Analysis of All in Twilight I Composed by Toru Takemitsu

  • Kiatkong Subhayon 085-706-2326
Keywords: Classical Guitar, Toru Takemitsu, All in Twilight


          This article was written to analyze a piece named All in Twilight I which originally come from All in Twilight – four pieces for Guitar composed by Toru Takemitsu who considered as one of the finest Japanese composers. All in Twilight was commissioned by Julian Bream and is dedicated to him. By looking at form, harmony, technique, and ideas of the composition that have shown perfectly in the piece and more importantly his conceptual idea that much different than other westerner composers which makes him even more outstanding Japanese composer. As mention to his unique ability above, there will be no doubt why All in Twilight became one of the most important, influent and one of the most difficult compositions for classical guitar right after the first performance on October 9, 1988 in New York. This article was written to publish how important and valuable the composition of Toru Takemitsu is.


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ณัชชา พันธุ์เจริญ. พจนานุกรมศัพท์ดุริยางคศิลป์. พิมพ์ครั้งที่ 3. กรุงเทพฯ: เกศกะรัต, 2552.
Takemitsu, Asaka. A memoir of Toru Takemitsu. Bloomington, IN: iUniverse, 2010
Takemitsu, Toru. All in Twilight for guitar. Tokyo, Schott Japan Company, 1989
Takemitsu, Toru. Confronting Silence. Berkeley, CA: Fallen Leaf Press, 1995
Bream, Julian. CD Nocturnal EMI Classics 0777 7 54901 2 1, United Kingdom, 1993
Academic Article