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This article studies the social relations of the Hokchiu Chinese who migrated to Na Bon district, Nakon Si Thammarat province beginning in 1925 A.D. and pioneered rubber plantation in southern Thailand. Findings show that during the first few decades, the Hokchiu’s traditional social relations embedded in their economic relations were a crucial factor creating favorable conditions for their success. In 1950s, when the Hokchiu’s economic life was affected by modern rubber production and trade, their economic relations became more commercial while their traditional social relations faded away, remaining part of the communities’ cultural dimension driven by local socio - cultural organizations. This provides opportunities for trade and investment with mainland China in the context of Chinese capitalism expansion to overseas Chinese communities around the world.
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