Geographical Memory, Machine Technology and the Ecological Poetics: Rewriting the Environment in Remains of Elmet

Main Article Content

Chaiyon Tongsukkaeng

Abstract

By incorporating the actuality of childhood landscapes with his poetic imagination, Ted Hughes recreates a cultural geography which unfolds social and historical significance through the ecological language. Remains of Elmet is a product of rewriting geographical memory as much as considering the influences of the Industrial Revolution and war experience in the Yorkshire environment. This paper aims to examine Hughes’ poetic creativity by investigating poems in relation to a discussion of environmental transformations by technology and war. The study shows that the legacy of war is palpable in the reinterpretation of the landscapes intervened by social and historical changes in the cultural memorial of cenotaph. With emphasis on values, Hughes’ poetry reveals his affinity with his environment seen as natural resources such as stones and rocks, in line with Heidegger’s question of the instrumentality. Moreover, the language of metaphor and the register of the body inform Hughes’ keen observation of human community and non-human nature which are re-imagined ecocritically.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Articles
Author Biography

Chaiyon Tongsukkaeng

Chaiyon Tongsukkaeng is currently a PhD Candidate at School of English, University of Leeds. He is a lecturer at Department of Western Languages and Linguistics, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Maha Sarakham University. His research interests include Ecocriticism and Literature of Environment, English and American Poetry and Thai literature.

References

Bate, Jonathan. Romantic Ecology: Wordsworth and Environmental Tradition. London: Routledge, 1991.

------------------. The Song of the Earth. London: Picador, 2000. Print.
Bordo, Susan. “Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body”. The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. Ed. Vincent B. Leitch. 2nd ed. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 2001. 2240-54.

Goodbody, Axel. “Sense of Place and Lieu de Memoire: A Cultural Memory Approach to Environmental Texts” Ecocritical Theory: New European Approached. Ed. Axel Goodbody and Kate Rigby. Charlottesville and London: The University of Virginia Press, 2011. 55-67.

Hadley, Edward. The Elegies of Ted Hughes. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).

Heaney, Seamus. “Englands of the Mind” Preoccupations: Selected Prose 1968-1978. London: Faber and Faber, 1980. 150-69.

Heidegger, Martin. Poetry, Language and Thought. Trans. Albert Hofstadter. New York: Harper Perennial, 2001.

---------------------. The Question Concerning Technology. Trans. William Lovitt. New York and London: Harper and Row, 1977.

Hughes, Ted. Collected Poems. Ed. Paul Keegan. London: Faber and Faber, 2003.

James, Simon. “Heidegger and the Role of the Body in Environmental Virtue”. The Trumpeter, 18 (2002): 1-9.
http://trumpeter.athabascau.ca/index.php/trumpet/article/view/117/123
Lussier, Mark. “Blake and Science Studies”. William Blake Studies. Ed. Nicholas M. Williams. London: Palgrave, 2000.186-213.

Lynch, Tom, Cheryll Glotfelty and Karla Armbruster. eds. The Bioregional Imagination: Literature, Ecology, and Place. London: University of Georgia Press, 2012.

Marx, Leo. The Machine in the Garden: Technology and Pastoral Ideal in America. 35th ed. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000.

Mathews, Freya. The Ecological Self. London: Routledge, 1994. Print.
Peters, Michael, and Ruth Irwin. “Earthsongs: Ecopoetics, Heidegger and Dwelling”. The Trumpeter.18 (2002): 1-17.

Plumwood, Val. “Journey to the Heart of Stones” Culture, Creativity and Environment, Eds. Fiona Becket and Terry Gifford. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2007. 17-36.

Reid, Chistopher. ed. Letters of Ted Hughes. London: Faber, 2009.

Scigaj, Leonard M. Ted Hughes. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1991.

-----------------------. “Ted Hughes and Ecology: A Biocentric Vision”. The Challenge of Ted Hughes. Ed. Keith Sagar. Basinstoke: Macmillan Press, 1994. 160-81.

Skea, Ann. “Ted Hughes and the British Bardic Tradition”(1994) in Symposium Paper. University of Cairo. Web. 13 February 2013. http://ann.skea.com/cairo.htm,
Soper, Kate. What is Nature?. Oxford: Blackwell, 1995.

Thacker, Andrew. “The Idea of a Critical Literary Geography” New Formations. 57(2005): 56-73.

Westling, Louise. “Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty: Ecopoetics and the Problem of Humanism”. Culture, Creativity and Environment, Eds. Fiona Becket and Terry Gifford. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2007. 233-47.