Main Article Content
The purposes of the study was to study orders, meanings and values of messages from the spiritual adventures of Maha Vessantara Jataka - Kumara Chapter in the tales regarding the Joseph Campbell’s concept of heroic adventures in the point of myth. The five tales studied were Mahajati Kham Luang, Kap Mahajati, Rai-yao Maha Vessantara Jataka, Kumara Khamchan, Kumara Khamklon or Kumara Khampleng. The result revealed that Phra Vessantorn had spiritual adventures following to world’s ideas that were the beginning of spirit’s journey from the World of a Common Day and The Ulimate Boon or the end at taking elixir or magical stuff. However, Phra Vessantorn’s adventures had the difference from the world’s ideas that was the explanation of developed spirit to achieve goals of Buddhism’s concept and that spirit had no return to its lower level. In addition, the messages of adventures of Phra Vessantorn showed the heroism from the seven - performing meritorious acts: wisdom, loving-kindness, determination, patience, truthfulness, equanimity, and generosity. The generosity was especially a valuable message of Maha Vessantara Jataka - Kumara Chapter in every tale; moreover, this meritorious act highly focused on self – sacrifice for a good cause and detachment of worldly conditions for long-lasting happiness of oneself and society.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright is that of the journal any reproduction must be permitted by the editor of journal
Atsawawirunhakan, P. (2003) Morality of Bodhisattva: Ways for Whole People. Bangkok:
Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University. (In Thai)
Bannaruji, B. (2006). Phra Vessantorn – The Great Man of Himmapan. Bangkok: DMG.
Bunsong, B. (2009). The life and contributions of Joseph Cambell to the study of
mythology. (In Thai)
Campbell, J. (2008). The Power of Myth (B. Bunsong, Trans.). Bangkok: Amarin Printing and
Publishing Public Company Limited. (In Thai)
Changkhuanyuen, P. (1997). Political Perspectives of Buddhism. Bangkok: Faculty of Arts,
Chulalongkorn University. (In Thai)
Fine Arts Department. (1996). Kumara Khamchan (2 nd ed.). Bangkok: Fine Arts Department.
Fine Arts Department. (2007). Morality and Ethics following to ways of Bodhisattva.
Bangkok: Office of National Museum, Fine Arts Department. (In Thai)
Kasemphonlakun, A. (2009). Myths of Phra Sri An in Thai society: creation and roles.
Na nongkhay, K. (2011). “Nezha”: Meanings of God through Legends and Rituals in the Social
Context. In N. Prasannam (Ed.), Humanity of New Decade: Knowledge Dynamic
and Multiculturalism (pp. 292-315). Bangkok: Faculty of Humanities, Kasetsart University. (In Thai)
Na nongkhay, K. (2013). Heroes and villains in Thai action adventure films: an analysis
of cultural hybridization. (In Thai)
Phramahasomchay Thanawuttho. (2004). A Manual of Peace Version “Tang Kao Naa”.
Bangkok: International Buddist Society. (In Thai)
Phraseesakkayawong. (1990). Mahajati Preaching for Bicentennial Anniversary
Somdetpramahasamanajaw Kommapraparamanuchitchinorot. Bangkok: Sahaphatthanaphibun. (In Thai)
Phrathammakosajan. (1988). Criticism of Vessantara Jataka. Bangkok: Searmwitbannakharn.
Phrathepdilok (Rabaep Thitayano). (2007). Under the Buddha's Enlightenment Chapter 1.
Bangkok: WatBovoranives Vihara. (In Thai)
Punyanuphap, S. (1998). History of Religions (10 th ed.). Bangkok: Ruamsarn. (In Thai)
Puriwanchana, S. (2012). Miracles and the making of sacred narratives: convention and
dynamism in the life history of Phra Kechi Achan in central Thai society. (In Thai)
Raksamanee, K. (2006). Thai Literature Analysis according to Theories of Sanskrit
Literature (2 nd ed.). Bangkok: Dhammasara. (In Thai)
Rattanakarun, K. (2004). Tales in computer games: transmission and creativity. (In Thai)
Sangkhaphanthanon, T. (2013). Ecocriticism in Thai literature. Bangkok: Nakhorn. (In Thai)
Somdetphratheppharatratsuda Sayamborommaratchakumaree. (1989). The Ten Supreme
Perfections in Theravada Buddhism (2 nd ed.). Bangkok: The Sangha Supreme Council of Thailand. (In Thai)
Suwannapratet, O. (2008). King Naresuan the great: the dynamic power behind the
nation. (In Thai)