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The purpose of this research was to compare scientific learning achievement, ability of problem solving and Scientific mind of Mattayomsuksa 3 students between problem-based learning and traditional learning managements. The participants in this study was Mattayomsuksa 3 students in the second semester of the 2016 academic year at Piboonbumpen Demonstration School, Burapha University. The sampling, by using Cluster Random Sampling, was divided into 2 classes: One class for the experimental group consisted of 36 students that was instructed by using problem-based learning and other class for the control group consisted of 34 students was instructed by using traditional learning management. The research instruments were lesson plans based on problem-based learning, lesson plans based on traditional learning management, learning achievement test, ability of problem solving test, and Scientific mind test. The data were statistically analyzed by using mean, standard deviation, and independent t-test. The findings of this research are as follows:
1. The scientific learning’s students achievement, after they were taught by using traditional learning management, was higher than the students were taught by using problem-based learning at the .05 significant level.
2. The problem solving’s students ability, after they were taught by using problem-based learning, was higher than the students were taught by using traditional learning management at the .05 significant level.
3. The scientific mind’s students, after using problem-based learning management, was higher than the students were taught by using traditional learning management at the .05 significant level.
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