Challenges Relating to the Development of an Early Childhood Library in Ban Than Nun School in Krabi Province

Main Article Content

Krissana Onkaew
Nichapa Promyod
Tarit Sornnirun
ํYaowaluk Suwannakhae

Abstract

     The objective of this qualitative research was to study challenges pertaining to the development of a school library in Ban Tha Nun school in Krabi Province, Thailand. In the process of this investigation, the researchers examined and reviewed various sources and applied three theories, namely: the Intelligence Development Theory, the Theory of Learning, and the Theory of Multiple Intelligences, in order to establish a conceptual framework and for the purposes of data analysis. The research consisted of eight key informants, including: the school director, the school's institutional committee, professional level teachers and the administrative staff, respectively. Relevant data were then collected through participants’ observations and group discussions, as well as through semi-structured interviews, using appropriate forms, prior and after the research. The Octagon Library Project was then implemented as a part of the field work activity from August 2020 to December 2020.  Triangulation methods were used for data analysis and for the purpose of discussions. The research results revealed that the school’s library encountered a number of challenges, including: lack of suitable library materials, inadequate physical environment, lack of appropriate technology and reading activities, as well as the absence of a fulltime librarian.  Thus, the implementation of the Library’s Project helped to resolve a number of related issues and led to a more effective and organized library with appropriate library resources for its young users. Building an online Octagon Library website, as a part of this research, encouraged more technology use as a new method for reading and learning, and created more interest in using the library in general. This will likely help to cultivate greater reading habits, support teachers’ instruction, and will assist with teaching activities. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Research Article

References

American Association of School Librarians. (2018). Future Ready Framework. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/aasl.

Banthanun School. (2019). Banthanun School Introduction. [Video].

Charernsri, L. & Hemchayart, W. (2020). Environmental Arrangements of Children Library In Bangkok Discovery Learning Library. OJED, 15(1), 1-11. [In Thai].

Chumai, T. (2016). Growth and Development of Early Childhood. Hua Hin Sook Jai Klai Kangwon Journal, 1(2), 18-33. [In Thai].

Edutopia. (2022). Multiple Intelligences: What Does the Research Say? . Retrieved From https://www.edutopia.org/multiple-intelligences-research.

Manichot, S. (2010). Development of a library at Tha Sala Prasit School District Office.Secondary Education District 12. (Master of Science Thesis). Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajabhat University. [In Thai].

Marenus, M. (2020). Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligence. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/multiple-intelligences.htm.

National Library NewZealand. (2018). School Library Development Framework. Retrieved from https://natlib.govt.nz/.

New National Educational Act. (2019). Retrieved from http://psdg- obec.nma6.go.th/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/uploads/2015/03.

Office of the Basic Education Commission. (2013). School library standards under the Office of the Basic Education Commission, 2013. Bangkok: The Office. [In Thai]

Office of the Education Council (OEC). (2009). Proposals for the Second Decade of Education Reform (2009-2018), Bangkok: OEC.

Office of the National Education Commission, (1999) National Education Act B.E. 2542 (1999) And Amendments (Second National Education Act B.E. 2545 (2002). Retrieved from http://www.bic.moe.go.th/images/stories/5Porobor._2542pdf.pdf. [In Thai].

Paichumnan, O. (2020, August 20). Personal communication [Personal interview].

Phersongsri, K. (2013). Perceptions of Library Management Effectiveness of Educational Personnel in Nakhon Si Thammarat Secondary Schools Educational Area 12. Journal of Southern Technology, 6(2), 35-42. [In Thai].

Prachasuk, R. & Chalermvongsave, W. (2020). Needs Assessment for Library Services of an Educational Opportunity Expansion Prainsuksa Klomsakul Utid School School Under Phra Nakhorn Si Ayutthaya Primary Educational Service Area Office 1. TLA Research Journal .13(1), 51-65. [In Thai].

Sanghaow,N., Pollharn,C. & Ubonlert, W. (2020). Guidelines for the Development of Learning Resources in School Under Maha Sarakham Primary Educational Service Area Office 2. RMU journal, 14(2). 67-74. [In Thai].

The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions. (2019). School Libraries Gateways to Development. Retrieved from https://www.ifla.org.

Western Governors University. (2020). What is humanistic learning theory in education?. Retrieved from https://www.wgu.edu/blog/what-humanistic-learning-theory-education2007.html.