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Krittisak Chaimyangyuen
Suchawadee Kesmanee



            This research aims to study the strategies of reference theory in Thai literature – Madanabadha. To complete this research, the researcher used applied research through document analysis and presented the findings in a form of descriptive research. The references that appeared in Madanabadha use Chanawangsa's style reference theory which can be divided into 3 types: Pronominal Reference, using the first, second, and third person pronouns or character name – including the selection of words to refer to the character's gender, status, rank or position, as well as the context of the story. Indicative Reference (Demonstrative Reference), words with indicative references are found to be a few. The words found are ‘this person’, ‘this man’ and ‘this woman’ which appeared after the Pronominal and Comparative References. Lastly, Comparative Reference, of which the author will use contextual comparison methods of the character's rank, position or status in selecting words to compare, including the mood of the characters while still allowing the reader to understand the allegorical reference claims to whom.


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