The Architecture of Thammasat University, Tha Phrachan Campus
This article investigates the architectural history of the Tha Phrachan Campus of Thammasat University, with a focus on the chronological development of the campus layout and architectural styles. The university was officially founded in 1934 after the Siamese Revolution of 1932. The campus site had been a part of the Front Palace of the deputy king (formerly the designated heir to the throne). The history of the university has always been intertwined with the country’s politics, and its architecture is historically significant. The history of the university is here divided into eight periods, each marked by a transformation of the university’s layout. Buildings in the Tha Phrachan Campus are categorized into four architectural styles related to dynamic movements in Thai society. Certain buildings have aspects of architectural value and importance, which deserve conservation as examples of Modern architecture in Thailand.
Association of Siamese Architects under Royal Patronage. 1997. “Akan ho samut lae suan anekprasong 2 tuek hok sip pi mahawithayalai thammasat tha phrachan” [Library Building and Two Multipurpose Buildings, Thammasat Tha Phrachan 60th Anniversary]. Journal of Association of Siamese Architects under Royal Patronage. (August): 74–86.
Charnvit Kasetsiri et al. 1992. Samnak ngan thammasat lae kan mueang pho so 2477-2511 [Thammasat University, 1934–1968]. Bangkok: Dokya Publishing.
Charnvit Kasetsiri. 2005. Su thotsawat thi 7 patiwat 2475/ sathaphana mo tho ko 2477: Thammasat lae kan mueang rueang phuen thi [Seven Decades of the 1932 Revolution and Foundation of Thammasat University: Thammasat and the Politics of Space]. Bangkok: Duean Tula La.
Chatri Prakitnonthakan. 2006–2007. “70 pi: dome thammasat lae kan mueang.” In Thammasat University Archives Bulletin, 10 (June 2006 – May 2007): 22–40.
Chatri Prakitnonthakan. 2007. Kan mueang lae sangkhom nai sinlapa sathapatayakam sayam samai thai prayuk chat niyom [Politics and Society in Siamese Art and Architecture in the Era of Thai Nationalism]. Bangkok: Mathichon.
Chua, Lawrence. 2019. “The Aesthetic Citizen: Translating Modernism and Fascism in Mid Twentieh-Century Thailand.” In Jiat-Hwee Chang and Imran bin Tajudeen, eds, Southeast Asia’s Modern Architecture: Questions of Translation, Epistemology and Power. Singapore: NUS Press.
Phonchai Trakunwaranon. 1994. “Mahawithayalai thammasat 60 pi: bot nam sanoe kan wikhro nai khati thang phu mi horasat” [Thammasat University 60 Years: Astrological Analysis]. In Duangthip Woraphan, ed., Thammasat 60 pi [Thammasat 60 years]. Bangkok: Thammasat University.
Somchat Chuengsiriarak. 2010. Sathapatayakam tawan tok nai sayam samai ratchakan thi si - pho so 2480 [Western Architecture in Siam in the Fourth Reign]. Bangkok: Amarin Printing and Publishing.
Sura Piriyasanguanpong. 2013. “Tuek dome thammasat: sathapatayakam nok baep khong khana ratsadon” [Thammasat Dome Building: Deviation from People’s Party Style]. Thammasat University Archives Bulletin, 15 (June 2011 – May 2012): 91–95.
Thamrongsak Phetloetanan. 1994. Thammasat kan mueang thai: jak patiwat 2475 thueng 14 tulakhom 2516 – 6 tulakhom 2519 [Thammasat and Thai Politics: From 1932 to 14 October 1973 and 6 October 1976]. Bangkok: Mathichon, Arts and Culture Magazine Special Issue.
Vimolsiddhi Horayangkura, Kopkun Intharawichit, Santi Chanthawilatwong and Vira Inpanthang. 1993. Phatthana naew khwam khit lae rup baep khong ngan sathapatayakam: adit patjuban lae anakhot [Development of Concept and Design in Architecture: Past, Present, and Future]. Bangkok: Amarin.
Yongthanit Phimonsathian. 2008. “Kan anurak sathapatayakam modern”, yak than samai – sa thapatayakam samai mai nai thai pho so 2510-2530 [Conservation of Modern Architecture: Wish to be Modern, Modern Architecture in Siam, 1967–87]. Bangkok: Thailand Creative and Design Center.