archaic words in the Royal institute Dictionary published in 2011

Main Article Content

Julalak Uthaisang
Mirantee Naksawat
Suchada Jiaphong

Abstract

Abstract


          This article aims to analyze and classify the meaning of archaic words and their social and cultural background. The target archaic words are published in Royal Institute dictionary of the edition 2011. The study found 1,183 archaic words divided into 13 types of meaning classification. The meaning of action was mostly found at 42.94 percent. The next was the meaning of naming at 10.40 percent, the meaning of position at 6.64 percent, the meaning of living thing and place at 3.80 percent, the meaning of royal family name at 2.60 percent, the meaning of plant at 1.35 percent, the meaning of occupation at 1.09, the meaning of body at 0.77 percent, the meaning of food at 0.68, the meaning of music at 0.42 percent and the meaning of color at 0.33, respectively. Whereas the analysis of social and cultural background revealed that there were 7 categories supporting word meanings:  the respect for King as Divine king, Thai social inequality, tradition and rituals, hygiene and sanitation, education and being government officers, lifestyle and Thai currency.


Keywords: Royal Institute Dictionary  Archaic Words

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Uthaisang จ. ., Naksawat ม., & Jiaphong ส. . (2021). archaic words in the Royal institute Dictionary published in 2011. Wiwitwannasan Journal of Language and Culture, 5(3), 203–221. Retrieved from https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/wiwitwannasan/article/view/247777
Section
Academic articles / Research articles

References

Sengyii, P. (2014). Research of words in the new dictionary of the Royal
Academy. Nakhonpathom : Silapakorn University.
Jaikham, S. (2006). Pali -Sanskrit words and meanings in the Dictionary of the Royal
Institute of Thailand 1982 and 1999. Phitsanulok : Naresuan University.
Jiaphong, S. (2018). The study of foreign language loan words appeared in
the dictionary of new words Royal Academy edition.
National Academic Conference, Naresuan University. 2018. P.717-727.
Royal Institute. (2013). Dictionary of the Royal Institute of Thailand 2011.
Bangkok : Royal Academy.
Nida, A. (1975). A Componential Analysis of Meaning. Mouton : The Hague.

Most read articles by the same author(s)