beings. There are two aspects of death in Buddhism: death and birth, and death and cessation. The first death is the death of the mortal people, upon death, it still has to be reborn in various realms according to karmic fruits, but the second death, death and cessation, is the death of Arahant, who has none of all desires and will not be born again. The concept of Buddhism therefore is the way of treating death with the ultimate goal of never being born again, so it can be regarded as true death. The Buddhists have to learn, practice, and train their body and mind in order to lead to the transformation of themselves from the mundane level to the supramandane level, with the main methods which are the Sila (precepts), Samadhi (meditation) and Panna (wisdom). As for the attitude towards death and the way of dealing with it, the more people consider death to be normal, it will only greatly reduce the suffering caused by death. Acquaintance with death to face it consciously is a good quality death according to Buddhism.</p> Suthep Sritong Copyright (c) 2021 Royal Thai Naval Academy https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtna-socialj/article/view/247024 Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0700