Main Article Content
The research aims to empirically verify the role of psychological empowerment in its contribution to innovative work behavior, with knowledge sharing as a mediating variable. This research was conducted in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) located in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, which is one of the provinces with the most significant growth of creative industries and tourism in Indonesia. The study used a quantitative approach with purposive sampling technique. Questionnaires were distributed to 500 employees from 50 SMEs from different types of businesses. Statistical analysis was conducted by using structural equation modeling with Smart-Partial Least Squares (PLS). The results show that the three dimensions of psychological empowerment: meaning (β=.09, p<.05), competence (β=.05,
p<.01), and self-determination (β=.10, p<.01), were positively related to innovative work behavior. Furthermore, our findings showed that knowledge sharing partially mediated the relationship between meaning (β=.13,
p<.05) and self-determination (β=.15, p<.05) to innovative work behavior, while full mediation for the impact dimension (β=.07, p<.01). These findings offer implications regarding how psychological empowerment can enhance innovative work behavior through knowledge sharing in SMEs.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Amabile, T. M., & Gryskiewicz, N. D. (1989). The creative environment scales: Work environment inventory. Creativity Research Journal, 2(4), 231-253. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400418909534321
Amabile, T. M. (1988). A model of creativity and innovation in organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior, 10(1), 123-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.riob.2016.10.001
Ardichvili, A., Page, V., & Wentling, T. (2003). Motivation and barriers to participation in virtual knowledge-sharing communities of practice. Journal of Knowledge Management, 7(1), 64-77. https://doi.org/10.1108/13673270310463626
Ashforth, B. E., & Mael, F. (1989). Social identity theory and the organization. Academy of Management Review, 14(1), 20-39. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1989.4278999
Bartol, K. M., & Srivastava, A. (2002). Encouraging knowledge sharing: The role of organizational reward systems. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 9(1), 64-76. https://doi.org/10.1177/107179190200900105
BPS (Statistics Indonesia). (2018). Laporan Ekonomi Indonesia 2018 [Indonesia economic report 2018]. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.
Brief, A. P., & Nord, W. R. (1990). Meanings of occupational work: A collection of essays (Issues in organization and management series) (pp.1-19). Lanham, MD: Lexington.
Brislin, R. W. (1970). Back-translation for cross-cultural research. Journal of cross-cultural psychology, 1(3), 185-216. https://doi.org/10.1177/135910457000100301
Carmeli, A., & Spreitzer, G. (2009). Trust, connectivity, and thriving: implications for innovative work behavior. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 43(3), 169-191. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2162-6057.2009.tb01313.x
Çakar, N. D., & Ertürk, A. (2010). Comparing innovation capability of small and medium‐sized enterprises: examining the effects of organizational culture and empowerment. Journal of Small Business Management, 48(3), 325-359. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-627X.2010.00297.x
Chen, C. H. V., & Kao, R. H. (2011). A multilevel study on the relationships between work characteristics, self-efficacy, collective efficacy, and organizational citizenship behavior: The Case of Taiwanese Police Duty-Executing Organizations. The Journal of Psychology, 145(4), 361-390. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2011.574168
Cheng, M. Y. (2002). Socializing knowledge management: The influence of the opinion leader. Journal of Knowledge Management Practice. Retrieved from http://www.tlainc.com/articl42.htm
Chiang, C. F., & Hsieh, T. S. (2012). The impacts of perceived organizational support and psychological empowerment on job performance: The mediating effects of organizational citizenship behavior. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 31(1), 180-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2011.04.011
Conger, J. A., &Kanungo, R. N. (1988). The empowerment process: Integrating theory and practice. Academy of Management Review, 13(3), 471-482. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1988.4306983
Dadfar, H., Dahlgaard, J. J., Brege, S., & Alamirhoor, A. (2013). Linkage between organisational innovation capability, product platform development and performance: The case of pharmaceutical small and medium enterprises in Iran. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 24(7-8), 819-834. https://doi.org/10.1080/14783363.2013.791102
Deci, E. L., Connell, J. P., & Ryan, R. M. (1989). Self-determination in a work organization. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74(4), 580. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.74.4.580
De Jong, J., & Den Hartog, D. (2010). Measuring innovative work behaviour. Creativity and Innovation Management, 19(1), 23-36. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8691.2010.00547.x
De Jong, J. P., & Den Hartog, D. N. (2007). How leaders influence employees' innovative behaviour. European Journal of Innovation Management, 10(1), 41-64. https://doi.org/10.1108/14601060710720546
De Jong, J. P., & Kemp, R. (2003). Determinants of co-workers' innovative behaviour: An investigation into knowledge intensive services. International Journal of Innovation Management, 7(02), 189-212. https://doi.org/10.1142/S1363919603000787
Didonet, S. R., Simmons, G., Díaz‐Villavicencio, G., & Palmer, M. (2016). Market orientation's boundary‐spanning role to support innovation in SMEs. Journal of Small Business Management, 54, 216-233. https://doi: 10.1111/jsbm.12288
Distanont, A., & Orapan K., (2019). The role of innovation in creating a competitive advantage. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 40(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kjss.2018.07.009
Expósito, A., & Sanchis-Llopis, J. A. (2019). The relationship between types of innovation and SMEs’ performance: A multi-dimensional empirical assessment. Eurasian Business Review. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s40821-018-00116-3
Farzaneh, J., Farashah, A. D., & Kazemi, M. (2014). The impact of person-job fit and person-organization fit on OCB. Personnel Review, 43(5), 672-691. https://doi:10.1108/pr-07-2013-0118
Gozukara, I., Yildirim, O., & Yildiz, B. (2016). Innovative behavior: Relations with developmental culture, Psychological empowerment, Distributive justice and organizational learning capacity. International Business Research, 9(10), 186-200. https://doi:10.5539/Ibr.V9n10p186
Gupta, A. K., & Govindarajan, V. (2000). Knowledge flows within multinational corporations. Strategic Management Journal, 21(4), 473-496. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0266(200004)21:4<473::AID-SMJ84>3.0.CO;2-I
Hair, J., Hollingsworth, C. L., Randolph, A. B., & Chong, A. Y. L. (2017). An updated and expanded assessment of PLS-SEM in information systems research. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 117(3), 442-458. https://doi.org/10.1108/IMDS-04-2016-0130
Hansen, M. T. (1999). The search-transfer problem: The role of weak ties in sharing knowledge across organization subunits. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44(1), https://doi.org/82-111.10.2307/2667032
Hansen, M. T. (2002). Knowledge networks: Explaining effective knowledge sharing in multiunit companies. Organization Science, 13(3), 232-248. https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.184.108.40.20671
Hogel, M., Parboteeah, K. P., & Munson, C. L. (2003). Team-level antecedents of individuals’ knowledge networks, Decision Sciences, 34(4), 741-770. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5414.2003.02344.x
Hsu, C. C., Tan, K. C., Laosirihongthong, T., & Leong, G. K. (2011). Entrepreneurial SCM competence and performance of manufacturing SMEs. International Journal of Production Research, 49(22), 6629-6649. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207543.2010.-537384
Huang, C. C. (2009). Knowledge sharing and group cohesiveness on performance: An empirical study of technology R&D teams in Taiwan. Technovation, 29(11), 786-797. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2009.04.003
Janssen, O. (2005). The joint impact of perceived influence and supervisor supportiveness on employee innovative behaviour. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 78(4), 573-579. https://doi.org/10.1348/096317905X25823
Jung, D. I., Chow, C., & Wu, A. (2003). The role of transformational leadership in enhancing organizational innovation: Hypotheses and some preliminary findings. The Leadership Quarterly, 14(4-5), 525-544. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1048-9843(03)00050-X
Kang, Y. J., Lee, J. Y., & Kim, H. W. (2017). A psychological empowerment approach to online knowledge sharing. Computers in Human Behavior, 74, 175-187. https://doi:10.1016/j.chb.2017.04.039
Kanter, R. M. (1983). The change masters: Innovation and entrepreneurship in the American corporation. NY: Touchstone book.
Kim, W. C., & Mauborgne, R. A. (1991). Implementing global strategies: The role of procedural justice. Strategic Management Journal, 12(S1), 125-143. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.4250120910
Kmieciak, R., Michna, A., & Meczynska, A. (2012). Innovativeness, empowerment and IT capability: Evidence from SMEs. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 112(5), 707-728. https://doi.org/10.1108/02635571211232280
Knol, J., & Van Linge, R. (2009). Innovative behaviour: The effect of structural and psychological empowerment on nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65(2), 359-370. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04876.x
Laschinger, H. K. S., & Finegan, J. (2005). Using empowerment to build trust and respect in the workplace: A strategy for addressing the nursing shortage. Nursing Economics, 23(1), 6-13.
Lawler, E. E (1973). Motivation in Work Organizations. Monterey, Calif.: Brooks/Cole
Lu, L., Leung, K., & Koch, P. T. (2006). Managerial knowledge sharing: The role of individual, interpersonal, and organizational factors. Management and Organization Review, 2(1), 15-41. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165551506070739
Marane, B. M. O. (2012). The mediating role of trust in organization on the influence of psychological empowerment on innovation behavior. European Journal of Social Sciences, 33(1), 39-51. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCHRM-11-2015-0016
Mitchell, R., Parker, V., Giles, M., Joyce, P., & Chiang, V. (2012). Perceived value congruence and team innovation. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 85(4), 626-648. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8325.2012.02059.x
Mohan, K. P. (2017). Behavioral sciences in Thailand: An organizational case study for knowledge management. NIDA Case Research Journal, 9(2), 55-68.
Nolan, C. T., & Garavan, T. N. (2016). Human resource development in SMEs: A systematic review of the literature. International Journal of Management Reviews, 18(1), 85-107. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijmr.12062
Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The Knowledge-Creating Company: How Japanese Companies Create the Dynamics of Innovation. NY: Oxford university press.
Özçelik, E., &Taymaz, E. (2004). Does Innovativeness Matter for International Competitiveness in Developing Countries?: The Case of Turkish Manufacturing Industries. Research Policy, 33(3), 409-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.-respol.2003. 09.011
Ohly, S., Sonnentag, S., & Pluntke, F. (2006). Routinization, Work characteristics and their relationships with creative and proactive behaviors. Journal of Organizational Behavior: The International Journal of Industrial, Occupational and Organizational Psychology and Behavior, 27(3), 257-279. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.376
Piperopoulos, P. (2007). Barriers to innovation for SMEs: Empirical evidence from Greece. International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, 1(4), 365-386. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJBIR.2007.013725.
Richter, A. W., Hirst, G., Van Knippenberg, D., & Baer, M. (2012). Creative self-efficacy and individual creativity in team contexts: Cross-level interactions with team informational resources. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97(6), 1263-1282. https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0029359
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, Social development, and Well-being. American Psychologist, 55(1), 68-78.
Scott, S. G., & Bruce, R. A. (1994). Determinants of innovative behavior: A path model of individual innovation in the workplace. Academy of Management Journal, 37(3), 580-607. https://doi.org/10.5465/256701
Seibert, S. E., Wang, G., & Courtright, S. H. (2011). Antecedents and consequences of psychological and team empowerment in organizations: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(5), 981-1003. https://doi: 10.1037/a0022676
Singh, M., & Sarkar, A. (2012). The relationship between psychological empowerment and innovative behavior. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 11(3), 127–137. https://doi.org/10.1027/1866-5888/a000065.
Spreitzer, G. M. (1995). Psychological empowerment in the workplace: Dimensions, measurement, and validation. Academy of Management Journal, 38(5), 1442-1465. https://doi.org/10.5465/256865
Spreitzer, G. M., De Janasz, S. C., & Quinn, R. E. (1999). Empowered to lead: The role of psychological empowerment in leadership. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20(4), 511-526. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1379(199907)20:4<511::AID-JOB900>3.0.CO;2-L
Sturdy, A., Schwarz, M., & Spicer, A. (2006). Guess who’s coming to dinner? Structures and uses of liminality in strategic management consultancy. Human Relations, 59(7), 929-960. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018726706067597
Thomas, K. W., & Velthouse, B. A. (1990). Cognitive elements of empowerment: An “Interpretive” model of intrinsic task motivation. Academy of Management Review, 15(4), 666-681. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1990.4310926
Troy, L. C., Szymanski, D. M., & Varadarajan, P. R. (2001). Generating new product ideas: An initial investigation of the role of market information and organizational characteristics Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 29(1), 89-101. https://doi.org/10.1177/0092070301291006
Van Den Hooff, B., & De Ridder, J. A. (2004). Knowledge sharing in context: The influence of organizational commitment, communication climate and CMC use on knowledge sharing. Journal of Knowledge Management, 8(6), 117-130. https://doi.org/10.1108/13673270410567675
Wang, S., & Noe, R. A. (2010). Knowledge sharing: A review and directions for future research. Human Resource Management Review, 20(2), 115-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrmr.2009.10.001
Zhou, J. (1998). Feedback valence, feedback style, task autonomy, and achievement orientation: Interactive effects on creative performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(2), 261-276. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.83.2.261