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Over the last forty years, health professionals have used Buddhist Mindfulnessbased meditation practices together with Cognitive Therapeutic counseling in order to treat a
range of human psycho-physical and social problems. Two examples of these endeavors are
Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR), developed in the 1970s by Jon Kabat-Zinn at
the University of Massachusetts Medical Center, and Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy
(MBCT), developed by John Teasdale, Mark Williams and Zindel Segal at Cambridge,
England, in 1991. Mindfulness-based psychotherapeutic techniques are now studied and
used in universities, hospitals, clinics, businesses, and households all over the world, and
the real effectiveness and conceptual basis of such practices have come under increasingly
Some researchers have observed that some studies of mindfulness-based therapeutic
tools were done following unsound methodologies and that the negative effects of
mindfulness-based therapies on some individuals have been poorly researched or ignored.
Others discuss the difficulties in understanding what is really going on when mindfulness
and cognitive therapy are used together in the laboratory and are used to alleviate human mental, physical and social maladies. However, there is plenty of evidence to show that
MBSR and MBCT do provide proven (and often life-changing) assistance to people with
certain types of problems. For example, MBCT was found to be effective for preventing
relapses of depressive episodes among those who had experienced three or more major
depressive disorder episodes, according to a 2016 meta-analysis.
The author of this paper is particularly interested in applying mindfulness-based
psychotherapeutic tools to the challenge of helping people to significantly improve their
self-confidence, a challenge that he believes are worthwhile and on the basis of evidence, a
promising one. The thesis of this paper is to provide a conceptual analysis of the research
path. More specifically, the thesis of the paper is to show that the concept of MBCT (which
consists in the combination of the concept of mindfulness-based meditation and the concept
of cognitive therapy) can be used to improve our conceptualization of the mental health
problem of low self-confidence and its improvement. In this paper, low self-confidence is
considered to be a mental disorder.
Views and opinions expressed in the articles published by The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Universities (JIABU), are of responsibility by such authors but not the editors and do not necessarily reflect those of the editors.
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