Khun Sangkhan : the Role and the Existence in Lanna Society in the Present Day.

Main Article Content

Phuangphaka Thammathi

Abstract

This article aimed to study the story of Khun Sangkhan in the context of Lanna literature and analyze the roles, functions, and existence of Khun Sanglhan in present Lanna society, was conducted under the qualitative research by using the content analysis method and functionalism theory, then summarized to present the result which collected from the Lanna ancient manuscripts those are 10 copies of Pab-saa and Pab Khoi. The result shown that Khun Sanglhan in Lanna people’s belief was contributed by personification under the assimilation of 3 believes: Brahmanism-Hinduism, Buddhism, and Animism, the story of khun Sangkhan is inherited in two kinds as the oral telling and manuscript one. Lanna people practice their own tradition to Khun Sangkhan in ways of custom and ritual continually. The appearance and existence of Khun Sangkhan is still in the belief of Lanna people tightly and fully functions and does the role among Lanna society in five ways as follow: the predication of the year, 2) the guider who tell human about the time and takes them pass across the old day and the old year into the new year on “Wan Sangkhan Long”, the person who takes out the unfortunates and reminds human about their actions and all of results they got in the past year, and the representative of identity of Lanna society.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Thammathi พ. (2022). Khun Sangkhan : the Role and the Existence in Lanna Society in the Present Day. Wiwitwannasan Journal of Language and Culture, 6(1), 91–112. Retrieved from https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/wiwitwannasan/article/view/252506
Section
Academic articles / Research articles

References

“Ancient Lanna Manuscript” Ancient Lanna Manuscript number DELMN 021_052_1089_008: Kittiwong Temple, Mae Sarieng, Mae Hongson. Digital Library of
Northern Thai Manuscripts. http://lannamanuscripts.net/th/ (in Lanna)

“Ancient Manuscript Hora Plaeng Pee Mai” Ancient Lanna Manuscript number DELMN021_085_0628_006: Singkha Wannasai, Muang, Lamphun. Digital Library of
Northern Thai Manuscripts. http://lannamanuscripts.net/th/ (in Lanna)

“Ancient Lanna Manuscript” Ancient Lanna Manuscript number DLNTM_051318001_00: Maenarua Temple, Muang, Phayao. Digital Library of Northern Thai
Manuscripts. http://lannamanuscripts.net/th/ (in Lanna)

Chotidilok S. & Runra P. (2017). Goddess Dolls : The Reproduction of the Discourse “If You Don’t Believe It, Don’t Disrespect It” and the Functions of Modern
Sacred Objects in Thai Society. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, Suratthani Rajabhat University. Vol 9 No 1, 2017, January – April, 2017, P 149 – 172.

Dokbuakaew, P. (2003). Songkran Festival: The Original Belief and the. Chiang Mai: Ming Muang. (in Thai)

Kasampolkoon A. (2009). Myths of Phra Sri An in Thai society: Creation and Roles. Ph.D., Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University.

Na Thalang, S. (2005). Folklore Theory: Analysis Methodology of Folklore – Folk Tales. Bangkok: Academic Publishing Project, Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn
University. (in Thai)

Naksuk, Y. Editor. (2003). Lanna Calendar Revision and New Year Declaration. (Project No. RDG45N0005) [Grant]. The Thailand Research Fund (TRF).

Phaowattanasuk, M. (2020). Lanna New Year 2020: Prathueng Wittaya Edition. Chiang Mai: Prathueng Wittaya. (in Thai)

Phra Kru Adulsilakit. Nungsue Pee Mai Lanna Manuscript. Thatkham Temple, Muang, Chiang Mai. (in Lanna)

Phra Thammathato Phikku & M.C. Pramuanmark. (1990). The Legend of Thai Ghosts. Bangkok: Amarin Printing Group Co.,Ltd. (in Thai)

Sujachaya, S. (2017). Rain Praying Rituals of the Tai Peoples. Tai Rice Culture Folklore: Institute Of Thai Studies, Chulalongkorn university.

Tabtim S., & Khatshima K. (2019). A study role of women and men in Khmer folktales. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol 15 No 2, July – December 2019,
P 48-74.

Thamathi, S. (2010). Lanna New Year. Chiang Mai: Suthep Printing. (in Thai)

Thamathi, S. (2014). Roi Sara Lanna Legend: 4th Issue. Chiang Mai: Suthep Printing. (in Thai)

Thamathi, S. (2021, April 1). Lanna New Year. The Center for the Promotion of Arts and Culture, Chiang Mai University. https://art-
culture.cmu.ac.th/Lanna/articleDetail/2150. (in Thai)

The Foundation of Thai Culture Encyclopedia. (1999). The Encyclopedia of Northern Thai Culture: 13th Issue. Bangkok: O.S. Printing House Co., Ltd. (in Thai)