A STUDY OF IMPORTANT HABITS OF MIND FOR UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE 21ST CENTURY การศึกษาจิตนิสัยสำคัญของนักเรียนมัธยมศึกษาตอนปลายในศตวรรษที่ 21

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Namthip Ongardwanich
Thunyavadee Gumjudpai


The objectives of this study are 1) to examine the habits of mind of the upper secondary-school students; 2) to compare the upper secondary-school students’ habits of mind, categorized by gender, study plan, and school size; and 3) to study the encouragement of the upper secondary-school students’ habits of mind. The study consists of 2 phrases: Phrase I is to examine quantitative data; while Phrase II is to examine the qualitative data. The sample group includes 1,370 upper secondary-level students from Lower-northern part of Thailand. The sample size is measured by the principle of Power Analysis through G*POWER program. The research instruments are questionnaire, interview, and focus group. Quantitative data are analyzed, and the variances is also done through basic statistics. Qualitative data are analyzed by content analysis. The results of the study are found as following. 1) The upper secondary-school students’ habits of mind are in the high level. 2) The students’ habits of mind are different, which can be explained that girls have higher habits of mind than boys and Science Study Plan students have higher habits of mind than those who are in Arts and Language Study Plan. However, the habits of mind do not differ according to the school size. And 3) the habits of mind encouragements include more interactions among students in class, teachers’ understanding of each student’s individuality, teaching adaptation for the students’ nature, related-persons’ readiness for supporting, and study networking with other people.


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Ongardwanich, N. ., & Gumjudpai, T. . (2020). A STUDY OF IMPORTANT HABITS OF MIND FOR UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE 21ST CENTURY: การศึกษาจิตนิสัยสำคัญของนักเรียนมัธยมศึกษาตอนปลายในศตวรรษที่ 21. JOURNAL OF EDUCATION NARESUAN UNIVERSITY, 23(2), 192–204. Retrieved from https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edujournal_nu/article/view/235633
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