EFFECTS OF SUPPLEMENTING YEAST AND YEAST PRODUCTS AS FEED ADDITIVES IN LAYER DIETS ON PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE AND EGG QUALITY TRAITS

Main Article Content

Srinoy Chumkam
Orapint Jintasaporn

Abstract

Yeast and yeast products are rich in nutrients and nutraceuticals. They can be used in improving egg production and egg quality as a consequence. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of supplementing yeast and yeast products as feed additives in layer diets on performance and egg traits. A total of 250 commercial laying hens, aged 32 weeks, were randomly distributed in completely randomized design. The hens were distributed into 5 treatments.  The experimental treatments were  basal diets,  basal diets supplemented with 5.0% whole cell yeast, basal diets supplemented with 2.0% autolyzed yeast, basal diets supplemented with 0.25 % nucleotide, and   basal diets supplemented with 0.05% beta-glucan. The treatments lasted for 8 weeks. The resulted showed that those supplemented with whole cell yeast increased most of the egg weight (p<0.05) during 36-37, 38-39 and 32-39 weeks old. The feed intake of layer in treatments of whole cell yeast and nucleotide supplementation was significantly higher (p<0.05) than other treatments during 34-35 weeks old. The better (p<0.05) feed efficiency ratio was founded in those fed with whole cell yeast during 36-37 weeks old,   which was  5.94 % lower than that of the control group. . This value tended to be better than the other treatments (p=0.081) during 38-39 weeks old. Nucleotide supplementation significantly exhibited the highest value (p<0.05) of Haugh unit score and albumen hight during 34-35, 36-37, 38-39 and 32-39 weeks old.  Supplementing yeast and nucleotide contributed to a larger egg size compared to those without supplementation (p<0.05). Supplementing the diets with whole cell yeast was beneficial for increasing egg weight and improving feed conversion ratio. Supplementing nucleotide in laying diet improving albumen quality. Supplementing both whole cell yeast and nucleotide in layer diet increased the number of larged-size eggs.   

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Research Articles

References

กองส่งเสริมและพัฒนาปศุสัตว์. (2563). สถานการณ์ปศุสัตว์ปี 2563, สืบค้นจากhttp://extension.dld.go.th/th1/images/stories/63

ดนุภัสตรา ชะนะเพีย, และสุทธิพงศ์ อุริยะพงศ์สรรค์. (2559). การใช้ประโยชน์จากยีสต์ผงสกัดเพื่อเพิ่มประสิทธิภาพการใช้อาหารในสุกรขุน. แก่นเกษตร. 44(1), 35-42.

ทัศนีย์ ตรัยรัตน์อภิวัน, รัชกฤช เลิศภัทรโกมล, ปฏิภาณ ใจเป็ง, และกรกมล ปดิฐพร. (2560). ผลการเสริมนิว- คลีโอไทด์ในอาหารต่อสมรรถภาพการเจริญเติบโต ระบบภูมิคุ้มกัน และลักษณะทางจุลภาคขอลำไส้-เล็กในไก่เนื้อ. สัตวแพทย์มหานครสาร. 12(1), 1-10.

สุวรรณ แสนทวี, จักรพงษ์ ชายคง, และศศินิชา โตชัยภูมิ. (2555). ประสิทธิภาพการเสริมสารสกัดยีสต์ร่วมกับอินนูลินในอาหารไก่ไข่. แก่นเกษตร. 40(ฉบับพิเศษ 2), 498-501.

อุทัย คันโธ. (2559). อาหารสุกรและสัตว์ปีกเชิงประยุกต์. กรุงเทพมหานคร: ยู เค ที พับลิชชิ่ง จำกัด.

Ali, S. (2004). Lysine enrichment of distillery sludge, it biological evalution and detoxification protential against aflatoxin B1. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

AOAC. (2000). Official method of analysis of association of official analytical chemists. AOAC, Washington, DC.

Bolacali, M., & Irak, K. (2017). Effect of dietary yeast autolysate on performance, slaughter, and carcass characteristics, as well as blood parameter, in quail of both genders. South African Journal of Science. 47, 460-470.

Ding, B., Zheng, J., Wang, X., Zhang, L., Sun, D., Xing, Q., Pirone, A., & Fronte. B. (2019). Effects of dietary yeast beta-1,3-1,6-glucan on growth performance, intestinal morphology and chosen immunity parameters changes in Haidong chicks. Asian-Australas Journal of Animal Science. 32, 1558–1564.

Chiofalo, B., Presti., V. L., Samoini, G., D’Alessandro, E., Chiofalo, V., & Luigi, L. (2011). Nucleotides in broiler chicken diet: effect on breast muscles quality. Czech Journal of Food Sciences. 29, 308-317.

Ding, B., Zheng, J., Wang, X., Zhang, L., Sun, D., Xing, Q., Pirone, A., & Fronte, B. (2019). Effects of dietary yeast beta-1,3-1,6-glucan on growth performance, intestinal morphology and chosen immunity parameters changes in Haidong chicks. Asian-Australas Journal of Animal Science. 32, 1558–1564.

Firman, J.D., Moor, D., Broomhead, J. & Mclntyre, D. (2013). Effect of dietary inclusion of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product on performance and gut characteristics of male turkeys to market weight. International Journal of Poultry Science. 12, 141-143.

Hameed, R., Tahir, M., Khan, S. H., Ahmad, T., & J. Iqbal. (2019). Effect of yeast supplementation on production parameters, egg quality characteristics and crude protein digestibility in hens. Advance in Life Sciences. 6, 147-151.

Hashmi, I., Pasha, T.N., Jabbar, M.A., Akarm, M., & Hashmi, A.S. (2006). Study of absorption of yeast sludge against aflatoxins in broiler chick. Journal of Animal and Plant Science. 16, 1-2.

Hassan, H. (2011). Antioxidant and immune stimulating activity of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) autolysates. World Apply Science. 15, 1110-1119.

Jensen, L. S., Chang, C. H., & Maurice, D. V. (1976). Improvement in interior egg quality and reduction in liver fat in hens fed brewers dried grains. Poultry Science. 55, 1841-1847.

Jensen, L. S., Chang, C. H., & Wilson, S. P. (1978). Interior egg quality: Improvement by distillers feeds and trace elements. Poultry Science. 57, 648-654.

Lilburn, M. S., & Jensen, L. S. (1984). Evaluation of corn fermentation solubles as a feed ingredient for laying hens. Poultry Science. 63, 542-547.

Park, K.W., Rhee, A. R., Lee, I. Y., Kim, M. K., & Paik, I. K. (2008). Effect of various β-1,3-glucan supplements on the performance, blood parameter, small intestinal microflora and immune response in laying hens. Korean Journal of Poultry Science. 35, 183-190.

Pesti, G. M., Bakalli, R. I., Driver, I. P., Ateneio, A., & Foster, E. H. (2005). Poultry nutrition and feeding. Althens Inc., Georgia.

Rameshwari, K. S. & Karthikeyan, S. (2005). Distillery teast sludge (DYS) as an alternative feed resource in poultry. International Journal of Poultry Science. 4, 787-789.

Roush, W. B. (1981). T156 calculator programm for Haugh unit calculator. Poultry Science. 60, 1086-1088.

Sharif, M., Shahzad, M .A., Rehman, S., Khan, S., Ali, R., Khan, M. L., & Khan, K. (2012). Nutritional evaluation of distillery sludge and it effect as a substitute of canola on performance of broiler chickaen. Asian-Austarian Journal of Animal Science. 25, 401-409.

Shim, M. Y., Song, E., Billard, L., Aggrey, S. E., Pesti, G. M., & Sodsee, P. (2013). Effect of balanced dietary protein levels on egg production and egg quality parameters of individual commercial layer. Poultry Science. 92, 2687-2696.

Wu, C., Yang, Z., Song, C., Liang, C., Li, H., Chen, W., Lin, W., & Xie Q. ( 2018). Effects of dietary yeast nucleotides supplementation on intestinal barrier function, intestinal microbiota, and humoral immunity in specific pathogen-free chickens. Poultry Science. 97, 3837–3846.

Zhang, Jia-Cai, Chen, P., Zhang, C., Mohamed Khalil, M., Zhang, Ni-Ya, De-Sheng, Q., Wang, You-Wei, & Sun, Lv-Hui. (2020). Yeast culture promotes the production of aged laying hens by improving intestinal digestive enzyme activities and the intestinal health status. Poultry Science. 99, 2026-2032.

Zhang, G. Q., Ma, Q. G. & Ji, C. (2008). Effect of dietary inosinic acid o carcass characteristics, meat quality and deposition of inosinic acid in broilers. Poultry Science. 87, 1364-1369.