Analysis of the Film Language of Found-footage Films

  • Chanaporn Mahasri College of Communication Arts, Rangsit University
Keywords: film language, found-footage films


        The objectives of this research are to study the film language and the style of film director’s presentation in found-footage Films. Realism theory and Neo-Realism are used as theoretical framework of this study. Ten films are selected for being analyzed. The ten films are The Blair Witch Project (1999), [Rec.] (2007), Chronicle (2012), Cloverfield (2008), Project X (2012), Hardcore Henry (2015), Paranormal Activity (2007), Quarantine (2008), Into the Storm (2014) and Unfriended (2014). This found-footage films, there are a mixture of realism films and neo-realism films. Realism films are movies based on presenting the reality and the neo-realism films are the least modified film and focuses on the social issues of the lower classes. The research findings are as follows: 1. Found-Footage Films are using shot, camera angle, angle, camera movement, light and shadow, color, sounds and editing according to the film language. 2. The presentation style of the director’s found-footage films have present the style of realism and neo-realism. However, unlike realist and neo-realist films, social problem issues and humanism are not found in these found-footage films.


Download data is not yet available.


กฤษดา เกิดดี. (2553). ทฤษฎีและการวิจารณ์ภาพยนตร์เบื้องต้น เล่ม 1. พิมพ์ครั้งที่ 3 นนทบุรี:สำนักพิมพ์มหาวิทยาลัยสุโขทัยธรรมาธิราช. [KrisdaKerddee. (2010). Introduction to film theory and criticism 1. 3rd Edition. Nonthaburi. Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University.]

นิพนธ์ คุณารักษ์. (2552). “ภาษาภาพยนตร์: องค์ประกอบของภาพยนตร์.” วารสารศิลปกรรมศาสตร์.1,(1) กรกฎาคม. สาขาวิชาออกแบบนิเทศศิลป์. [NiphonKunaruck. (2009). “Film Language: Elements of Film.” Journal of Fine and Applied Arts. 1, (1) July.]


Film Genre 2. (2017). Realism. Retrieved:, August 1, 2017

IMDb. (2019). How do I submit my rating on IMDb. Retrieved: on-imdb, February 10, 2019