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This article aims to study on the attributes and meanings of ceiling painting in Tripitaka Hall of Pa Phai Temple, Photharam District, Ratchaburi Province. While the painting has been discovered as a Thai traditional mural painting in the style of local craftsmanship, it is believed to have been created during the reign of King Rama V or later. The painting has the meanings that are related to the Tri Nisinghe Rune which has been famous in Thailand since the ancient time. The painting is believed to have been created by local craftsmen who had expertise in Thai traditional painting, with inspiration and designing from Phra Maha Peu, a Mon monk who had been the abbot of Pa Phai Temple with fame for consecrating the Tri Nisinghe Rune in surrounding local areas. Some parts of the painting have also signified relations to Burmese - Mon arts; further indicating that these craftsmen have a considerable knowledge and understanding for Burmese - Mon art style. Thus, this painting is a unique piece of art work that reflects various dimensions of cultures, especially in the dimensions of belief and faith in Buddhism and creativity in local craftsmanship.
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