Yiguandao: The New Religious Movement That Needs No Science
Yiguandao, a laypeople’s new religious movement, is scrutinized in this paper through an ethnographic methodology conducted in Thailand and Indonesia. It found that (1) Yiguandao is not marginalized by mainstream Buddhism without any negotiation, instead, it interprets the new teaching to respond as well. However, its successful methods do not necessarily base on scientific explanations. (2) It emphasizes that people are able to get enlightenment in this very life, but must be helped by Chinese gods. Therefore, degrees of the Chinese identity embodied in Yiguandao’s practices vary based upon religio-politics in each country.
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