Main Article Content
This article is to provide an introduction to the deliberation applied for policy analysis to see patterns and techniques that help us develop better quality policy. This kind of analysis will emphasize the importance of humanity by allowing for participation, giving public reasoning, with privileged status in the deliberative process. In this process, we use dialogue to explore learning and understanding data, opinions, and assumptions on their idea of each parties in order to define the problem and determine a common purpose. Then, deliberation is applied as the method for assessing and weighting choices and making decision among policy options. To joint decision, both methods require facilitators who understand several techniques in effective process management. The heart of the techniques is to create and provide an atmosphere of trust that can encourage everyone to talk and listen to each other. To control the deliberative process, the facilitator can use the tactic of repeating the rules have been set through mutual agreement of the participants involved.
@ 2020 King Prajadhipok's Institute The Government Complex Commemorating All Right Reserved.
Abelson, J. (2009). “Opportunities and Challenges in the use of Public Deliberation to inform Public Health Policies”. American Journal of Bioethics. 9, 24-25.
Brennan, Jason. (2016). Against Democracy. Princeton. N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Button, Mark, David Michael Ryfe. (2005). “What can We Learn from the Practice of Deliberative Democracy?”. In The Deliberative Democracy Handbook: Strategies for Effective Civic Engagement in 21st Century. edited by Gastil, John, Pever Levine San Francisco : John Wiley & Son.
Button, Mark. David Michael Ryfe. (2005). “What can we learn from Practice of Deliberative Democracy?”. In The Deliberative Democracy Handbook : Strategies for Effective Civil Engagement in 21st Century Editors. edited by John Gastil and Peter Levine. San fransisco. CA. : John Willey & Son Inc. Jossey Bass.
Bohman, James. (1996). Public Deliberation : Pluralism, Complexity, and Democracy. Cambridge. MA : MIT Press.
Bohman, James. (2009). The Dialogic Turn : Dialogue for Deliberation. Inspire Journal of Law, Politics and Society. 4 (2) pp. 42-70.
Cohen, Joshua (1996). “Procedure and Substance in Deliberative Democracy”. In Democracy and Differences :Contesting the boundaries of political. edited by S. Benhabib. Princeton University Press. 95-119.
Cohen Joshua. (1997). “Deliberation and Democratic Legitmacy”. In Deliberative Democracy : Essays on Reason and Politics. edited by Jame Bohman & William Rehg, London MIT press.
Escobar, Oliver. (2002). Public Dialogue and Deliberation : A Communication Perspective for Public Engagement Practitioners. Edinburgh, Scotland.
Fiskin, James S. (2009). When the people Speak. :Deliberating Democracy and Public Consultation. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
Fischer, Frank. (1998). Beyond Empiricism : Policy Inquiry in Postpostivist Perspective. Policy Studies Journal. Vol.26. No.1 (Spring), 1998, 129-146.
Fischer, Frank. (1990). Technocracy and Politics of Expertise. Newbury Park. CA: Sage.
Frewer, L.J. and G. Rowe. (2005). “Evaluating Public Participation Excercises : Strategic Practical Issues”. In Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Evaluating Public Participation in Policy Making. Paris. 85-108.
Guttmann, Thompson, (2003). “Deliberative Democracy and beyond Process” in Debating Deliberative democracy. edited by J. Fiskin P. Laslett., Oxford. Blackwell Publishers.
Healey, Patsy. (2005). Collaborative Planning. second Edition. London: Palgrave Macmillan Press.
Hawkesworth, M.E. (1988). Theoretical Issues in Policy Analysis. Albany: Sunny Press.
Hajer, Maarten A., and Wagenaar Hendrik. (2003). Deliberative Policy Analysis: Understanding Governance in Network Society. Cambridge University Press.
Habermas, Jurgen. (1998). On the Pragmatics of Communication ed. Cambridge, Mass; MIT.
Heirbacher, Sandy. (2005). The Engage stream Framework. National Coalition for Dialouge & Deliberation (NCDD). www.ncdd.org
Hisschemoller, Matthijs. and Ecfje Cuppen. (2015). “Participatory Assessment : Tools for Empowering, Learning and Legitimating?” In The Tool for Policy Formulation. Edited by Andrew J. Jordan, and Turnpenny, John R. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. UK.
Innes, Judith E., and David E. Booher. (2010). Planning with Complexity : An Introduction to collaborative rationality for Public Policy. New York Routledge.
Lovan, W. Robert W., Michael Murray, and Ron Shaffer. (2004). Participatory Governance Planning, Conflict Mediation and Public Decision Making in Civil Society. UK. Ashgate plublishing.
Parkinson, John. (2006). Deliberating in the Real world : Problems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy. Oxford University Press.
Sirinni, Carmen. (2009). Investing in Democracy : Engaging Citizens in Collaborative Governance. Washington D.C: Brookings Institution Press.
Scutchfield F.D., Hall, L& Ireson, C.L. (2006). “The Public and Public Health Organizations: Issues for Community Engagement in Public Health”. Health Policy. 77, 76-85.
Schon, Donald. (1983). The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action. New York : Basic Books.