Main Article Content
Education in Malaysia adopts a continuous process for developing physical, emotional, spiritual, and intellectual capacity of individuals. Such are the core components in Malaysia’s National Education Philosophy, befitting the functions of university which focus on developing the intellectual, educational, and social capacity among individuals in the society. That said, a university’s activities involve the participation of various levels and groups in the community. This paper reports the qualitative findings of a study which identified the components of university-community engagement (UCE) concept, being aware of the absence of its proper study despite the nation-wide UCE implementation. Input from eminent higher education leaders, school students, business community and non-governmental organization have been gathered, leading to the identification of components of university-community engagement. This has shed light on the approaches to be taken by universities in substantiating their strategic interventions to develop impactful UCE initiatives.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Australian Universities Community Alliance (AUCEA). (2006). AUCE Position Paper. retrieved September 2, 2013 from https://www.universityworldnews.com/filemgmt _data/ files/AUCEA%20Position%20Paper.pdf
Bakar, F. A., Sharif, Z., & Abdullah, Z. (2018). Understanding university-community engagement (UCE): A preliminary study of UUM. National Academy of Managerial Staff of Culture and Arts Herald, 1(2018). 842-846.
Bandy, J. (2018). What is service learning or community engagement? Retrieved December 3, 2018 from https://cft.vanderbilt.edu/guides-sub-pages/teaching-through-community-engagement/
Boulton, G. (2009). Global: What are universities for? Retrived from https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20090326200944986
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. (2012). The Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. Retrieved September 12, 2013 from https://classifications.carnegiefoundation.org/descriptions/ community engagement.php
Centre for Knowledge, Innovation, Technology & Enterprise (KITE). (2010). Final Report: University approaches to engagement with excluded communities. Centre for Knowledge, Innovation, Technology & Enterprise (KITE). Retrieved April 21, 2013 from https://www.impact-hei.ac.uk/Portals/8/wp%202%203%20region%20survey.pdf
Cummings, T., & Worley, C. (2015). Organization Development and Change. Stanford, CT: Cengage learning.
Government of Botswana (2008). Towards A Knowledge Society, Tertiary Education Policy, retrieved July 13, 2017 from https://www.ub.bw/ip/documents/2008_Policywhite paperapproved Government%20of%20Botswana.pdf
Humphrey, L. (2013). University–community engagement. In Benneworth P. (Ed) University Engagement with Socially Excluded Communities. Dordrech: Springer.
Jackson, R. L., Drummond, D. K., & Camara, S. (2007). What is qualitative research? Qualitative Research Reports in Communication, 8(1), 21-28. doi.org/10.1080/17459430701617879
Lucchesi, M. A. S. (2005). The Production of Scientific Knowledge as the Episteme of Teaching in the University, retrieved July 13, 2017 from https://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/documents/142848.htm
Mathews, J. A., & Hu, M. C. (2007). Enhancing the role of universities in building national innovative capacity in Asia: The case of Taiwan. World Development, 35(6), 1005-1020. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2006.05.012
Ministry of Education Malaysia. (2012). Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013-2025. Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/dyn/youthpol/en/equest.fileutils.dochandle?p_uploaded_ file_id=406
MOHE. (2011). Knowledge Transfer Programme – KTP. Higher Education Department, Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia. Retrieved May 12, 2019 from https://www.um.edu.my/docs/default-source/about-um_document/administration/deputy-vc-office/centre-for-community-network/ktp-policy.pdf
Motoyama, Y., & Mayer, H. (2017). Revisiting the roles of the university in regional economic development: A triangulation of data. Growth and change, 48(4), 787-804. doi.org/10.1111/grow.12186
Nordin, M. K. (2013). Pengajian Tinggi Pemacu Daya Saing Malaysia. Retrieved April 11, 2013 from https://www.mohe.gov.my/portal/images/infokpt/ucapan/menteri/ Amanat%20 Tahun%20Baharu%202013.pdf
O'Connell, M. (2016). What role should universities play in today’s society? Retrieved December 3, 2018 from https://theconversation.com/what-role-should-universities-play-in-todays-society-63515
Slamat, J. (2010). Community engagement as scholarship: A response to Hall. Kagisano, 6, 104-114.
Terry, G., Hayfield, N., Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2017). Thematic analysis. In Willig, C. & Rogers, W. S. (Eds). The Sage handbook of qualitative research in psychology, London, UK: SAGE Publications Ltd
UNESCO. (1991). The Role of Higher Education in Society: Quality and Pertinence. Retrieved December 3, 2008 from https://www.unesco.org/education/pdf/24_133.pdf
Zakaria, A. (2000). Educational development and reformation in the Malaysian education system: challenges in the new millennium. Journal of Southeast Asian Education, 1(1), 113-133.