The Process of Transforming the Community Fund into a Village Bank in Songkhla Province: Past and Present Lessons for the Future

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Wanchai Dhammasaccakarn
Pornpichet Hanghon


This research aims to study the modification process, empowerment and the barriers to the transformation of the community fund to the village bank. The conducting of research divided into two phase: Phase 1, 6-step interview: target area, study documentation, select key informants, training research assistant, interview and data analysis.  Phase 2, 4-step group process: defining issues of discussion, training research assistant, coordination and group discussion. The data was then analyzed and presented in a descriptive manner. The study found the psychological empowerment contributes to the process of transforming the community finance: 1) the process of transforming the community finance into a village bank. It consists of four administrative factors, namely: people, capital, office and management. Each factor has three stages: preparation, implementation and monitoring. If one of the factors is unbalanced, it leads to failure. 2) the role of psychological empowerment is divided into four dimensions: meaningfulness, competence, self-determination and impact influent to the 5 steps of change: co-planning, co-operation, change, sharing and adaptation, and 3) obstacles encountered in the four administrative factors are lack of participation of some members, liquidity, confined space and no clear plan for action, but problem solving through trial and error is a good teacher. It reflects that the strengthened village bank was born of a village bank that introduced the past to present improvements to a better future.


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Dhammasaccakarn, W., & Hanghon, P. (2018). The Process of Transforming the Community Fund into a Village Bank in Songkhla Province: Past and Present Lessons for the Future. WMS Journal of Management, 7(Special), 74-88. Retrieved from
Research Articles-Academic Articles
Author Biographies

Wanchai Dhammasaccakarn

Faculty of Liberal Arts, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai District, Songkhla 90110

Pornpichet Hanghon

Laungpusong Jantasaro for Research Foundation, Mueang Chumphon District, Chumphon 86000


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