Factors Influencing Preventive Intention Behavior Towards COVID-19 in Indonesia

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Fenitra Maminirina Rakotoarisoa
Anggun Praptapa
Eko Suyono
Indrianawati Usuman


Since early 2020, the COVID-19 outbreak and its spread across the globe have disrupted many sectors. In Indonesia the COVID-19 have caused a severe impact on the economic, social, and political. Various actions were considered as preventive measures to slow down the virus propagation. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between attitude, knowledge, risk perception, information exposure and preventive intention behavior toward COVID-19 in Indonesia.  An empirical quantitative study was conducted using data collected in March and April 2020. The sample consisted of 214 respondents in Indonesia through online survey questionnaires based on convenience sampling methods. The regression analysis results showed that 42% of the variance in behavioral change on the infection was explained by the dependent variables. Attitude had a strong positive relationship with intention behavior with (β = .37, p = .000). This study found that intention behavior was elicited by attitude (β = .37, p = .000), information exposure (β = .10, p = .01), and risk perception (β=.29, p = .000). However, knowledge did not influence preventive intention behavior (β=.00, p = .94). These findings contribute towards preventive intention literature to support practitioners, public health authorities, health care policymakers, and the government to shape effective prevention communication.

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Rakotoarisoa, F. M., Praptapa, A., Suyono, E., & Usuman , I. (2021). Factors Influencing Preventive Intention Behavior Towards COVID-19 in Indonesia. The Journal of Behavioral Science, 16(1), 14-27. Retrieved from https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJBS/article/view/242476
Research Articles
Author Biographies

Anggun Praptapa, Faculty of Economics, University jenderal Soedirman, Indonesia.

Agung Praptapa is a lecturer in the Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics, Jenderal Soedirman University with a specialty in Management Control Systems. Aside from being a lecturer, Agung Praptapa is also the Director of AP Training & Consulting, which serves consulting and training in accounting and management. Often invited as a speaker, especially for topics related to Achievement and Performance.

Agung is active in writing in various media, which in general can be accessed via the internet. The book that has been published is The Art of Controlling People, which was published by Gramedia Pustaka Utama in 2009. Agung is currently preparing other books including Performance Control, Performance Audit, Business Communication for Accounting Profession, and Wisdom of Java: Soft Skill for Success.

Eko Suyono, Faculty of Economics and Business, University jenderal Soedirman, Indonesia

Faculty of Economics and Business 

University Jenderal Soedirman

Indrianawati Usuman , Depatement of management science, Airlangga University, Indonesia

Depatement of management science, Airlangga University Indonesia


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