Main Article Content
The play, Phèdre, one of Racine’s tragedies was highly praised in 17th century which was the time that classic literatures influenced all the creation of written arts. The play, Phèdre is remarkablein terms of its strict tragedy’s manners—the tragic construction, and its charms that attracts readers to share the feelings with the characters. Racine presented “love” to the readers for the first time in 1677. It was apparently clear that the “love” between the main characters would be impossible. It was a sinful love which tortured and plagued the innocent minds. It was the love that no one could find a way out. Death shall be the only solution that unleashed the trapped hearts. Racine’s techniques included the use of traditional tragic construction. Phèdre fell in love with Hippolyte, a son-in-law of hers. Love affair of family members was impossible and unacceptable. At the same time, Hippolyte himself was in love with Aricie. Love triangle of the three characters revealed that no one would win the game.
Darcos, X. (1992). Histoire de la literature française, Paris: Hachette.
Goldmann, J. (1956). Jean Racine, Paris: L’Arche.
Horville, R. (1988). Itinéraire littéraire du XVIIe siècle, Paris: Hatier.
Lagarde, A. et Michaud, L. (1965). XVIIe siècle, Paris: Bordas.
Mallet, J. D. (2001). La tragédie et la comédie, Paris: Hatier.
Phèdre, sans date, Paris: Larousse.
Ryngaert, J. P. (1992). Introduction à l’analyse du théâtre, Paris: Bordas.
Truchet, J. (1975). La tragéie classique en France, Paris: Presse universitaire de France.
Ubersfeld, A. (1996). Lire le theater I, Paris: Belin.