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Mindfulness has been introduced by Dr. Jon Kabat-Zinn into the medical assistance
service and later it has been developed into several famous psychological therapies. Although
Dr. Jon Kabat-Zinn has an original intention to combine Dharma with science and make the
Dharma better benefits to people’s lives, but has the development of psychotherapy changed
the power of Dharma as compared to its applications in Buddhism? In order to respond to
this question, this article is designed as an analytical study to find out the developing path
of mindfulness from Buddhism to psychology.
In order to achieve the objective, it was divided into three parts to do the analytical
study. Firstly, it discussed the background of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) to
know the basic ideas of Buddhist mindfulness that has been taken into the medical application.
Secondly, it discussed the practical application of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy
(MBCT) to know how basic ideas is applied in psychology. Thirdly, it made an analytical
comparison of two kinds of mindfulness in Buddhism and MBCT. Based on these three parts,
it has found out the development path of mindfulness from Buddhism to psychology.
By achieving the objective, it has shown that Mindfulness-based therapies are created
in social and cultural background, it has become an interdisciplinary research object and
needs the coordinated development of the related disciplines to well understand each other
for achieving greater benefits; and mindfulness functions to realize the universal dharma
which could integrate subjective and objective dualism to form a harmonious lifestyle.
Views and opinions expressed in the articles published by The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Universities (JIABU), are of responsibility by such authors but not the editors and do not necessarily reflect those of the editors.
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