The Determinants of Pro-Environmental Behavior Toward Goal Setting in Indonesian Cement Industry

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Daconi Khotob
Achmad Sudiro
Margono Setiawan
Mugiono Mugiono


The role of leaders in supporting pro-environmental behavior is an essential factor in encouraging sustainable practices in organizations, as global environmental challenges increase. Therefore, this study tries to analyze the effect of transformational leadership on pro-environmental behavior mediated by employee work motivation, organizational commitment, and moderation of goal setting in Indonesia. Data was collected from 276 employees across various work units in the cement industry and analyzed using partial least square-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). The results showed that transformational leadership positively affects work motivation (β = .63, p = .00), organizational commitment (β = .62, p = .00), and pro-environmental behavior (β = .30, p = .00). Furthermore, organizational commitment positively affected pro-environmental behavior (β = .37, p = .00), while work motivation did not affect pro-environmental behavior (β = 0.00, p = .94). Organizational commitment fully mediated the effect of transformational leadership on pro-environmental behavior (β = .23; p = .00), and goal setting had a moderate effect (β = .09, p = .00). It was also discovered that employee motivation was not able to mediate the effect of transformational leadership on pro-environmental behavior (β = 0.00, p = .94). These results showed the effect leadership plays in creating an organizational setting capable of fostering employee habits, motivation, and commitment to support pro-environmental behavior in the workplace.


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Khotob, D., Sudiro, A., Setiawan, M., & Mugiono, M. (2024). The Determinants of Pro-Environmental Behavior Toward Goal Setting in Indonesian Cement Industry. The Journal of Behavioral Science, 19(1), 68–80. Retrieved from
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