Current Problems of Faith Towards the Sangha Community and their Solution

Main Article Content

Sumanpriya Bhikkhu Barua


Faith has an important role in early Theravāda Buddhism. The Theravāda Pali
Canon lists faith as one of seven treasures (dhāna), one of five spiritual faculties (indriyas),
and one of the spiritual powers (balas). There are also other lists of virtues in which faith
is included; faith is described as an important quality in some stream-enterers, a state
preceding enlightenment. In standard descriptions of people going forth (taking ordination
as a monk), faith is usually mentioned as an important motivation. Faith in the sense of
trustful confidence – a quality more of the heart than a cognitive belief – has an important
role in Buddhism, albeit generally not as central as in some religions. Faith both leads to
calm and encourages one to seek to attain the stages of spiritual perfection. This paper
aims to search for current problems on Faith to the Saṅgha Community, to analyze their
cause and effects.

Article Details

How to Cite
Barua, S. B. (2018). Current Problems of Faith Towards the Sangha Community and their Solution. The Journal of International Association of Buddhist Universities (JIABU), 11(3), 106–121. Retrieved from
Research Article


Ajahn Jayasaro, Without and Within: Questions and Answers on the Teachings of Theravāda Buddhism, Thailand: Panyaprateep Foundation, 2013.
Bhikkhu Bodhi, Going for Refuge Taking the Precepts, Kandy: The Wheel Publication, 1981.
Bhikkhu Bodhi, The Noble Eightfold Path: The Way to the End of Suffering, (Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society, Access to Insight-Legacy Edition, November 2013).
Bhikkhu Khantipālo, Lay Buddhist Practice: The Shrine Room, Uposatha Day, and Rain Residence, Kandy: BPS Online Edition 2007.
Bhikkhu Ñāṇamolī (tr.), Khuddakanikāya (The Minor Anthologies), The Khuddaka-pātha (The Minor Readings), Oxford: PTS, 1991.
Bhikkhu Thanissaro (tr.), Cula-hatthipadopama Sutta: The Shorter Elephant Footprint Simile, Majjhimanikāya (The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha), vol I, PTS, 2005.
David Kalupahana, The Philosophy of the Middle Way, SUNY Press, 1986.
De Silva Lily, “Faith” in Malalasekera, Gunapala Piyasena, Encyclopaedia of Buddhism.
De Silva Lily, Faith, (Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Government of Ceylon, Vol. V, 2002.
Estlin Carpernter J. (ed.), The Digha Nikāya, London: PTS, 1976.
F.L. Woodward (tr.), Anguttara-nikāya: The Gradual Sayings, vol V, Oxford: PTS, 1996.
Geshe Kelsang Gyatso, Modern Buddhism: The Path Compassion and Wisdom, USA: Tharpa Publications, 2nd editions, 2013
Giustarini Giuliano, Faith and renunciation in Early Buddhism: saddha and nekkhamma, (Firenze: Firenze University Press, 2006
Harve Peter (2nd ed.), An introduction to Buddhism: teachings, history and practices, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Harvey Peter (2nd ed.), An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Horner, I.B. (tr.), Majjhimanikaya: The Middle Length Sayings, vol I, Oxford: PTS, 1995, also see A. III, 2.
Horner, I.B., (tr.), The Book of Discipline (Vinaya–Pitaka), vol II, Oxford: PTS, 1957.
Lamotte, Etienne, History of Indian Buddhism: from the origins to the saka era, French: Institute Orientalist, 1988.
Leon, Feer M. (ed.), Samyuttanikāya, vol V, Oxford: PTS, 1994.
Mahathera A.P. Buddhadatta, English-Pali Dictionary, (Delhi: Bharatiya Kala Prakashan, Revised Edition: 2006.
Malcolm Voyce, Foucault, Buddhism and Disciplinary Rules, New York: Routledge, 2017.
Ñāṇamolī Bhikkhu (tr.), Visuddhimagga: The Path of Purification, Kandy: BPS, 1991.
Ñāṇamolī Bhikkhu and Bhikkhu Bodhi (tr.), Majjhimanikāya (The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha), vol IV, Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1995.
Ñyanaponika Thera, Devotion in Buddhism and Courageous Faith, Kandy: BPS, 1994.
Ñyanatiloka Mahathera, Buddhist Dictionary Manual of Buddhist Terms & Doctrines, tr. by Ñyanaponika, (Singapore: Singapore Buddhist Meditation Centre, 1987.
Peter Masefield, (tr.), The Udāna, Oxford: PTS, 1997.
Phra Brahmapundit & Peter Harvey, Common Buddhist Text: Guidance and Insight from the Buddha, Thialand: Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University Press, 2017.
Reginald A. Ray, Buddhist Saints in India: A Study in Buddhist Values and Orientations, New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Robert E. and Buswell, Jr., “Ancestors”, Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Vol. 1, 2003.
S. Dhammika, The Broken Buddha: Critical Reflections on Theravada and a Plea for a New Buddhism, Seite 39 von 66.
Sallaya Ratanopas, Developing Competency Model of Theravada Buddhist Monks in Thailand, a dissertation for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, (Human Resource and Organization Development) Graduate School of Human Resource Development, National Institute of Development of Administration, 2013.
Somparn Promta, Buddhism and Human Genetic Research, The Chulalongkorn Journal of Buddhist Studies, vol 3, 2004.
Steven Collins, Selfless Persons: Imagery and Thought in Theravada Buddhism, Cambridge, 1990.
Takakusu, J. and Nagai M. (ed.), Samantapāsādikā (commentary on Vinaya-pitaka), vols. I- VIII, Oxford: PTS, 1975-1982.
The Light of Buddha, Burma Buddhist Society, Mandalay, Vol. III. No. 1, Monthly Magazine, January 1958, p. 4. Electronic Publish by Pariyatti Publication, USA.,
Thera soma, (tr.) Faith in the Buddhist Teaching, wheel 262.
Thomas, Edward J. (2nd ed.), The History of Buddhist Thought, History of Civilization, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Press, 1953.
Trencker, (ed.), Majjhimanikāya (The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha), vol I, Oxford: PTS, 1993.
Ven. Khammai Dhammasami D. Phil, The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Universities, (JIABU), Thailand: Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University Press, vol. 1, 2008.
Ven. Ñyanatiloka (tr.), Buddhist Dictionary: Manual of Buddhist Terms & Doctrines, 4th eds., edited by Ñyanaponika, Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society, 1980.
Warder, A.K., Indian Buddhism, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, 2000.