Corona Virus Outbreak: The International Law Sanitary Measures
The purpose of this academic article is to examine the legal principles of both Thai and International legal measures that deal with the Corona Virus outbreak. There are several challenges and benefits in approaching legal measures to solve the Corona Virus outbreak problem across the boundaries which affect the economy and society in various aspects including the tourism industry. In this crisis, each country legislates public health measures and issues both internal and international legal measures as tools to control the Corona Virus outbreak. As the Corona Virus epidemic is predicted to be more severe in the future due to travelling and the borderless importation and exportation of goods, Thailand has to take action in response to the situation. Whereas the Corona Virus outbreak from animal to human and human to human continues dramatically, economic development must not be impeded. This article, therefore, analyzes both domestic and international legal measures that the government needs to take into consideration to counterbalance public well-being and economic value. The issues concerning international law sanitary measures include the International Health Regulations, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the General Agreement on Trade and Tariff, and the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism.
Bangkok Post Press. (2020). Human transmission of coronavirus confirmed in Thailand. Retrieved from https://www.bangkokpost.com/thailand/general/1847884/human-transmission-of-coronavirus-confirmed-in-thailand
Bank of Thailand. (2020). This time is different. Retrieved from https://www.bot.or.th /Thai/ResearchAndPublications/articles/ Pages/Article_18Mar2020.aspx
Basavaraj, K. (2020). Karnataka: Youngsters caught violating lockdown have a lesson stamped on forehead. Retrieved from https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hubballi/youngsters-caught-violating-lockdown-have-a-lesson-stamped-on-forehead/articleshow/74900384.cms
Blanchard, B. (2020). Parties unite over Taiwan's exclusion from WHO anti-virus planning. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-health-taiwan/parties-unite-over-taiwans-exclusion-from-who-anti-virus-planning
Bloomberg Press. (2020). World’s top disease fighter engages. Retrieved from https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2020-02-23/coronavirus-news-who-director-general-races-against-time
Cheng, J., & Wong, C. H. (2020). As virus spreads, isolated Taiwan risks being a Loophole in war on epidemics. Retrieved from https://www.wsj.com/articles/taiwan-virus-case
Choi, K. J. (2007). A journey of a thousand leagues: From Quarantine to International Health Regulations and Beyond. U. Pa. J. Int'l L., 29, 989.
Chokevivat, V., & Posayanonda, T. (2009). International ethical guidelines for biomedical research involving human subjects of the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences.
Daily News. (2020). The Covid-19 virus pandemic: 6 6 provincial governors ordered shut down the city. Retrieved from https://www.dailynews.co.th/regional /766091
Department of Disease Control. (2005). Answering questions about the International Health Regulations 2005. Retrieved from https://wwwnno.moph.go.th/epidnan/downloads/laws/IHR_20140428.pdf
Department of Disease Control. (2020). Communicable Diseases Act B.E. 2558. Retrieved from https://library2.parliament.go.th/.pdf
Duffy, R., & Smith, M. (2004). The ethics of tourism development. Routledge.
Fennell, D. A. (2014). Exploring the boundaries of a new moral order for tourism's global code of ethics: An opinion piece on the position of animals in the tourism industry. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 22(7), 983-996.
Gray, K. R. (2008). Brazil: Measures affecting imports of retreaded tyres. American Journal of International Law, 102(3), 610-616.
Hilf, M. (2001). Power, rules and principles-which orientation for WTO/GATT law? Journal of International Economic Law, 4(1), 111-130.
Howse, R., & Tuerk, E. (2001). The WTO impact on internal regulations-a case study of the Canada-EC asbestos dispute. The EU and the WTO: Legal and Constitutional Issues, 2001, 283.
Immigration Bureau. (1979). Immigration Act B.E. 2522. Retrieved from https://www.immigration.go.th/law
Marketeer News. (2020). Emergency decree issue No. 1. Retrieved from https://marketeeronline.co/archives/154389
Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. (2020). Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Retrieved from https://www2.moac.go.th/ ewt_news.php?nid=198&filename=index
National Research council of Thailand. (2020). News: The number of people infected with Covid-19. Retrieved from https://www.nrct.go.th/news
Office of the Council of State OCS. (2020). Administrative procedure act, B.E. 2539. Retrieved from http://web.krisdika.go.th/data/ outsitedata/outsite16/file/2539.pdf
Office of the Council of State OCS. (2020). Emergency decree on public administration in emergency situation, B.E. 2548. Retrieved from http://web.krisdika.go.th/data/law/law2/%A1119/%A1119-20-2548-a0001.pdf
Piyawattapanit, P. (2020). Corona virus and legal measures. Retrieved from https://prachatai.com/journal/2020/02/86373
Public Relations Office of Samut Sakhon Province. (2020). Statement of the communicable disease from Samut Sakhon Province’s Committee. Retrieved from http://www.oic.go.th/infocenter11/1106
Radio France Internationale. (2020). Modi apologises for ‘harsh’ lockdown amid violent police enforcement. Retrieved from http://www.rfi.fr/en/international/20200329-modi-apologises-for-harsh-coronavirus-lockdown-amid-violent-police-enforcement-beatings-covid-19
Sidiq, N. (2020). COVID-19 information blackout hitting Kashmir hard. Retrieved from https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/covid-19-information-blackout-hitting-kashmir-hard/1774154
Tandon, K. (2020). Coronavirus: The legal framework behind lockdown, curfew, and quarantine. Retrieved from https://www.barandbench.com/author/kunal-tandon
Times Now News. (2020). Coronavirus Jammu news: Police in Jammu are nabbing people and shaming them for violating the lockdown orders. Retrieved from https://www.timesnownews.com/india/ article/corona-lockdown-violator-stamp-on-forehead-jammu-police-s-punishment-for-violating-lockdown/569881
Toebes, B. (2015). International health law: An emerging field of public international law. Indian Journal of International Law, 55(3), 299-328.
Wacharapluesadee, S. (2016). Active surveillance of novel human betacoronavirus in bats. Health Systems Research Institute.
Wattanasareekhun, P. (2020). Where did Wuhan people travel? Retrieved from https://www.bangkokbiznews.com/news/detail/863308
Workpoint News. (2020). Rating 20 airports that Wuhan people fly the most. Retrieved from https://workpointnews.com/2020/01/23/ wuhan-tianhe- airports
World Health Organisation WHO. (2020). About WHO. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/about
World Health Organisation WHO. (2020). China leaders discuss next steps in battle against coronavirus outbreak. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/28-01-2020-who-china-leaders-discuss-next-steps-in-battle-against-coronavirusoutbreak
World Health Organisation WHO. (2020). Coronavirus: Thailand. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/thailand/health-topics/coronavirus
World Health Organisation WHO. (2020). International Health Regulations Emergency Committee on novel coronavirus in China. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/international-health-regulations-emergency-committee-on-novel-coronavirus-in-china
World Health Organisation WHO. (2020). Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019
World Health Organisation WHO. (2020). Statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergency-committee-regarding-the-outbreak-of-novel-coronavirus-(2019- ncov)
World Health Organisation WHO. (2020). What we do. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/about/what-we-do
World Trade Organisation WTO. (2020). The GATT years: From Havana to Marrakesh. Retrieved from https://www.wto.org/english/htm
Worldometers. (2020). Confirmed Cases and Deaths by Country, Territory, or Conveyance. Retrieved from https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/?fb clid=IwAR2UgycDn8i64zB71xUGm5svanZxQEI_U6IEEzgiNRtMnVLtBQtyKqPW_e8
Copyright (c) 2020 Walailak Journal of Social Science
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0