EFFECT OF VERMICOMPOST ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF LYCOPERSICON ESCULENTUM

Main Article Content

Kedkanok Wongchayanun
Komgrit Saeng-ngoen

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to 1) study the effects of vermicompost on the growth of Lycopersicon esculentum, and 2) study the effects of vermicompost on the yield of Lycopersicon esculentum. The experimental design was a completely randomized design with 6 different treatments of fertilizer applications, with 3 replications for each of the 5 plants, including chemical fertilizer applications with vermicompost of 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 grams per plant. Their height, the number of fruits, fruit weight per inflorescence, color, sweetness and firmness were measured and recorded. An analysis of variance using the F-test to determine the variability between the group means was conducted.


The results revealed that:


            1) Growing Lycopersicon esculentum with 50 grams of vermicompost per plant gave the maximum height at 103.40 centimeters with significant differences at the statistical level of 0.05.


            2) The production of Lycopersicon esculentum with 150 grams of vermicompost per plant gave the maximum number of fruits at 3.78 fruits per inflorescence, with significant differences at the statistical level of 0.05. Meanwhile, there were no effects of the vermicompost ratios on the freshness of the fruit per inflorescence. In addition, using 200 grams of vermicompost gave the maximum fruit size at 23.14 millimeters in width and 33.78 millimeters in length, with significant differences respectively at the level of 0.05. The chemical fertilizer gave the most sweetness as well as the most firmness at 9.05 brix and 1.85 newtons, with significant differences at the statistical level of 0.05. There were no effects of fertilizer ratios on fruit color. The use of 150 grams of vermicompost gave the maximum brightness value at 39.69. The chemical fertilizer gave the highest red color value of 34.15. In addition, the use of 100 grams of vermicompost gave the highest yellow color value of 27.38. Therefore, the use of vermicompost in the production of Lycopersicon esculentum can be considered to be a substitute for chemical fertilizers to reduce the cost of cultivation.


 


 


 


 


 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Research Articles

References

ปริญญาวดี ศรีตนทิพย์, ชิติ ศรีตนทิพย์, และณัฐธยาน์ ธะวิไส. (2559). ผลของปุ๋ยหมักมูลไส้เดือนดินต่อสมบัติทางเคมีบางประการของดิน ผลผลิตส่วนที่บริโภคได้ และฤทธิ์ต้านอนุมูลอิสระในผักเชียงดา. วารสาร พืชศาสตร์สงขลานครินทร์, 3 (พิเศษ), 50-56.
อานัฐ ตันโช. (2552). คู่มือการผลิตปุ๋ยหมักมูลไส้เดือนจากขยะอินทรีย์. ศูนย์สารสนเทศไส้เดือนดินแม่โจ้ ภาควิชาทรัพยากรดินและสิ่งแวดล้อม คณะผลิตกรรมการเกษตร มหาวิทยาลัยแม่โจ้.
Benitez, M., Zara, R., & Guzman, C. (2013). Comparative effects of soil organic amendments on growth, yield and antioxidant content of Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L. cv. Makiling) Philippine agricultural scientist. 96(4): 359–369.
Donghong, W., Qinghua, S., Xiufeng, W., Min, W., Jinyu, L., & Fengjuan, Y. (2010). Influence of cow manure vermicompost on the growth metabolite contents, and antioxidant activities of Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris ssp. Chinese). Biol fertil soils. 46: 689-696.
Niloofar, D., Shahram, S., & Forood, B. (2014). Influence of cow manure vermicompost on growth characteristics of german chamomile. Cibtech Journal of Zoology. 3(1):58-61.
Norman, Q. A., Clive, A., Edwards, P. B., James, D., & Metzger, C. L. (2005). Effects of vermicomposts produced from cattle manure, food waste and paper waste on the growth and yield of peppers in the field. Peedobiologia journal of soil ecology. 49: 297-306.
Wang, X. X., Zhao, F., Zhang, G., Zhang, Y., & Yang, L. (2017). Vermicompost improves tomato yield and quality and the biochemical properties of soils with different tomato planting history in a greenhouse study. Frontiers in plant science. 8: 1-11.