Invisible Fetters, Round of Rebirth and its Way Out

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Sanu Mahatthanadull


        This article aims to understand fetters in connection with round of rebirth and its way out. Fetters (saṃyojanas), a form of defilements or latent tendencies are innately ingrained over countless transmigration of all beings. They are regarded as the evil kingpin of the whole mass of round of existence. As chain of causes which result sentient beings infinite rebirth, they function closely related with the dependent origination (paticcasamuppāda).The fetters are regarded as invisible restraint device due to the fact that their special entity is they cannot be visible through naked eyes of human beings. Such device hooked permanently all sentient beings to the round of rebirth, and the realms of suffering. In Buddhism, the only way to overcome the cause of sufferings or to emancipate all beings from the Fetters is practicing according to the rudimentary Four Foundations of Mindfulness. This so-called the Supreme Paths are the particular doctrine practicing to abandon all the saṃyojanas. If members in a society were to abandon all of the fetters successfully, such society would become “Ideal society” is a society that is luminous shine with wisdom.


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Mahatthanadull, S. . (2019). Invisible Fetters, Round of Rebirth and its Way Out. Journal of Buddhist Education and Research, 5(1), 31–38. Retrieved from
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