Bat Dvemātra in The Cambodian S.E.A. Write Award Poetry

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Napat Chawnuam
Chatupohn Khotkanok


Bat Dvemātra is a sophisticated form of Khmer poetry built upon existing basic meter or prosody. It functions similarly to the Thai concept of Kalbat, demonstrating the poet's expertise and mastery. This article explores its usage within the Cambodian S.E.A. Write Award Poetry, examining both the prevalence of Bat Dvemātra in these prestigious works and the art of composing award-winning poems using this very form.

It was found that there were four Cambodian S.E.A. Write Award Poetry works written in Bat Dvemātra, namely Sound of Lute, Illness and Medicine, Miscellaneous Poetic Works Part 1, and The Misery Life. Among the 43 poems employing Bat Dvemātra, the most prevalent form was Bat Pak 9, appearing in 19 poems. This was followed by Bat Pak 7 (15 poems), Bat Pak 8 (7 poems), Bat Pak 10 (1 poem), and Bat Pak 4 or Kak Kti (1 poem). The most frequently used Bat Dvemātra forms were Nguu Glun Haang, Kho Phat Snung, Akson Sang Waat, Tit Kaan, Dok Bua Baan, Bat Namo, Bat Ko Kho, Krop Chak Ka Waan, Akson Luan, Naakraat Plaeng Rit, Thoi Lang Khao Praek, Sat Kaang Peek, Ei Ya Raa, and Kluaen Yoan Yaaow. The study highlighted the unique prosodic techniques employed in the three most common Bat Dvemātra forms: Tit Kaan, Sat Kaang Peek, and Dok Bua Baan. These techniques contribute to the poems' literary beauty, including alliteration, wordplay, repetition, rhythmic patterns, and melodic cadence, and enhance the clear presentation of the poem's message. 

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How to Cite
Chawnuam, N. ., & Khotkanok, C. (2024). Bat Dvemātra in The Cambodian S.E.A. Write Award Poetry. WIWITWANNASAN, 8(1), 39–64. Retrieved from
Academic articles / Research articles
Author Biography

Chatupohn Khotkanok

Department of Oriental Languages, Faculty of Archaeology, Silpakorn University


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