Main Article Content
This article aims to analyze and classify the meaning of archaic words and their social and cultural background. The target archaic words are published in Royal Institute dictionary of the edition 2011. The study found 1,183 archaic words divided into 13 types of meaning classification. The meaning of action was mostly found at 42.94 percent. The next was the meaning of naming at 10.40 percent, the meaning of position at 6.64 percent, the meaning of living thing and place at 3.80 percent, the meaning of royal family name at 2.60 percent, the meaning of plant at 1.35 percent, the meaning of occupation at 1.09, the meaning of body at 0.77 percent, the meaning of food at 0.68, the meaning of music at 0.42 percent and the meaning of color at 0.33, respectively. Whereas the analysis of social and cultural background revealed that there were 7 categories supporting word meanings: the respect for King as Divine king, Thai social inequality, tradition and rituals, hygiene and sanitation, education and being government officers, lifestyle and Thai currency.
Keywords: Royal Institute Dictionary Archaic Words
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