Religion as Perceived in Pui Saengchai's The 500 Lives of Lord Buddha in Nibata Jataka: A Comprehensive Edition

Main Article Content

supaporn kongsirirat


This article aimed to study the characteristics of religion as perceived in The 500 Lives of Lord Buddha in Nibata Jataka: A Comprehensive Edition by Pui Saengchai. The study employed the analytical framework concerning the characteristics of religion. The findings revealed three characteristics of religion. The first characteristic was primitive religion featuring animism, the worship of the spirits of ancestors and the worship of nature. The second characteristic was theism in the form of polytheism. The most frequently seen deities in Nibata Jataka were Indra, Indra’s attendants and guardian angels. The belief that the world was created by divine power, however, could not be found. The third characteristic was atheism in its early days when humans started to seek out truth in order to set themselves free and to use their intellect rather than pure faith to give reasonable explanations to surrounding events.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
kongsirirat, supaporn. (2022). Religion as Perceived in Pui Saengchai’s The 500 Lives of Lord Buddha in Nibata Jataka: A Comprehensive Edition. Wiwitwannasan Journal of Language and Culture, 6(2), 24–44. Retrieved from
Academic articles / Research articles


Chaiwinit, K. (1988). Primitive religion in Isan folk tales. [Master’s thesis, Srinakharinwirot University Mahasarakham]. (In Thai)

Changkwanyuen, P. & Phromtha, S. (2009). Man and religion. Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University. (In Thai)

Chaocharoenrat, S. (2015). Syncretism: Combining Religious Beliefs. Religious Science. (In Thai)

Feungfusakun, A. (2008). Anthropology of religion. Faculty of Social Sciences, Chiang Mai University. (In Thai)

Institute of Thai Studies Chulalongkorn University. (n.d.). Phisuea Samudra. (In Thai)

Kaewopas, T. (n.d.). World religions in the primitive, prehistoric and present times. Sakon Karn Suksa. (In Thai)

Kongsirirat, S. (2004). Lecture notes on folklore related to Thai language and literature [Unpublished manuscript]. Faculty of Humanities, Naresuan University. (In Thai)

Mahidol Wittayanusorn School. (n.d.). Unit 1: Introduction to religion. (In Thai)

Netnimit, S. (2017). An interdisciplinary analysis of the Buddhist jataka. Journal of Graduate Studies Review, 13 (3), 1-15. (In Thai)

Phantharangsee, S. (1991). Archaic religion. Bangkok: Thammasapa. (In Thai)

Phantharangsee, S. (1999). Comparative religion (8th ed.). Bangkok:Sukkapabjai Publishing. (In Thai)

Prabnok, P. (2015). World religion. Humanities and Social Sciences, 32 (3), 50-69. (In Thai)

Phongsapich, A. (1991). Culture, religion and ethnicity: An anthropological analysis of Thai society. Chulalongkorn University Press. (In Thai)

Puphaka, A. (2016). The translation and publication of Nibata Jataka: A stability ensuring policy in the reign of King Rama V. Parichart Journal, 29 (2), 89-108.

Royal Institute. (2011). The Royal Institute dictionary B.E. 2554. (In Thai)

Saengchai, P. (1961). The 500 lives of Lord Buddha in Nibata Jataka: A comprehensive edition. So Dharmma Phakdee. (In Thai)

Saengchai, P. (2008). The Quarterly Tipitaka. Bangkok: So. Dharmma Phakdee. (In Thai)

Saeong, P. (2019). Greco-Roman and Indian gods with relations to nature. Wiwitwannasan, 3 (1), 79-99. (In Thai)

Sirarojjananan, M. (2018). Indra in Theravada Buddhist Texts. Mahachula Academic Journal.

(1), 44-63. (In Thai)

Sirichaiwattanayothin, S. (2018). An Analytical Study of Indra’s Roles in Jataka Tales.

[Master’s thesis, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University]. (In Thai)

Vajirayana Library. (2009). Pannasa Jataka. (In Thai)

Wichitwathakan, L. (2003a). World religion volume 1. Sangsan Books Ltd. (In Thai)

Wichitwathakan, L. (2003b). World religion volume 2. Sangsan Books Ltd. (In Thai)