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The objective of this study was twofold. The first objective is to examine current problems and needs for growth mindset in primary school students. The sample group was 140 Grade 6 students studying in schools supervised by Ubonratchathani Primary Educational Service Area Office 1using a cluster random sampling selection method. The research instrument was a questionnaire used to examine Grade 6 students’ problems and needs for growth mindset. The reliability of the instrument stood at 0.96. The data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, and PNI modified. The second objective is to develop an instructional model to enhance primary school students’ growth mindset adopting theories and results from studies relevant to growth mindset, elements of instructional model, and instructional model development. The results revealed that the most needed elements of growth mindset important for the development of the growth mindset framework were ‘improvement of weaknesses for success’, ‘facing challenges’, and ‘goal establishment’. The developed instructional model involves five steps, including creating understanding, open mind, goal setting, problem solving, summary and synthesis, and feedback. Also, a manual for the application of the model, lesson plans, and tests were developed to assist the application of the model into classroom. The model as well as other materials was examined by nine experts.
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