The Comparison of Learner’s Learning Achievement in Principles of Management Subject between Using Traditional Teaching Method and Cooperative Learning Method by Using Jigsaw Technique

Main Article Content

Kosawat Ratanothayanon

Abstract

National Education Act 1999 Section 22 stated that all students should be capable of learning and self-development. Meanwhile section 23 – 24 said the education should encourage their relationship with society, community, national and global communities. Meanwhile teachers had to set up the atmosphere and learning environment and activities in line with the interests and the aptitudes of the students. It should provoke the system thinking skill and dare to face with the situations.


During the traditional teaching of the BUS-109 Principles of Management in the second semester in 2014, found that students lack motivation in learning, always absent from the class and lack of cooperative learning. They act as individual learning and sometimes they did not hand in their homework. They cannot recall when they learn individually.  As the result, the new way of teaching method that would solve for these problems is required. After reviewing the literature, found that cooperative learning method by using jigsaw technique is a very interesting method that could be applied to solve problems than traditional teaching method. Therefore, the jigsaw technique would be used in this experimental research.  The population and samples were Thai-Nichi Institute of Technology (TNI)’ students who enrolled BUS-109 Principles of Management in the second semester in 2015, two sections for 35 each in control group and experimental group, amounted to 70 students.  Research tools are pre-test, post-test and lesson plan. Analytical statistics are frequency, mean (x̅), standard deviation (σ) and 60%-standard score pass.


After the experiment, there is a statistically significant difference at the level of .05, which was found in the post-test of the experimental group, which used jigsaw technique teaching method (t = 17.060, p < .05). A comparison of the post-test scores indicated that learning method by using jigsaw technique enhanced and promoted students’ performance in learning BUS-109 principles of management. The average score in the experimental group (J) is higher than the control group (T) (x̅J = 8.63, σJ = 0.88; x̅T = 6.71, σ T = 1.38). This shows that Jigsaw teaching method can create students’ intrinsic motivation in the activities. They are more responsible in social responsive as well as more communication and participation in the classroom than traditional teaching method.


 

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