The Mix of Four Regimes: Monarchy, Bureaucratic Polity, Plutocracy, and Democracy

Main Article Content

Thirapat Serirangsan

Abstract

           “Thai” is one of the most ancient nations in the world that have had evolvingvarious political regimes. In the ancient time, this nation went through many forms of monarchy, i.e. paternalism and meritocracy monarchy in the Sukhothai Kingdom period, divine monarchy in the Ayutthaya Kingdom to early Rattanakosin Kingdom, and absolute monarchy in the reign of King Chulalongkorn. After the 1932 Siamese Revolution, the Khana Ratsadorn, a group of military and civil officers who staged a coup against King Prajadhipok, transformed the absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy and tried to democratize the country. But, until this day, democracy in Thailand has not been consolidated, at least in part because of interference favoring three other forms of polity: 1) bureaucratic polity under military rule; 2) semi-democracy, in which the military and political parties co-govern; and 3) plutocracy, under the rule of capitalists or money politicians who rose to power through the election process.


          This article aims to show that, after many centuries of transformation, Thailand’s socio-politics is being among the mix of four regimes: monarchy, bureaucratic polity, plutocracy, and democracy, that still try to absolutely democratize this country.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Serirangsan, T. (2020). The Mix of Four Regimes: Monarchy, Bureaucratic Polity, Plutocracy, and Democracy. King Prajadhipok’s Institute Journal, 16(1), 5–21. Retrieved from https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/kpi_journal/article/view/243793
Section
Original Articles

References

Batson, Benjamin A. (1984). The End of the Absolute Monarchy in Siam. Oxford and New York : Oxford University Press.

Heine-Geldern, Robert. (1956). “Conceptions of State and Kingship in Southeast Asia”. Data Paper no. 18. Southeast Asia Program, Department of Asian Studies, Cornell University./New York.

Huntington, Samuel. (1968). Political Order in Changing Societies. New Haven : Yale University Press.