“I am the limitless sky.”: Beyond the Ocularcentrism

Main Article Content

kengkij kitireanglap


           This research paper aims to answer the question: how can we position our relationship with the world in such a way that it is not dependent on an ocularcentric way of thinking? To answer this question, this paper will engage with a number of texts to help in the discussion. There is a sharp distinction between a western approach to thought that emphasizes the use of the eyes and vision and alternative, critical approaches that emphasize the holistic use of all the senses. While a number of anthropologists have criticized ocularcentrism, they nonetheless continue to separate and divide the senses, some focusing on the sense of touch instead of vision; but in Tim Ingold's view, who is influenced by Maurice Merleau-Ponty, the senses of human beings are holistic. Senses can not be separated into parts. This approach includes a contemporary architecture theory known as "atmospheric studies," which points out that human perception of the world requires being-in-the-world in a way that the atmosphere and humans are not separated from each other. In the late 20th century, the idea of synesthesia was proposed as a solution. But from the author’s point of view, the conceptof synesthesia still does not offer a solution to the dilemma of overcoming ocularcentrism.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
kitireanglap, kengkij. (2022). “I am the limitless sky.”: Beyond the Ocularcentrism. Journal of Anthropology, Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre (JASAC), 5(1), 13–39. Retrieved from https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jasac/article/view/257156
Academic Article


Abram, D. 1997. The Spell of the Sensuous: Perception and Language in More-Than-Human World. New York: Vintage Books.

Abram, D. 2018. “The Forgetting and Remembering of the Air.” in Judha

Su and Mi You eds., Storytellers Before the Dawn: An Anthology.

(pp. 133-196). Bangkok: Ghost Foundation and OPEN FIELD.

Balibar, E. 2020. Spinoza, The Transindividual. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Blanchot, M. 1995. The Writing of the Disaster. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press.

Böhme, G. 2014. “Urban Atmosphere: Charting New Directions for Architecture and Urban Planning.” in Christian Borch ed., Architectural Atmospheres: On Experience and the Politics of Architecture. (pp. 42-59). Basel: Birkhauser.

Böhme, G. 2017. Atmospheric Architectures: The Aesthetics of Felt Spaces. London and New York: Bloomsbury.

Borch, C. ed. 2014. Architectural Atmospheres: On Experience and the

Politics of Architecture. Basel: Birkhauser.

Butler, S. and Purves, A. eds. 2013. Synaesthesia and the Ancient Senses.

Durham: Acumen.

Cytowic, R. E. 2002. Synesthesia: A Union of the Senses. Cambridge and London: The MIT Press.

Derrida, J. 1994. Of Grammatology. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Descola, P. 2013. Beyond Nature and Culture. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.

Griffero, T. 2017. Quasi-Things: The Paradigm of Atmospheres. New York: SUNY Press.

Haraway, D. 2016. “The Companion Species Manifesto: Dogs, People,

and Significant Otherness.” in Manifestly Haraway. (pp. 91-198). Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press.

Ingold, T. 2000. “Stop, look and listen!: Vision, hearing and human movement.” In The Perception of Environment: Essays on Livelihood, Dwelling and Skill. (pp. 243-287). New York and London: Routledge.

Ingold, T. 2011. “Against space: place, movement and knowledge.” in

Being Alive: Essays on Movement, Knowledge and Description. (pp. 145-155). London and New York: Routledge.

Ingold, T. 2011. “Landscape or Weather-World?.” in Being Alive: Essays

on Movement, Knowledge and Description. pp. 126-135. London and New York: Routledge.

Jullien, F. 2012. The Great Image Has No Form, or On the Nonobject Through Painting. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

Jullien, F. 2018. Living Off Landscape: or the Unthought-of in Reason. London and New York: Rowman & Littlefield International.

Jullien, F. 2020. From Being to Living: a Euro-Chinese Lexicon of Thought.

London and Los Angeles: SAGE.

Lloyd, G. E. R. 2007. Cognitive Variations: Reflections on the Unity & Diversity of the Human Mind. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Lusseyran, J. 2016. Against the Pollution of the I: On the Gifts of Blindness, the Power of Poetry, and the Urgency of Awareness. Novato, California: New York World Library.

Mathews, F. 2011. “Toward a Deeper Philosophy of Biomimicry.” Organi-

zation & Environment, 24(4), 364-387.

McLuhan, E. 2015. The Sensus Communis, Synesthesia, and the Soul: An Odyssey. Toronto and New York: BPS Books.

Moore, J. W. 2015. Capitalism in the Web of Life: Ecology and Accumulation of Capital. London and New York: Verso.

Ong, W. J. 2002. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the World.

London and New York: Routledge.

Pallasmaa, J. 2012. The Eye of the Skin: Architecture and the Senses. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons.

Rogowska, A. M. 2015. Synaesthesia and Individual Differences. Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press.

Sloterdijk, P. 1987. Critique of Cynical Reason. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press.

van Campen, C. 2007. The Hidden Sense: Synesthesia in Art and Science.

Cambridge and London: The MIT Press.

Viveiros de Castro, E. 2015. The Relative Native: Essays on Indigenous Conceptual Worlds. Chicago: HAU Books.

Zumthor, P. 2006. Atmospheres. Basel: Birkhauser