THE INSTRUCTIONAL MODEL TO ENHANCE GROWTH MINDSET OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS รูปแบบการจัดการเรียนรู้เพื่อเสริมสร้างกรอบความคิดเติบโต ของนักเรียนระดับชั้นประถมศึกษาตอนปลาย

Main Article Content

Washiraporn Boobphachat
Bhumbhong Jomhongbhibhatipat
Kodchakorn Thipatdee


The objective of this study was twofold. The first objective is to examine current problems and needs for growth mindset in primary school students. The sample group was 140 Grade 6 students studying in schools supervised by Ubonratchathani Primary Educational Service Area Office 1using a cluster random sampling selection method. The research instrument was a questionnaire used to examine Grade 6 students’ problems and needs for growth mindset. The reliability of the instrument stood at 0.96. The data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, and PNI modified. The second objective is to develop an instructional model to enhance primary school students’ growth mindset adopting theories and results from studies relevant to growth mindset, elements of instructional model, and instructional model development. The results revealed that the most needed elements of growth mindset important for the development of the growth mindset framework were ‘improvement of weaknesses for success’, ‘facing challenges’, and ‘goal establishment’. The developed instructional model involves five steps, including creating understanding, open mind, goal setting, problem solving, summary and synthesis, and feedback. Also, a manual for the application of the model, lesson plans, and tests were developed to assist the application of the model into classroom. The model as well as other materials was examined by nine experts.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Boobphachat, W., Jomhongbhibhatipat, B., & Thipatdee, K. (2019). THE INSTRUCTIONAL MODEL TO ENHANCE GROWTH MINDSET OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: รูปแบบการจัดการเรียนรู้เพื่อเสริมสร้างกรอบความคิดเติบโต ของนักเรียนระดับชั้นประถมศึกษาตอนปลาย. JOURNAL OF EDUCATION NARESUAN UNIVERSITY, 22(3), 191-201. Retrieved from
Research Articles


Bruner, L. S. (1969). The process of education. Massachusetts: Harvard University.
Centre for Educational Psychology. (2016). Growth mindset. Bangkok: Office of the Basic Education Commission. [in Thai]
Fang, F., Kang, S. P., & Liu, S. (2004). Measuring mindset change in the systemic transformation of education. Paper in proceeding of the annual meeting of Association for Educational Communication and Technology (pp. 298-304). Chicago, IL.
Hattie, J. A. C. (2009). Visible learning: A synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement. London, UK: Routledge.
Joyce, B., & Weil, M. (1992). Models of teaching (3rd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
Jumnongpol, W., Thongsorn, P., & Teeravanittrakul, S. (2019). A study of learning achievement and problem solving ability of grade 2 students civics, culture and living in society stand using problem solving process. Journal of education Naresuan University, 21(1), 196 – 207. [in Thai]
Khemmani, T. (2010). pedagogical knowledge, Knowledge for organizing effective learning processes. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University. [in Thai]
Kangwanpornchai, P. (2016). The relationship between job and job satisfaction with the mediation effect of coping strategies and the moderation effect of growth and fixed mindset (Doctoral dissertation). Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University. [in Thai]
Lewin, K. (1951). Field theory in social science. New York: Harper and Row.
Lipman, M. (2003). Thinking of education. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Mezirow, J. (2003). Transformative learning as discourse. Journal of Transformative Education, 1(1), 58-63.
Ministry of Education. (2009). The basic education core curriculum B.E. 2551. Bangkok:
The Agricultural Cooperative Federation of Thailand. [in Thai]
Murphy, M. C., & Dweck, C. S. (2016). Mindsets shape consumer behavior. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 26, 127-136.
Office of the Basic Education Commission. (2016). Development of a growth mindset. Bangkok: Office of the Basic Education Commission and Centre for Educational Psychology. [in Thai]
Office of Educational Planning and Quality Assurance, (2016). Educational quality assurance system in educational institutions: Framework and concept of operation. Bangkok: Kurusapa Printing Ladphrao. [in Thai]
Piaget, J. (1960). The moral judgment of the child. Glencoe, Ill: Free Press.
Wongwanich, S. (2007). Need assessment Research (2nd ed.). Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Printing House. [in Thai]