J.S. Bach’s Influence on the Prélude, Fugue, et, Variation Op. 18 by César Franck
This research is about to examine the historical context during the life and times of César Franck in the nineteenth century (1822-1890) and to analyze some traces of Johann Sebastian Bach’s influence on one of the César Franck’s prelude and fugue works which is Prélude, Fugue, et Variation in B minor, Op.18. By choosing some of J.S. Bach’s compositions including prelude and fugue for organ and prelude and fugue from The Well-Tempered Clavier to study and compare with Prélude Fugue et Variation Op.18. The researcher used an analysis method to find the similarities in both of the composers’ works in terms of musical styles and ideas from Baroque and Romantic periods and musical techniques that César Franck tends to apply from Bach. The research result will be useful for a better understanding of life and works of César Franck and for analytical study of musical context from different two periods. This research was conducted in qualitative research design and the researcher choose the musicological method to analyze the data.
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