The Contribution of Thai Bhikkhunīs to the Society

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Sobhita Malikul


Since the determination of the Buddha to allow women’s ordination as Bhikkhunīs
to help spreading his teaching, their roles as well as their contribution have begun. Although
their roles in Thai society are not clear at present, it is inevitable to state that their
contribution to the Thai society is huge. This paper, which is a qualitative research based
largely on the results from in-depth interviews, is thus an attempt to analyze the Thai
Bhikkhunīs’ contributions to the society, with more than 200 Thai Bhikkhunīs are currently
residing in 30 provinces and abroad. The findings resulting from the interviews show that
Thai Bhikkhunīs have played great roles in offering Dhamma education, meditation training
and even bringing about “social engaged Buddhism” to the awareness of the general public.
Besides, the contribution to education as well as Dhamma practice and social work is
the most important field where Bhikkhunīs should continue their work to gain acceptance as
female monks from the general public in Thailand.


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How to Cite
Malikul, S. (2018). The Contribution of Thai Bhikkhunīs to the Society. The Journal of International Association of Buddhist Universities (JIABU), 11(3), 212–225. Retrieved from
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